International Trade in Services: Effective Practice and Policy

TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SERVICESCross-border Trade in Services Is Not New!Transportation and LogisticsFinance and InsuranceBibliographyGlobal Trends in the New EconomyThe Continued Growth of Cross-border Trade in ServicesTop Service Exporters to the WorldTypes of Companies Exporting a ServiceEffect on National EconomiesInterlinkages among the Services, Manufacturing, and Agricultural SectorsBibliographyForeign Direct Investment in ServicesFDI Inbound and Outbound Global Trends in ServicesFDI OutboundFDI Flows in Services by Group of EconomiesDeveloped economiesEconomies in transitionDeveloping economiesFDI by Region and Key OpportunitiesAfricaEuropeLatin AmericaNorth AmericaMiddle EastFDI in the Services Sector and Economic ImpactDiscussion for Businesses and PolicymakersBibliographyGUIDE TO EXPORTING A SERVICEIdentifying Market OpportunitiesOpportunity #1: Reciprocal Trade Agreements and Ease of AccessUnited States-Mexico-Canada AgreementOpportunity #2: Government-Funded Services-Based ProjectsU.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)World BankInternational Development Finance Corporation (IDFC)U.S. Department of StateU.S. Department of AgricultureU.S. Department of DefenseU.S. Department of EducationCaribbean Development Bank (CDB)African Development Bank (AfDB)Asian Development Bank (ADB)UK Department for International Development (DFID)European Investment Bank (EIB)BibliographySelecting an Export MarketStep #1: Assess the Company’s Resources and CapabilitiesWhat are the Company’s Strengths?What are the Company’s Weaknesses?What Relevant Opportunities Exist in the International Market?What are the Threats Against My Firm in the International Market?Step #2: Research the MarketStep #3: Trade Facilitation and Capacity BuildingStep #4: Develop a Strategy Appropriate for Your Business and the Export MarketBibliographyUsing Grants and Contracts to Export a ServiceFinding Grants and ContractsProcurement ProcessPutting Together the Expression of InterestThe Components of the Technical ProposalRecommendationsBibliographyUsing E-commerce and Other Digital Technologies to Reach Global MarketsE-CommerceBlockchain TechnologyBriefly on Artificial IntelligenceServices Exports in a Digital EconomyBibliographyPOLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS GOVERNING TRADE IN SERVICESEvolution of the Multilateral Framework for Trade in ServicesBibliographyGeneral Agreement on Trade in ServicesFour Modes of Supply of ServicesGATS CommitmentsGATS Provisions by SectorGATS and Digital TradeObservations and AnalysisAntiguaUnited StatesBibliographyTrade in Services AgreementBibliographyConclusion
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