Table of Contents:

Note

1 Particularly in the period between 1991 and 2001 (9/11), there was an exaggerated sense of the role of civil society in bringing democratic change, e.g. in Eastern Europe and a shift away from focusing on state capacity. This changed somewhat post-9/11 when the international policy discourse became more concerned with state failure as a feature of allowing al Qaeda to operate in Afghanistan and Somalia.

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