Table of Contents:

Note

1 The use of the unfortunately established term ‘refugee crisis’ should be resisted as a proper definition of socio-political developments in Europe since 2015. Firstly because it makes the refugees and their human right to escape conflict zones and seek asylum into the problem or, even worse, the cause of the crisis. This promotes scapegoating - a key element of the conspiracist imagination. Secondly, and closely related, such a view deflects attention from the fact that the major reason for the mass arrival of refugees in Europe since 2015 has been a persistent and systematic crisis and warfare in the MENA region caused by the dysfunction of the international system to resolve such crises and the collapse of sound governance in this part of the world.

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