Anonymised survey academia/media/government

  • 1. Personal introduction
  • 1.1. In the last ten years, you have been mainly based in:

Mark only one.

  • • Punjab
  • • Sindh
  • • Gilgit Baltistan
  • • Balochistan
  • • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • • FATA
  • • Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  • • Islamabad Capital Territory
  • • Other:
    • 1.2. In which countries have you been/travelled in the last ten years:
    • 2. Civil-military interaction
    • 2.1. How would you describe the government’s monitoring capacity over the

military at the moment?

Mark only one.

  • • Sanctioning - the government punishes military disobedience and holds the military accountable or even “deprive military officers of benefits” for “military defeat, political or economic failures or human rights abuses”
  • • Counterbalancing - the civilian government attempts to restrict and control armed forces’ ability for organising themselves and threatening the democratic establishment
  • • Monitoring - the civilian government has mechanisms in place to ‘detect’ military misconduct
  • • Political socialisation - the civilian government has strategies in place to “strengthening the acceptance of civilian control by transforming the professional norms and mindset of the military officer corps through political education, the reform of officer training programs”
  • • Appeasement - civilian state institutions set “incentives for the armed forces to refrain from politics”
  • • Acquiescence - civilian government “refrains from intruding on military prerogatives and the institutional autonomy of the military”
  • • ‘Compulsive intervention’ - limited efficiency of government institutions offers a window of opportunity (and necessity) for the military to intervene in governance issues.
  • • Other:
    • 2.2. (Optional) Please provide further details:
    • 2.3. What type of interaction would you say better describes NGO-military interaction?

Mark only one.

  • • Mainly cooperation (informal agreement)
  • • Mainly coordination (formal agreement)
  • • Mainly collaboration (formal and informal agreement)
  • • Other:
    • 2.4. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 2.5. In Pakistan (at the moment), do you think the balance of power is inclined more towards:

Mark only one.

  • • Military
  • • Government
  • • Other:
    • 2.6. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 2.7. How would you describe NGO-military relations?

Mark only one.

  • • Mainly collaborative (repeated interaction)
  • • Mainly less collaborative
  • • Sometimes collaborative, sometimes less collaborative
  • • Other:
    • 2.8. Why? Please provide details regarding your choice.
    • 2.9. Do you think that the activities conducted by NGOs and the military for the advancement of peace and security in Pakistan are/could be complementary?

Mark only one.

  • • Yes
  • • No
  • • Other:
    • 2.10. Please explain your choice:
  • 3. Peace strategy
  • 3.1. What approach(es) you think is/are most appropriate in order to achieve sustainable peace:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Eliminate militants/insurgents
  • • Capture them
  • • ‘Out-govern’ them
  • • Integrate them
  • • Other:
    • 3.2. (Optional) Please explain the selected answer here.
    • 3.3. (Optional) Please provide additional comments or remarks:

Anonymised survey non-state actors

  • 1. About your organisation
  • 1.1. Your organisation is (please tick one option):
    • • Domestic
    • • International
    • • Other:
  • 1.2. Your organisation conducts activities in:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Punjab
  • • Sindh
  • • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • • Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  • • Gilgit Baltistan
  • • Balochistan
  • • Islamabad Capital Territory
  • • FATA
  • • Other:
    • 1.3. Funding for your organisation comes from:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Domestic donors
  • • International donors
  • • Both
  • • Works with volunteers
  • • No funding
  • • Other:

1.4. What policy area are you working on?

Tick all that apply.

  • • Human rights
  • • Peace education
  • • (Economic) development
  • • Democratisation
  • • Good governance
  • • Women rights
  • • Youth empowerment
  • • Research on policy making
  • • Rights of minorities/disadvantaged groups
  • • Other:
    • 1.5. Your organisation operates at:

Tick all that apply.

  • • City/district level
  • • Province level
  • • National level
  • • International level
  • • Other:
    • 1.6. Conflicts which your organisation is addressing:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Sectarian violence
  • • Pakistani government (and society) - Tehreek-e-Taliban
  • • India-Pakistan
  • • Pakistan-Afghanistan
  • • Pakistan-Afghanistan Taliban
  • • Separatist insurgency Balochistan
  • • Other:
    • 1.7. In the last ten years, you interacted with:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Local government
  • • National government
  • • Military
  • • Domestic NGOs
  • • Police
  • • International organisations (e.g. United Nations, European Union)
  • • Political parties
  • • Mosque
  • • Church
  • • International foundations or INGOs
  • • Other:
  • 2. Cooperation and partners
  • 2.1. How would you assess cooperation with following actors: Mark only one option per each row.

