Civil-Military Relations and Global Security Governance: Strategy, Hybrid Orders and the Case of Pak


ForewordPreface and AcknowledgementsGlobal security governance, multi-track diplomacy and democratic changeMulti-agency peace and security approaches of the EU, NATO, OSCE and the United StatesPost-Westphalian security governance and multi-agency peaceMulti-track diplomacy in security governancePower-sharing, EU strategy of resilience and civil society actorsInstitutional change and transformationNoteReferencesCivil-military relations and military changeMilitary change and transformationMilitary adaptation and new military functionsDeterminants of military changeReferencesMechanisms of democratic control in hybrid ordersCivil-military adaptation in hybrid ordersNoteReferencesMethodology and research designSamplingMixed-methods approachHybrid orders and the case of PakistanNotesReferencesMilitary change, democratisation and non-linear transformationThe military’s preferences for peace and security approachesChange in civil-military relationsThe military institution and democratic processesThe military’s ‘compulsive intervention’ in politics due to weak government capacityNon-linear and incomplete transformationConclusionReferencesThe impact of non-state actors on security sector reforms and democratic oversightLocal actors’ perceived impact on peace and securityInput legitimacyOutput legitimacyDiagonal accountability and civilian oversightRole in elite pacting and power shiftsConclusionReferencesKey determinants of civil-military relationsStrategyForeign funding - both impediment and facilitator of civil-military cooperationWeak government control and lack of effective institutional environmentThe role of political parties and leadership in processes of military changeThe role of the mediaConclusionReferencesA theory of civil-military relations and international security governanceImplications for theoretical debates on civil-military relations and global governanceImplications for international actors’ grand strategiesNoteReferencesCodebook for the inter-coder reliability testAnonymised survey academia/media/governmentAnonymised survey military representatives