Table of Contents:


In Chapter 1, we have presented concepts that derive from a focus on experience in research, observation, analytic treatment, and theory: seeking, three pathways for development, an underlying affect tone, the role of a developing ambiance between analyst and analysand, and the effect of shaming on identity. We believe that an integration and synthesis of these concepts offers an enlivened narrative of many aspects of human motivation, development, and implicit and explicit human experience.


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Beebe. B., Jaffe, J., Markese, S., Buck. K., Chen. H„ Cohen, P... Feldstein, S. (2010). The origins of 12-month attachment: a microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant interaction. Attachment and Human Development, 12: 3-141.

Beebe, B. and Lachmann, F. (2002). Infant research and adult treatment: Coconstructing interactions. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Bower, T. (1971). The object in the world of the infant. Scientific American., 225: 30-38.

Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss. Vol. 2 Separation. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Clinical applications of attachment theory.

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Brazelton, T.B. (1980). New knowledge about the infant from current research: Implications for psychoanalysis. Presented to the American Psychoanalytic Association, San Francisco, May 3.

Brazelton, T.B. and Als, H. (1979). Four early stages in the development of mother-infant-interaction. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 34: 349-371.

Bruner, J. and Sherwood, V. (1980). Thought, language, and interaction in infancy.

Presented to the First World Congress on Infant Psychiatry, Portugal, March 30-April 3.

Bucci, W. (1957). Psychoanalysis and cognitive science: A multiple code theory. New York. NY: Guilford Press.

Call. J. (1980). Some prelinguistic aspects of language development. Journal of American Psychoanalytic Association, 28: 259-290

Carpenter, G. (1974). Mother's face and the newborn. New Scientist, 61: 742.

Condon, W., and Sander, L. (1972). Neonate movement is synchronized with adult speech. Science, 183: 99-101.

DeCasper, A.J. and Fifer, W.P. (1980). Of human bonding: newborns prefer their mother's voices. Science. New Series, 208 (4448): 1174-1176.

Eimas, P.D., Siqueland, E.R., Jusczyk, P., and Vigorito, J. (1971). Speech preparation in infants. Science, New Series, 171 (3968): 303-306.

Gallese, V. and Goldman, A. (1998). Mirror neurons and the simulation theory of mind-reading. Elsevier Science. Trends in Cognitive Science, 2(12): 493-501.

Hamlin, J.K., Wynn, K., and Bloom, P. (2007). Social evaluaton by preverbal infants. Nature, 450: 557-560

Hamlin, J.K., Wynn, K., and Bloom, P. (2010). Three-month-olds show a negativity bias in their social interactions. Developmental Science, 13 (6): 923-929.

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Kohut, H. ( 1971 ). An analysis of the self: A systematic approach to the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality’ disorder. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lichtenberg, J. (1973). Book review: The analysis ofself by Heinz Kohut. Bulletin Philadelphia Association of Psychoanalysis, 23: 58-66.

Lichtenberg, J. (1981). The empathic mode of perception and alternative vantage points for psychoanalytic work. Psychoanalytic Inquiry’, 1(3) 329-355.

Lichtenberg, J. (1989a). Psychoanalysis and Motivation. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press

Lichtenberg, J. (1989b). Psychoanalytic theory is a many splendored thing: A discussion of discussions. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 9 (4): 586-603.

Lichtenberg, J. (1991). What is SelfObject? Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 1:455—479.

Lichtenberg, J. (2008). Sensuality’ and sexuality’ across the divide of shame. New' York: The Analytic Press.

Lichtenberg, J., Lachmann, E, and Fossage, J. (1989). Psychoanalysis and motivation. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Lichtenberg, J., Lachmann, E, and Fosshagem J. (1992). Self and motivational systems. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Lichtenberg, J., Lachmann, E, and Fosshage, J. (1996). The clinical exchange: Technique from the standpoint of self and motivational systems. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Lichtenberg, J., Lachmann, E, and Fosshage, J. (2011). Psychoanalysis and motivational systems: A new look. New York, NY: Routledge

Lichtenberg, J., Lachmann, E, and Fosshage, J. (2017). Narrative and meaning : The foundation of mind, creativity’ and the psychoanalytic dialogue. New' York, NY: Routledge.

Lichtenberg, J. and Thielst, S. (2018). From autism and mutism to an enlivened self - a case narrative with reflections on early development. London: Routledge.

Main, M. (1995). Recent studies in attachment: Overview', with selected implications for clinical work. In S. Goldberg, R. Muir, and J. Kerr (Eds.), Attachment Theory: Social, developmental and clinical perspectives, pp. 407-470. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, Inc.

Morrison, A. (1989). Shame: The underside of narcissism. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

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Schulz, R. PhD. Gauthier, I. PhD, Klin. A. PhD, Fulbright, R. MD, Anderson, A. PhD, Voklmar, F. MD, Skudlarski, P. PhD, Lacadie, C. BS, Cohen, D. MD, and Gore, J. PhD. (2000). Abnormal ventral temporal cortical activity during face discrimination among individuals with Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 57: 331-340.

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Stern, D. (1990). Diary of a baby: What your child sees, feels, and experiences. New York, NY: Basic Books.

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Winnicott, D.W. (1956). Primary maternal preoccupation through paediatrics to psychoanalysis. London: Hogarth.

Winnicott, D.W. (1958). The capacity to be alone. International Journal of Psychoanalysis., 39: 416-420.

Winnicott, D.W. (1965). The maturational processes and the facilitating environment: Studies in the theory of emotional development. International Psycho-Analytic Library’, 64: 1-276. London: The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

Wright, J. and Panksepp J. (2012). An evolutionary framework to understand foraging, wanting, and desire: The neuropsychology of the SEEKING system. Neuropsychoanalysis, 14(1).

Chapter 2

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