Big Data and Its Role in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: Experiences of Leading Organizations
KAMEL MAIOUF and ACHOUR MEZRIG
The technological revolution that the world is witnessing in recent times and in various fields led to the emergence of the term big data, where this concept is one of the concepts that the leading global organizations (Face- book, Google, Amazon) seek to pay attention to it widely, especially with the huge profits it makes. Big data can be adopted to achieve the well-being of societies and benefit them in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through their use in many areas such as energy, education, and health. This study aims to provide the contribution of big data to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals under the head of the leading organizations in this field.
Globally, the big data technology market and related services are expected to grow at a rate of about seven times faster than the ICT market as a whole. According to Gartner, a leading IT research company: Big data is now at a peak in inflation, and it is expected to reach the productive peak about 5 to 10 years, after a few years of cloud computing.
Big data imposed itself as a new reality as a result of technological developments, which made it possible to know the quality of data that was not available in the past. What was accompanied by this technological explosion is the emergence of modem technological media, social media, and various applications that have made it possible to know huge data in each area. Most of the leading business organizations (Google, Facebook, and Amazon) have paid wide attention to this data due to their profits. It should be mentioned that the use of big data does not concern only the business area, but extends to many other areas including energy, education, and health.
Big data can be adopted to achieve the well-being of communities, their use in providing aid to vulnerable groups, and new sources of data and new technologies. If implemented effectively and responsibly, it can contribute to sustainable development goals. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the following question:
How can big data contribute to achieving Sustainable Development
Goals in order to lead business organizations?