Balancing the Commons in Switzerland: Institutional Transformations and Sustainable Innovations


Prologue: Why SwitzerlandOstrom’s legacy of robustness and the "Swiss commons lab": Introductory reflections on change and power in commons studiesIntroducing this bookMulti- and interdisciplinary approaches and methodologiesReferencesI Disciplinary approaches and theoretical reflectionsTransformations of common pastures and woodlands in Switzerland: A historical perspectiveHistoriographical starting pointsThe institutional development of the Swiss ‘landscape of commons’ReferencesHow do the commons meet the state? A political science perspectivePublic policies to codify ownership, management, and use of natural resourcesFour modalities of interaction between the commons and the stateConclusionReferencesCommons and peasant studies: Insights from social anthropology, human geography and agrarian economicsA brief look at peasant studiesCommons studies and new institutional economicsCombining New Institutionalism with political geography, economics and ecologyResilience, path dependency and transformational changeThe ‘Swiss commons lab’ and constitutionality:ReferencesScopes and challenges of a huge corporation over time The case of the hCorporation Uri (Canton Uri)Geographic and physiographic framework conditionsFacts and figures on the Korporation Uri today1Remarks on the state of researchThe history of the Corporation and its forests and pasturesNotesReferencesUrban commons in Alpine areas The case of the Biirgergemeinde Chur (Canton Grisons)Transformation of the CorporationTransformation of the forest economyConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesTransformation, diversification, partnerships The case of the Sarnen commoners’ organisations (Canton Obwalden)Spatial characteristics of the regionInstitutional context and history of the Sarnen corporationsTransformational change and diversified coping strategies of the Sarnen corporations in the last decadesAcknowledgementsNotesReferencesWeak commons management, strong identity The case of Val d’Anniviers (Canton Valais)Introduction: geographical and current socio-economic componentsHistorical development of existing organisations and institutionsAdaptations to changes in common forest managementAdaptations to changes in agriculture and alpine pasture managementHow resilient and sustainable are Anniviers’ commoners’ organisations?A fragile balance? The case of pasture and forest management in Olivone (Canton Ticino)The management of the alps: between change and persistenceForest management: from the “omnipresence of wood” to forest transitionConclusions: a fragile balance?NotesReferencesTransformation and diversity Synthesis of the case studiesCommon property in the long term:Common property and power - the theoretical commons literatureBalance with the market in a ‘glocal’ economyLevel of integration into society and balancing with the stateCommoners’ organisations and their resilience
 
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