Results

The descriptive indicators for global trait El assessed by the TEIQue-SF questionnaire, for eight distinct intelligences by MI Test of our research sample, are presented in Table 6.5.

Statistical analysis of skewness and kurtosis supported the normal distribution of the analyzed variables, therefore parametric Pearson correlation analysis (r) and regression analysis were used to examine the relation and complementarity of MI and trait El.

Pearson correlation analysis determined the direction and strength of relations between the global level of trait El and the Multiple Intelligences types of Gardner’s theory (Table 6.6).

Referring to the correlational analysis, the global level of trait El was significantly positively moderately correlated only to interpersonal intelligence, especially with a strong significant positive relation between interpersonal intelligence and the sociability factor from Petrides’s trait El concept. Two

Table 6.6 Correlation analysis of the global Trait El and MI types

Trait El (TEIQue- SF) N=266

Multiple Intelligences (MI Test)

Linguistic

Logical-

Math

Music

Spatial

Bodily-

Kines

Persona!

intelligence

Natural

Intra

Inter

Well-being

.132*

.112

.014

.024

.191"

.015

.285**'

.142*

Self-control

.113

.277**'

-.054

.034

.148*

-.062

.159"

.123*

Emotionality

.174"

-.034

.119

.166"

-.082

-.017

.189"

.044

Sociability

.138*

.169”

-.015

-.024

.144*

-.181"

.467***

.030

Global trait El

.201"

.207"

.010

.082

.145*

-.067

.360***

.132*

Note: * = p < .05, ** = p < .01, *** = p < .001. Source: Authors’ own compilation.

Table 6.7 Summary of hierarchical regression analysis for variables predicting global trait emotional intelligence (N=266)

Global Trait El

Residual

F1 F change

R- adj.

02

л change

Step 1

94.630

38.060**’

.123

Step 2

91.125

10.128**

.152

.032

Step 3

84.498

20.549***

.211

.061

Beta

t

Partial correlations

Step 1

Interpersonal

.355

6.169***

.355

Step 2

Interpersonal

Linguistic

.346

.180

  • 6.107***
  • 3.182’*

.352

.193

Step 3

Interpersonal

Linguistic

Logical-Mathematical

.377

.160

.250

  • 6.851***
  • 2.916**
  • 4.533**’

.390

.177

.270

Note: ** = p < .01, *** = p < .001. Source: Authors' own compilation.

significant weak positive correlations were found between the global trait El level and linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence.

The regression analysis was conducted only with the intelligence types that were significantly related to the global level of trait El as presented in Table 6.7.

The last aim of the study was to conduct a hierarchical three-step regression analysis to determine if global trait El as the dependent variable could be predicted by the interpersonal, linguistic, and logical-mathematical intelligence (as presented in Table 6.7).

At Step 1, the model was statistically significant and interpersonal intelligence predicted 12 percent of the variance in global trait El. Then, at Step 2, linguistic intelligence was entered. It was again found to be a significant positive predictor of global trait El, over and above interpersonal intelligence while linguistic intelligence predicted a significant 3 percent of unique variance in global trait El after controlling for interpersonal intelligence in our sample. At Step 3, logical-mathematical intelligence was entered. A significant positive predictor of global trait El was again found in the form of logical- mathematical intelligence. Logical-mathematical intelligence predicted a significant 6 percent of unique variance in global trait El after controlling for interpersonal and linguistic intelligence at the same time in our sample with a remaining positive significant weak relation to trait El while controlling for other entered variables.

 
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