Rural America’s Pathways to College and Career: Steps for Student Success and School Improvement

PrefaceOverview of ChaptersAcknowledgmentsRural America TodayRural Schools: A Hidden CrisisThe Canary in the Coal MineIdle Men in Their PrimeClean Air, No Traffic—and No Future?Rural Poverty and the Loss of Skilled WorkersThe Case of Ticonderoga, New YorkThe 10/10 PhenomenonWhat the Most Important Numbers SayIsolationRural America’s Distrustful Relationship with Higher EducationThe Shrinking Teacher PipelineAnalyzing America’s College Readiness TrendsNascent Strategies for College ReadinessCollege Readiness: Theory Becomes PracticeThe Project’s Second IterationCollege Readiness Strategies Learned from Two Research ProjectsReflection and LearningChange, Whether Urban or Rural, Requires LeadershipCFES Comes to Schools in Central New YorkChange is Possible: A Look at Urban SchoolsThe 100 Percent Campaign: Urban Scholars Raise the BarAcross the Lake: A BeaconThe Case for CollegeClosing the Divide: Cause for OptimismWe Need to Pay Attention to Rural Students, Rural Schools, and Rural CommunitiesConclusionReferencesBuilding Successful Rural Schools: Beating the OddsA Little School That CouldA Troubled PastThe First Step to Transformation: Coming TogetherA Second Ingredient to Success: An Unlikely but Symbiotic PartnerA Critical Step: Rethinking InstructionPedagogical TransformationsStrategyValuesRigorA Kid-Centered CultureExposure to the Bigger WorldCFES Brilliant Pathway Activities at Crown PointGaining and Maintaining ExcellenceBuilding a School of Distinction: It Can Happen AnywhereLeading by Example: Portraits of the Crown Point CommunityMitch St. Pierre: A Bovine Podiatrist by Day, School Board Head by NightSuperintendent Shari BrannockWe Are Family: Three Generations of Crown Point LeadersEmily: The Odds-Beating Ivy LeaguerErick: A First-Generation Student with a 24–7 Work EthicConclusionReferencesThe Essential Skills: Building Blocks of College and Career ReadinessNot Soft, EssentialEssential Skills: A Trademark for Our VisionOur Corporate Partners AgreeThe Essential Skills Beyond College and CareerWhy Only Six Essential Skills?Essential Skill #1: Goal SettingGoal-Setting Activity: Future ReunionIntroductionMaterialsInstructionsDiscussionReflecting and ConnectingGoal-Setting Personified: AngelEssential Skill #2: TeamworkTeamwork Activity: Blind DrawingIntroductionMaterialsInstructionsRulesDiscussionReflecting and ConnectingTeamwork Personified: Greg MuccioEssential Skill #3: LeadershipLeadership Activity: A-MAZE-ing LeadershipIntroductionMaterialsInstructionsRulesVariationsDiscussionReflecting and ConnectingLeadership Personified: Brian FloresEssential Skill #4: AgilityAgility Activity: But Then …IntroductionMaterialsInstructionsDiscussionReflecting and ConnectingAgility Personified: Brett McClelland and Mallory CarpenterEssential Skill #5: PerseverancePerseverance Activity: Mission: It’s PossibleWhat is an Essential Skills Mission?Your Perseverance Mission is to:Remember these Perseverance Tips:Need Some Help Picking a Skill?Perseverance Personified: Kristin ThorpeEssential Skill #6: NetworkingNetworking Activity: Social Media Scavenger HuntIntroductionInstructionsReflecting and ConnectingNetworking Personified: Don OutingHow the Rubric WorksBringing the Essential Skills into a Florida ClassroomBringing the Essential Skills Together: The Power of PeersLeadership Lunches: Peru’s Peer Empowerment ProgramPeer Empowerment Mentoring ProgramBuilding a Peer Mentoring ProgramStep 1: Build Your Leadership TeamStep 2: Define Goals for Your Mentoring ProgramStep 3: Secure Approval and Support from School AdministratorsStep 4: Develop Your Mentoring