To achieve a smart city, the following key requirements must be met:

  • 1. Smart Buildings: These are buildings that have integrated systems for managing parts and equipment of the building accurately and quickly and efficiently [8].
  • 2. Smart Infrastructure: Smart city application does not depend on the establishment of its vehicles above or underground. Rather, it depends on the identification of additional costs related to subsequent modifications, such as the installation of a layer of sensors and peripherals, which may be directly connected to the Internet and the Internet of things (IoT) [9].
  • 3. Smart Networks: The main component of smart cities is the transfer and exchange of data and information between individuals and institutions through applications and networks vary between wired networks, including optical fiber, which is characterized by its enormous data transmission capacity and also a digital subscriber line DSL network that relies on regular telephone lines. There is also wireless Wi-Fi [10].
  • 4. Being Able to Achieve the Internet of Things (IoT): The IoT is the

use of the Internet to deliver things that generally have the ability to connect to the Internet to send, receive, analyze data and organize the relationship between them in such a way as to perform the required functions and control them through the network [11].

  • 5. Global City and Multi-Ethnicity: Successful smart cities are built on diversity, and talented and creative people prefer to live in cities that are diverse and tolerant and open-minded, stimulating the exchange of ideas and applications of information and encourage the flow of knowledge, allowing the introduction of new ideas that support continuous innovation [12].
  • 6. Smart Waste Management: It works to reduce waste, classify its types from the source, and develop proper treatment methods. These systems can be used to convert waste into a resource and create circular economies. This is through relying on electronic baskets programmed by a type of waste to facilitate their collection and use at the lowest cost [13].
  • 7. Smart Energy Management: Smart grid means gathering information from big power plants to substations on all power grid poles. Once the data is collected and analyzed, power plants can accurately know what is going on in grid networks before it hits the customer, and the generators can be precisely connected to the demand [14].
  • 8. Smart Water Management: It disseminates knowledge and shares it with all stakeholders in water management, as well as making available a variety of ICT resources and infrastructure to build a water management system that exploits aquatic ecosystems in a way that is not prejudicial to social, economic, or environmental sustainability [15].
  • 9. Smart Education: The concept of education refers to the need to leant and apply the principles of ICT in order to make a qualitative leap in the way of learning and teaching, as technical solutions such as virtual learning, digital technologies, and augmented reality change the way individuals leant. Integrated, unrestricted self- education also offers education for all (EFA) opportunities, thanks to data and analysis techniques that contribute to the transformation of digital content-based learning in the classroom into learning through experimentation in the world around the learner [16].
  • 10. Electronic Health Care: It consists of the following elements [17]: [1]
  • • Electronic medical records.
  • • Health technology innovations.
  • 11. Dependence on Digital Automation at Work: Work in smart cities relies on the use of digital automation, where activities that cannot be shortened by rules or algorithms are based on the human element. Although computers, according to strictly defined operations, are focused on the processing of information. This frees workers, leaving the tedious work of computers, towards more imaginative and exciting activities.
  • 12. Smart City Standards should be Included in Local Authorities’ Procurement/Purchasing of Services: By emphasizing civil and regional aspirations in procurement standards, suppliers can be motivated to invest in smart solutions that contribute to local goals [18].
  • 13. Cybersecurity, Information Protection, and System Flexibility: There are several ways to target security attacks and the infiltration of smart city networks. Malware, attack interruption, embezzlement of sent information, impersonation, and internal hackers [19] are the most important. By the full use of available information on threats and computer security incident response resources, situations and expertise at the city level should be established [20].

  • [1] Mobile and virtual health care services. • Online preventive health sendees. • National e-health systems: Is responsible for the issuance ofnational electronic medical records on a continuous basis and inaccordance with local health care systems approved.
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