IoT in Healthcare

The IoT in medicine concerns the integration of medical devices into a communication network where information is exchanged and collected and the health sector has numerous possibilities for applicability, especially concerning the prevention of chronic diseases and reducing hospital infections, which are one of the main aggravating factors in the quality of life of patients and the high costs of institutions. Since the use of this technology in medicine has brought significant advances as a result of this application, more accurate diagnoses and improved quality of medical treatment have been achieved [21].

The automation and computerization of IoT processes in medicine bring not only more efficiency, when well applied, it can impact costs and improve the results of an organization, in addition to offering a more satisfying and humanized experience to the patient, but also more process security through intelligent devices that interact with each other to solve problems and generate efficiency, without the need for human help to assist in the process. Through IoT in medicine, it is possible to apply solutions that connect two devices where there will be an information transmission, which will allow greater autonomy of the patient and better monitoring in the treatment, considering the mobile applications that connect to other electronic devices to obtain data on the patient’s health, sending accurate information that can assist the doctor in the detection, and treatment of possible diseases [36].

IoT in medicine is a technology that allows communication between equipment, improving medical care, and preventive diagnosis of diseases and surgeries helping to save lives. It is an important asset for the entire healthcare value chain, benefiting patients, hospitals, operators, research and development institutes, professionals, and pharmaceutical laboratories. One of the most obvious and popular applications of health services and IoT is remote health monitoring, known as telehealth,taking into account that in some cases, patients do not even need to visit an emergency room or hospital. This minimizes costs and eliminates the need for some visits,as well as helping to improve the patient’s quality of life,saving them the inconvenience of travel,considering those patients with limited mobility or depending on public transport,something as simple as that can make a total difference [5].

One of the IoT applications in medicine, for example, is the monitoring of patients remotely using wearable devices and mobile applications. To quickly identify changes and reduce the incidence of serious illnesses, the data collected can, in realtime, feed electronic medical records in hospitals or medical clinics, assisting in decisionmaking. The benefits of applying IoT in medical environments can be seen as keeping patients more connected to doctors through remote monitoring and virtual visits, helping hospitals track employees and patients, automating the patient care workflow, maintaining quality control, and manage sensitive items while they are in transit, facilitating care and monitoring of chronic diseases, as well as lowering healthcare costs by simplifying the overall process [37].

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