CalendarStep 5: Select Your Target Mentee GroupStep 6: Design Your Mentor ApplicationStep 7: Train MentorsStep 8: Plan ActivitiesStep 9: Plan a KickoffStep 10: Mentor–Mentee SessionsTips for Adult Leaders: Take the Back Seat• Rule #1: Listen• Rule #2: Be There, Be Approachable, and Be Supportive• Rule #3: Think of Us as a Team• Rule #4: Have Patience, Believe in Student LeadershipConclusionReferencesCollege- and Career-Readiness Advisors: Navigators to a New WorldThe Power of College- and Career-Readiness AdvisingThe Rural TrapJon: Too Late, Too OverwhelmingSinead: No One to HelpObstacles to Advancement in Rural AmericaCFES’ Strategy: College- and Career-Readiness AdvisorsAn Unlikely College- and Career-Readiness AdvisorStudy Confirms the Value of College- and Career-Readiness AdvisorsAdvising the Advisors: Training CCR AdvisorsThe Impact of College- and Career-Readiness Advisors on Schools: Principals’ PerspectivesCollege- and Career-Readiness Advising Success StoriesDrew Malone: From Rural Kid to TV ProducerNatan Arrazate: A Journey of Resilience and GrowthWorkshop for College- and Career-Readiness Advisor Training: A Sample Schedule for Virtual TrainingSession 1: Opening (Live)Session 2: The Value of MentoringSession 3: Essential Skills™Session 4: College Readiness and Paying for CollegeSession 5: Career ReadinessSession 6: Topics of TodaySession 7: Closing (Live)ConclusionReferencesBusiness Collaboration and Job Readiness: How to Find, Launch, and Retain PartnershipsBuilding a Community of Supporters: Examples of Rural School–Business PartnershipsWhere Are the Partners?Finding Business—and Other—PartnersShowing Rural Students the World: How Partners Can HelpCollege Consortia: Envisioning College LifeBringing Urban Initiatives to Rural CommunitiesAn Urban Partnership Sparks a Rural Mentoring ProgramThe Impact of the Rural Mentoring ProgramCollege MAP Modules: An Example of a Program that WorksJunior YearSeptember: OrientationOctober: Success Starts with Each StudentNovember: College KnowledgeDecember: Major MatchJanuary: College MatchFebruary: Financial AwarenessMarch: Making It RealApril: University Campus VisitMay: Senior Summer Game PlanJune, July, August: Preparing for Senior YearSenior YearSeptember: Back in the GameOctober: Small Liberal Arts/Community College Campus VisitNovember: Application WorkshopDecember: CheckpointJanuary: Financial Aid WorkshopFebruary: Leadership Career PanelMarch: College Knowledge—The Real DealApril: The Final DecisionMay: CulminationOpening Up the World of Work: Another Benefit of School–Business PartnershipsAviation Day with Southwest AirlinesDentaQuest: Promoting Dental Health and Dental CareersCareer Fairs: Bringing Businesses and Students TogetherSchool-Embedded Career ActivitiesPartners Everywhere: The Power of Online PartnershipsHow to Grow Partnerships: Starting, Maintaining, Sustaining, Retaining and StrengtheningStartingMaintaining and SustainingRetaining and StrengtheningConclusionReferencesBuilding Readiness for CollegeCollege Readiness Starts EarlyThe Mental Journey Toward College ReadinessThe CFES Scholar MapThe CFES College-Readiness RubricThe College-Readiness Rubric in ActionJulie’s Journey: Kentucky to HarvardHow to Help Students Become College Ready: A Practical To-Do ListTips for Grades 6–8Tips for Grade 9Tips for Grade 10Tips for Grade 11Tips for Grade 12College Partnerships: A Critical Support for Rural StudentsSix Ways Colleges Can Partner with StudentsWhat Colleges Can Teach Students About College ReadinessMentoring PartnershipsCollege Visits and MeetingsSummer PartnershipsAcademic PartnershipsComprehensive PartnershipsThe Day College Teachers Became BelieversPartnerships