Very easy

Easy

Fairly easy

Sometimes easy, sometimes difficult

Fairly difficult

Difficult

Very difficult

No interaction

Mosque

Civil population

Church

International organisations (NATO. UN, EU)

NGOs

INGOs

Military staff

Central government

Political parties

Local authorities

  • 2.2. (Optional) Please provide details:
  • 2.3. Who should participate in conflict resolution and peacebuilding in Pakistan?

Tick all that apply.

  • • Domestic government
  • • Mosque
  • • NGOs
  • • INGOs
  • • International organisations (e.g. United Nations, European Union)
  • • Civil society activists
  • • Military
  • • Foreign governments
  • • Other:
    • 2.4. Do your programmes have a link to a country strategy?

Mark only one.

  • • Yes
  • • No
  • • Other:
    • 2.5. (Optional) Please provide details:
  • 2.6. What do you think is (should be) Pakistan’s priority at the moment? Mark only one.
  • • Human security
  • • National security
  • • Both equally
  • • Other:
    • 2.7. To whom is your organisation primarily accountable?

Mark only one.

  • • Local population
  • • Donor
  • • Government
  • • Other:
    • 3. Civil-military interaction
    • 3.1. Do you have the contact details of any military liaison officers/staff who are available to you for queries related to the development of your project work in any of these areas?

Tick all that apply.

  • • Information-exchange
  • • De-radicalisation/integration/conflict resolution or peace programme
  • • Decision-making
  • • Monitoring
  • • Implementation of policy in the security sector
  • • Research
  • • Policy assistance
  • • Other:
    • 3.2. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 3.3. What type of interaction would you say better describes your relation with the military?

Mark only one.

  • • Mainly cooperation (informal agreement)
  • • Mainly coordination (formal agreement)
  • • Mainly collaboration (formal and informal agreement)
  • • Other:
    • 3.4. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 3.5. How would you describe the government’s monitoring capacity over the military at the moment?

Tick all that apply.

  • • Sanctioning - the government punishes military disobedience and holds the military accountable or even “deprive military officers of benefits” for “military defeat, political or economic failures or human rights abuses”
  • • Counterbalancing - the civilian government attempts to restrict and control armed forces’ ability for organising themselves and threatening the democratic establishment
  • • Monitoring - the civilian government has mechanisms in place to ‘detect’ military misconduct
  • • Political socialisation - the civilian government has strategies in place to “strengthening the acceptance of civilian control by transforming the professional norms and mindset of the military officer corps through political education, the reform of officer training programs”
  • • Appeasement - civilian state institutions set “incentives for the armed forces to refrain from politics”
  • • Acquiescence - civilian government “refrains from intruding on military prerogatives and the institutional autonomy of the military”
  • • ‘Compulsive intervention’ - limited efficiency of government institutions offers a window of opportunity (and necessity) for the military to intervene in governance issues.
  • • Other:
    • 3.6. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 3.7. In Pakistan (at the moment), do you think the balance of power is

inclined more towards:

Mark only one.

  • • Military
  • • Government
  • • Other:
    • 3.8. (Optional) Please provide details:
    • 3.9. You would describe your interaction with the military as:

Mark only one.

  • • Mainly collaborative (repeated interaction)
  • • Mainly less collaborative
  • • Sometimes collaborative, sometimes less collaborative
  • • Other:
    • 3.10. Why? Please provide details regarding your choice.
    • 3.11. Do you think that the activities conducted by civil society representatives and military for the advancement of peace and security in Pakistan could be/are complementary?

Mark only one.

  • • Yes
  • • No
  • • Other:
    • 3.12. Please explain your choice:
  • 188 Standardised survey questions
  • 4. Peace strategy
  • 4.1. What approach you think is/should be most appropriate in order to achieve sustainable peace:

Tick all that apply.

  • • Eliminate militants/insurgents
  • • Capture them
  • • ‘Out-govern’ them
  • • Integrate them
  • • Other:
    • 4.2. (Optional) Please explain the selected answer here.
    • 4.3. What is the greatest challenge for your work at the moment?

Tick all that apply.

  • • Funding
  • • Partners
  • • Government policy
  • • Military
  • • Other:
 
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