Container Logistics and Maritime Transport

Overview of container logistics and maritime transportMaritime transport and maritime logisticsContainer shipping supply chainPerformance measures in container logistics and maritime transportValue-adding segments in container shipping supply chainStructure of the bookReferencesInternational maritime trade and international logisticsInternational trade and maritime tradeInternational maritime tradeThe recent regionalisation and the changes in policy on international tradeInternational logistics and maritime logisticsThe complexity of international logistics: three-channel perspectiveThe transaction and payment channelThe physical distribution channelThe documentation-communications channelValue proposition of maritime logisticsCase studies of international logistics flowsInteraction between international trade and logisticsDrivers and approaches to business internationalisationImpact of international logistics on international tradeDiscussion and notesReferencesFreight logistics and shipment routingFreight logistics and key conceptsFreight logistics and activitiesShipper, BCO, freight forwarder, NVOCCIntermodal, multimodal, co-modal, synchromodalShipment routing and assignmentThe shortest path problemThe transportation problemTop-down shipment routing in global shipping networkGlobal shipping networkShipment routing problem in global shipping networkLinear programming modelBottom-up shipment routing in global shipping networkABM and complex adaptive systems (CAS)ABM in container shippingMulti-agent systems (MAS)Discussion and notesReferencesContainer logistics and empty container repositioningIntroduction to container logisticsContainer types and their impact on container logisticsContainer ownership and container lessorsContainer logistics chainsContainerisation and its advantages and disadvantagesContainerisation on globalisation and world economy — BBC BoxBenefits of containerisationIssues of containerisationContainer logistics managementContainer fleet sizingContainer leasingContainer routing and dispatchingEmpty container repositioning (ECR)Imbalance of containerised trades in global networkReasons for empty container repositioningScale and scope for empty container repositioningEmpty container repositioning under four strategiesQuantify the scale and scope of empty container repositioningSolutions to ECR from logistics channel perspectiveOrganisational measures for ECRIntra-channel measures to ECRInter-channel measures for ECRTechnological measures for ECRSolutions to ECR from the modelling technique perspectiveNetwork flow models for ECRFlow-balancing policies for ECR in a single service routePoint-to-point repositioning policy based on port-pair flow-balancing ruleCoordinated repositioning policy based on coordinated flow-balancing rulePerformance comparison of two repositioning policies in deterministic situationsPerformance comparison of two repositioning policies in stochastic situationsNetwork flow models for ECR in complex shipping networksInventory-control models for ECRECR optimal and threshold-type policies in two-port shuttle servicesProblem formulation of optimal dispatching for laden and empty containersOptimal dispatching policies for laden and empty containersStructural characteristics of optimal dispatching policyOther threshold-type control policiesPerformance evaluation of ECR control policiesKanban-type and base-stock-type policies for ECR in a multi-port service routeKanban-type ECR policyBase-stock-type ECR PolicyPerformance evaluation of kanban-type and base-stock-type policiesThreshold-type policies for ECR in complex shipping networksSimulation-based optimisation techniquesEvent-driven simulation in generalEvent-driven simulation in container shippingMetaheuristic optimisationGenetic algorithm and evolutionary strategySimulated annealingDiscussion and notesReferencesVessel logistics and shipping operations managementIntroduction to vessel logisticsShipowner, charterer, and shipbrokerTypes of vessels and cargoesImportance of shipping managementShip operations and characteristicsTypes of ship operationsCharacteristics of ship operationsHeterogeneity and fragmentation of maritime transportLiner shipping operations managementCSSC and key playersShipping lines and shipping conferencesFreight rate and operating costs in liner shippingShip operating costs in liner shippingLiner shipping planning problemsHorizontal cooperation and competitionHorizontal cooperationCompetition and collusionModelling horizontal competition with risk-averse behaviourProblem description and notationsCompetition model under mean-variance risk aversionCompetition model under CVaR risk aversionVertical integrationMotivation and issues of vertical integrationShipping line’s vertical integrationModelling vertical integration between the shipping line and portShipping service network designHierarchical structure and complexity of network designShipping service route designModelling single service route designShip scheduling under uncertaintyShip scheduling and sources of uncertaintyImpact of schedule unreliabilityModelling ship scheduling under uncertaintySpeed optimisation and slow steamingSpeed optimisation, slow steaming, and ship deploymentTypes of slow steaming and its advantages and disadvantagesModelling slow steamingShipping disruption managementDisruptive events in the shippingApproaches to disruptive events and delaysModelling dynamic disruption management in shippingDiscussion and notesReferencesPort and terminal operations managementPort and terminalsRoles and types of ports and terminalsPort communitiesContainer terminal operationsOperations management problemsCase: London Gateway portPort competitionPort competition and competitivenessStatic cost model of port competitiveness from supply chain perspectiveModelling inter-port competition involving shipping line’s decisionsModelling inter-port competition involving shippers’ port choiceQuayside operations managementBerth allocation problemQuay crane assignment problemQuay crane scheduling problemApproaches to coordinate BAP, QCAP, and QCSPYardside operations managementContainer yard operationsIntegrate yard container storage with quayside AGV schedulingIntegrate yard container relocation with landside vehicle booking informationLandside operations managementContainer terminal gate systemsAnalyse terminal gate systemsRail terminal operations and Felixstowe caseModelling rail terminal pre-staging, discharging, and loadingPort congestion and mitigation measuresCauses and impacts of port congestionMeasures to mitigate port congestionDiscussion and notesSustainability issues in maritime transportSustainability in maritime transportSustainability and CSRSustainability in maritime transportEnvironmental sustainability in maritime transportSulphur emission management in shippingRegulatory development of sulphur emission reductionSolution measures to mitigate sulphur emissionsCarbon emission management in shippingIMO GHG strategiesOperational measuresTechnical measuresMarket-based measuresAlternative fuelsPathways to shipping decarbonisationEmissions estimation from shippingTop-down and bottom-up approachesAggregated activity-based method to estimate emissions from a container shipApply aggregated method to estimate emissions for world container ship fleetOperational activity-based method to estimate emissions from container shipApply operational method for a container ship in a specific service routeEmission reduction through ship routingEvaluate emissions for an Asia—Europe route directly serving the UK marketEvaluate emissions for an Asia—Europe route and a feeder route serving the UK marketComparison of two alternativesEmission reduction through ship scheduling and planned speed optimisationModelling a shipping service scheduling with uncertain port timesMultiple objectives: cost, unreliability, and emissionsModel analysisMulti-objective genetic algorithmsMulti-objective optimisation of ship scheduling from different stakeholders’ perspectivesThe dynamic system considering additional uncertainty at seaA case study of optimising multiple KPIs for different stakeholdersКPis and solutions under flexible speed strategyKPIs and solutions under constant speed strategyA procedure to obtain a good solution by compromising multiple KPIsEmission management at container portsPort emission sources and assessmentPort emission reduction strategiesA case study of port emission reductionDiscussion and notesReferences