Conceptualizing Mass Violence: Representations, Recollections, and Reinterpretations


: Reading mass violenceContending terminologiesThe resurgence of genocideReading mass killingsNarrativesRevisionism and reconstructionEducationReflectionsTraumaMemorializationLiteratureDialogue and reconciliationNotes: Narratives: Violence and violations 1 : Betrayal narratives in atrocity accountsThe unseenNarratives: retribution and resentmentAncestral memories: betrayalNoteReferences: Holocaust survivors in Mexico: Intersecting and conflicting narratives of open doors, welcoming society and personal hardshipsMexico’s closed doors to Jewish refugees and survivorsThe narrative of open doorsThe testimoniesImmigration and arrivalDifficulties to arrive and settleThose who arrived: mixed emotionsConclusionNotes: Historical narratives, the perpetuation of trauma, and the work of Vamık VolkanLarge-group identity and historical narrativeLarge-group identity in times of stressCommunity loss and community mourningThe “Tree Model” for bringing opposing groups togetherPostscriptNotes: Revisionism & reconstruction: Holocaust, propaganda, and the distortion of history in the former Soviet spacePrevalence of Soviet propaganda in the post-Soviet worldThe continuing legacy of the Molotov–Ribbentrop PactUkraine and the HolocaustMemorialization (of whom?) in PolandOther models of memoryConclusionNotes: The Genocide of 1971 in Bangladesh: Lessons from historyRecollecting the history of genocide in BangladeshConstructed history of Bangladesh with gender biasConstructed history of Bangladesh with ethnic biasConstructed history of Bangladesh with political biasConclusion: lessons from a re-constructed history of genocideNotes: Holocaust denial and minimization in the Indian Urdu pressUrdu press in IndiaNote on methodologyThe Holocaust in the Urdu pressSubtle denials of the HolocaustThe contextConclusionNotes: Education: Holocaust education and remembrance in Australia: Moving from family and community remembrance to human rights educationThe Holocaust, universal messages, and human rightsAustralian backgroundThe Australian Jewish community and Holocaust memoryThe breaking of the silenceMoving from the particular to the universalThe place of the Holocaust in Australian State History Syllabi, Years 7–10Different approaches to human rights educationConclusions and challengesReferencesNew developments in Holocaust and genocide education in South Africa The case study of the Johannesburg Holocaust & Genocide CentreHolocaust memory and education in South AfricaDevelopment of the new Johannesburg Holocaust & Genocide CentreSome of the challenges in Holocaust education in South AfricaIn conclusionNotes: A case of naive normalization?: India’s misbeliefs about Hitler and schooling on the HolocaustA troubling legacyA contextualizing conundrumA foundational flawConclusionReferences: Holocaust education in India and its challengesIndia’s refusal to be a member of Holocaust Remembrance OrganizationsAbsence of Holocaust education in IndiaReluctance of the state to introduce Holocaust/Genocide StudiesThe challenges to raising Holocaust awareness: Holocaust denial and trivializationOvercoming the ignorance of historyIndia’s response to the HolocaustCourses on the Holocaust taught in IndiaEfforts and the way aheadConclusionNotes: Reflections: Sonderkommando Photo 4 and the portrayal of the invisible 1: Overcoming “intimate hatreds”: Reflections on violence against YezidisA brief note about YezidismYezidis under the OttomansYezidis under the Iraqi stateThe Rise of the Kurdish National Movement – 1960s–1970sYezidis in the post-2003 orderThe August 2014 attacksReligious coexistence in perilous times?NotesReferences: The state and its margins: Changing notions of marginality in TurkeyCosmopolitan OttomanismBoundariesThe emergence of a new marginConclusions: In the aftermath of GeziNotes: Trauma: Pinochet’s dictatorship and reflections on trauma in Chile: How much have we learned in terms of human rights?Thinking about traumaTrauma in Chile: the breakdown of individual lives and societal dynamicsTransition to democracy: confronting traumatic memorySocial uprising and uses of traumatic memory from the recent pastReferences: Memorialization: “Grassroots” Holocaust museums: Revealing untold storiesThe establishment of Yad VashemFracturing the metanarrative and the creation of “grassroots” Holocaust museumsUntold stories: forgotten communitiesUntold stories: unique experiencesHolocaust museums and focused audiencesConclusionNotes: Fabric, food, song: The quiet continuities in Bengali life 70 years after partitionContextualizing continuities in Bengali lifeFabricFoodSongHousehold helpSeeing Kolkata partition museum project in a larger contextPromotion of toleranceCan museums prevent mass violence?The Amritsar Partition MuseumThe Liberation War Museum, DhakaPartition Film Fest, Kolkata, 16–19 AugustNotes: Literature: The failure of secular publics and the rise of the Jewish religious public in Nathan Englander’s: For the Relief of Unbearable Urges: Dialogue and reconciliation: The 2002 Alexandria Summit and its follow-up