Engendering Climate Change: Learnings from South Asia


Gender and climate change: a view from South AsiaContributions to the volumeUnpacking vulnerabilities: intersections of geography and social identityAdaptive strategies: agricultural diversification, migration and collective actionMigration as adaptationCollective action and resilienceConclusionNoteReferencesI: Vulnerabilities: Vulnerabilities of rural women to climate extremes: A case of semi-arid districts in PakistanContextual backgroundEvidence from the field: climate change and vulnerabilities for womenClass mattersInter-generational dynamics and decision makingConclusionReferences: Gendered vulnerabilities in Diaras : Struggles with floods in the Gandak river basin in Bihar, IndiaDiaras: A land knee deep under waterThe socio-economic context and changing climatic conditions in West ChamparanUnderstanding gendered vulnerabilitiesGendered vulnerabilities in West Champaran“We need more men in our homes”Multiple vulnerabilities of work and migrationRole of institutions in times of floodConclusion: Surviving and adapting to change in the diarasNotesReferences: Of borewells and bicycles : The gendered nature of water access in Karnataka, South India and its implications for local vulnerabilityIntroduction: water scarcity, social-ecological dynamics and genderContext and methodologyContextMethodologyFindings: the changing waterscape of KolarDrought, water scarcity and climate variability in KolarChanging livelihoods and natural resources in KolarChanges in land use and cropping patternsInstitutional shifts in water management: from the kere system to individual groundwater extractionBorewells and the atomization of water access for irrigationBicycles and the informalization of drinking water accessImplications of changing water access for gendered vulnerability and local adaptive capacityNotesReferencesAnnex 4: Vulnerabilities and resilience of local women towards climate change in the Indus basinGender and climate change in the Indus basinStudy locations and methodologyWomen’s perception of climate changeImpact of climate change on women in the upstream basinWomen’s perception of climate change in the mid-stream basinHigh rainfall zone (Tehsil Murree)Medium rainfall zone (Chakri)Low rainfall zone (Tehsil Talagang)Women’s perception of climate change in the downstream basinLearning from women’s vulnerabilities and responses to the changing climateReferences: Climate change, gendered vulnerabilities and resilience in high mountain communities: The case of Upper Rasuwa in Gandaki River Basin, Hindu Kush HimalayasResearch methodology and study areaConceptualizing gendered vulnerabilitiesGender roles and responsibilitiesTranshumance herding, livestock and farmingMigration, social capital, financeTrade and other economic activitiesGendered vulnerabilities, capabilities and adaptationConclusionNotesReferencesII: Adaptation and Wellbeing: Wells and well-being in South India : Gender dimensions of groundwater dependenceContext and methodologyCropping patterns and divisions of labourGendered assetsGoldLivestockBorewells and indebtednessHousehold cooperation, conflict and decision makingFemale-headed householdsGroundwater and gendered well-beingNotesReferences: Gender, migration and environmental change in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta in BangladeshUnpacking migrationGendered migration patternsEnvironmental change and migrationGendered effects of environmental migrationInvestigating migration through a household surveyMigration patterns in BangladeshWho migrates, where, why and for how long?DisplacementEffects of migration on migrant-sending areasFuture environmental change and migrationReferences: Women-headed households, migration and adaptation to climate change in the Mahanadi Delta, IndiaThe Mahanadi DeltaCoastal hazard and migrationHousehold survey: methodology and data analysisWomen-headed households in the Mahanadi DeltaVulnerability and women-headed householdsMigration and women-headed householdsAdaptation and women-headed householdsConclusion: women-headed households in climate changeNotesReferencesAnnexure 9: Gender dynamics and climate variability: Mapping the linkages in the Upper Ganga Basin in Uttarakhand, IndiaFramework and methodologyOverview of the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework – a gendered approachData collection and analysisStudy areaDemographic profileResearch findings and discussionPrevalence of climatic variability in the upper Ganga BasinPeople’s perception of climatic variability and its perceived impactsPerceived climatic variability in the plainsPerceived climatic variability in mid- and high elevationsGendered institutions: the action arenaAction situation 1: accessing water for domestic useAction situation 2: agriculture activitiesExploring gender relation patterns in the three elevationsGendered institutions: dynamic, complex and diverse?Gendered rules, norms and rights: rigid, flexible or fluid?Social relations, position and mobility: inclusive, partially inclusive or exclusive for all?Willingness to learn, evolve and adapt to climatic variability: intrinsic or socially contingent?ConclusionsNoteReferences: Shaping gendered responses to climate change in South AsiaAn evolving gendered framework for climate change researchPower across geographical locations: inter- and intra-household relationsCommunities and gendered impact of climate change: risk management through adaptive strategiesExpanding the fiscal and governance framework in South AsiaBuilding capacities for gendered research in climate change: unpacking methodology and epistemologyReferences