Between College and High School Faculty: Teaching and LearningBuilding a College PartnershipAn Impactful Partnership for All (from Dalton, 1990)How to Kill a PartnershipConclusionReferencesLeveraging Technology: Expanding Rural OpportunitiesThe Digital Divide: How Broad Is It?Can Online Learning Solve Problems Faced by Rural Schools?Rural Schools That Are Leading the Digital Teaching and Learning RevolutionThe Rural School that Could: How Beekmantown Conquered the Education Crisis Created by COVID-19Choosing the Right Online Platform for Students, Teachers, and ParentsTransforming the Rural Northeast Kingdom into a Virtual OneEveryone Can Get Online. So Why Aren’t They Logging On?The Importance of Establishing a Pre-Existing Online RelationshipLessons from Higher EducationThe Pedagogy of Online LearningWhy Some Students Thrive Online While Others Fail—and How Teachers Can HelpA Return to Rural: Students Coming Back Home to Live and WorkA Former Google Exec to Rural College Graduates: Come on HomeRural Brain Gain: A Young Entrepreneur Moves Home to Launch a Tech StartupConclusionReferencesStaying in College: Solving Rural America’s Dropout CrisisThe Challenge of Family Buy-InCultural ClashFalling into the Dropout AbyssCollege Retention Starts in High SchoolSenior Survivors: Preparing for College SuccessWhat Students Need to Know Before Getting to CampusGetting the Most out of Class (Lambert, 2011)Note-Taking BasicsOrganizationActive ListeningStay EngagedAsk QuestionsTeam UpSmart Study Skills: Work Smarter, Not HarderRead StrategicallyTime Management and Work–Life Balance: Another Set of Critical Skills (Lambert, 2011)Priority Setting and Time ManagementCoping with StressDropping Out: Where to Plug the Leak?Lehigh University: Extra Help for First-Generation StudentsBerea College: Supporting Appalachian YouthUniversity of Georgia: Helping Rural Students Transition to College LifeConclusionReferencesBuilding STEM Interest, Awareness, and Readiness: The Future is NowBeating the OddsLittle Obstacles Multiply: Why STEM is a Hard Choice for Rural StudentsFewer Rural Medical Students = Fewer Rural DoctorsWhy STEM Matters for Rural CommunitiesCultivating STEM-Ready Students: What WorksGeneral Principles for Building STEM AwarenessCFES STEM ResourcesBringing Science to StudentsLaunching Rural Careers in EngineeringBuilding Health Care Interest and Awareness“Batman” Builds Interest in STEMAnnual STEM Week for Rural StudentsSuccess Stories: Ten Rural Students Who Became STEM ProfessionalsBilly, EngineerChris, EngineerClare, NurseDana, Mechanical EngineerMatt, GeologistPete, Fish BiologistPhil, Math TeacherSophie, Test Operations EngineerTara, Emergency ResponderYuki, EnvironmentalistSTEM Activities to Educate and InspireConclusionReferencesPaying for College: There’s Help Out ThereFour Students, Four Journeys, Four LessonsCost: Moving in the Wrong DirectionEducating Students on Paying for CollegeThe Clark Scholarship: A Gift to Central New YorkA Rural Community Invests in Its College StudentsCollege Savings and Investment Strategies for Students and Families: Advice from Someone Who’s Been ThereFinancial Aid Myths and Reality: What Students (and Their Supporters) Need to KnowCrunching the Numbers: Deciphering Financial Aid AwardsA Glossary of Financial Aid TermsComponents of the Financial Aid PackageHow to Read a Financial Aid PackageDeciphering and Comparing Financial Aid OffersFinancial Aid Comparison CalculatorManny’s Journey: From First-Generation Student to Financial Aid ExpertA Long Road to College and Learning How to Pay for It: As Told by Manny TejedaConclusionReferencesReference
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