Turkey’s Electoral Geography: Trends, Behaviors, and Identities

AcknowledgmentsSeventy years of Turkish electoral geography, 1950–2020–1977: The era of political centrism–2018: The era of centrifugal politics and regionalizationOrganization of the bookNotesReferencesMeasuring party nationalization in Turkey: 1950–2018Measuring the nationalization of the party systemDeterminants of Party System NationalizationThe Turkish caseAnalysis and findingsNationalization at the party levelDiscussion and implicationsNotesReferencesGerrymandering in Turkish elections since 1950: (Re)setting the rules of the game?The concept and connotationsThe Turkish caseConclusionNotesReferencesThe electoral map of TurkeyAn indication of new sociological divisions and political polarizations?Voter preferences in Turkey’s western coastal provinces from 1983 to 2018Dynamics of voter preferences in western coastal provincesConclusionNotesReferencesThe regional and national campaign discourse of the PDP and its predecessors in Turkey’s general elections, 2002–2018The Democratic People’s Party’s November 3, 2002 election discourse and message contentThe Democratic Society Party’s July 22, 2007 election discourse and message contentThe Peace and Democracy Party’s June 12, 2011 election discourse and message contentThe People’s Democratic Party’s June 7, 2015 election discourse and message contentThe PDP’s November 1, 2015 election discourse and message contentThe PDP’s June 24, 2018 election discourse and message contentConclusionsNotesBibliography“Where are they doing politics?”: Women’s cooperatives as sites of constellations of powerFeminist electoral geographyPatron-client relations and their significance in spatialized constructions of politicsFeminist political geography at work: The case of women’s cooperatives in TurkeyWomen in the distributional networks of politics and socioeconomicsCooperatives as “topographies” of women’s empowermentWomen’s presence as the patron and the clientConclusionReferencesElection monitoring organizations in view of electoral geography: Regional characteristics of volunteer networks in TurkeyIntroduction: “Cats in the substation” and revisiting electoral integrity?MethodologyData analysisMedia use and the news preferences of election monitoring networksTrust in elections, and in news mediaPolitical identitiesCharacteristics of democratic participation behaviorsCharacteristics of volunteering networks and activitiesRegional (demographic) characteristicsParticipants’ perceptions of political behavior in their social environmentConclusionNotesReferencesEngendering the parliament: A study of women deputies in Turkey, 1935–2018Political representation during the single-party period: Women as a symbol, 1935–1946More political parties, less representation: 1950–1995More women, more representation: 1999–2018ConclusionNotesBibliographyAn analysis of Turkish overseas electoral districts: Opportunities and challengesVoting from abroadVoting from abroad in the Turkish caseTurkey’s diaspora policies and overseas electoral systemPolling stations beyond the borderDiscussions on an overseas election district system for TurkeyConclusionNotesBibliography
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