Language Variation and Language Change Across the Lifespan: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives f


I: Revelations from Past Trend and Panel StudiesII: Insights in the Analysis of Intra-Speaker(In)StabilityIII: A Glimpse from the Past: Panel Research from Archival MaterialIV: New Methodological Approaches for Lifespan StudiesReferencesI: Revelations from Past Trend and Panel StudiesThe Beginnings of Panel Research: Individual Language Variation, Change, and Stability in EskilstunaIntroductionData and Methods in Early Panel ResearchThe Eskilstuna CommunityThe Informant PoolSocioeconomic StatusIntegration IndexSocial MobilityThe Conversational InterviewsThe Linguistic VariablesFrequency and Geographical DistributionSociolinguistic SalienceAnalysis and ResultsAgeGenderSocioeconomic StatusSocial MobilityDiscussionConclusionNotesReferencesAlignment of Individuals with Community Trends: Subjects from the PortugueseIntroductionData and MethodologyThe Pronominal System of Brazilian PortugueseChanges Across the Lifespan and Across the CommunityThe Loss of Null Referential SubjectsThe Loss of Third-Person Accusative CliticSubject-Verb AgreementConclusionsNotesReferencesStylistic Variation in Panel Studies of Language Change: Challenge and OpportunityIntroductionStylistic Variation as a Challenge for Panel Studies of Linguistic Change: Exemplifications FischerThe Lanchart StudyMy Work on Guyanese CreoleThe Foxy Boston and Tinky Gates Series of InterviewsStylistic Variation as an Opportunity for Panel Studies of Change: «Solutions»Ghyselen's Solution: Five SettingsThe LANCHART Discourse Context AnalysisTopic Analysis as Another SolutionSummary and ConclusionNotesReferencesII: Insights in the Analysis of Intra-Speaker (In)StabilityIndividual and Group Trajectories Across Adulthood in a Sample of Utah English SpeakersIntroductionData Source and PanelResultsLow Back MergerOnset (wh)DiscussionConclusionsNotesReferencesAccent Reversion in Older Adults: Evidence from the Queen's Christmas BroadcastsIntroductionMethods MaterialsData Preparation and AnalysisResultsDiscussionSummary and ConclusionsReferencesIII: A Glimpse of the Past: Panel Research from Archival MaterialExploiting Convention: Lifespan Change and Generational Incrementation in the Development of Cleft ConstructionsIntroductionBackgroundCorpus and Data CollectionSocial Propagation and Individual ChangeInformation StructureClefts: Definition and UsageResultsInformation Status of Cleft FocusInformation Status of the Cleft TopicInformative PresuppositionDiscussionConclusionNotesReferencesCorpus-Based Lifespan Change in Late Middle EnglishIntroductionMethodologyCorpus and InformantsLinguistic Variable: ⟨th⟩Results and Analytical InterpretationApparent-Time StudyReal-Time. Trend and Panel StudyIntra-Speaker VariationConclusionNotesReferencesIV: New Methodological Approaches for Lifespan StudiesExploring the Effect of Linguistic Architecture and Heuristic Method in Panel AnalysisIntroductionLanguage ChangeData and MethodsThe Realisation of (ing)The Realisation of (t)QuotationQuantitative AnalysisResultsDiscussion and ConclusionNotesReferencesLoss of Historical Phonetic Contrast across the Lifespan: Articulatory, Lexical, and Social Effects on Sound Change in SwabianIntroductionResearch BackgroundData and MethodologyThe Panel CorpusSpeakersTranscriptionsFormant FrequenciesSwabian OrientationStatistical ModellingExample AnalysisAnalysis and ResultsLifespan ChangePhonetic ChangeInteraction Effects of Change in ProgressDiscussionNotesReferencesDeconfounding the Effects of Competition and Attrition on Dialect across the Lifespan: A Panel Study Investigation of SwabianIntroductionThe HypothesesThe Current StudyData and MethodsSwabian CorpusSocial PredictorsTypes and TokensVocabulary GrowthStatistical MethodsAnalysis and ResultsVocabulary GrowthOrientation and Lexical ChoiceIndividual Patterns of ChangeWord FrequencyConcluding RemarksNotesReferencesV: Future Directions for Panel ResearchWhat's the Point of Panel Studies?Expand the linguistic and geographic reachTest the Uniformitarian Principle on individualsEmploy a wider range of theories and methodsKeep style at the forefrontEstablish a common terminologyClarify what we mean by “change” in post-adolescenceConclusionNotesReferences