Research method

Sample

This current study presents the preliminary results of a larger research project with several phases over a two-year time period involving 18 private and public schools in the Warsaw educational system. The first phase consisted of a short-term (three month) intervention for a subset of the schools.

In a cluster sampling, randomized control group study, the schools were randomly assigned to the treatment or control condition. All of the teacher participants in the three-month phase were female and ranged in ages from 25 to 55 (mean = 32.5). Due to attrition in the samples, the number of paired (pre-test/post-test) measures that were available for this current preliminary analysis include the treatment group (N = 59) and the control group (N = 24).

Measures

The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT; Mayer et al., 2002) is a performance-based ability measure based on the 1997 El model of Mayer and Salovey. The Polish translation of the test was available through the publishers - Multi-Health Systems. The MSCEIT yields an overall El score, two area scores (Experiential and Strategic), four ability scores and eight task scores (see Chapter 1 in this volume). Validity and reliability were established with numerous indicators (Mayer et al., 2002). The Demographic Questionnaire obtained basic information of participants.

Procedures

Participants in the treatment and control groups were administered the MSCEIT along with other measures that were part of a larger study not reported here. The treatment group received a 3-month El intervention developed by the IRE that included three full-day workshop training on El concepts and principles as well as daily activities/exercises aimed to reinforce the teachers’ understanding and skills of El. Both groups received the MSCEIT as the post-test. Paired sample t-tests for pre-post analyses of the treatment group and the control group, as well as independent sample t-tests for the treatment-control group comparisons of MSCEIT scores in pre and post conditions, were conducted.

 
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