Action Plan

The project team, with stakeholder input, created a concise and focused action plan for the Greenprint. The Island Leadership Team asked TPL, ОНА and other partners working on 0‘ahu to take the following steps:


  • 1. Protect important, land, water and resources as identified on the Greenprint maps using voluntary land conservation tools (e.g. purchase, conservation easements, donations)
  • 2. Develop a sustainable strategy for updating the Greenprint data. This strategy could include:

a. Re-evaluate the maps yearly to determine if there is new data to be added.

b. Do an updated survey every five to eight years and update the maps to reflect changes in knowledge/priorities by 0‘ahu residents.

3. Explore how the advancement of the Greenprint goals can reduce impacts to 0‘ahu from climate change.

4. Use Greenprint data to nominate lands for protection for existing city, state, and federal funding sources and mechanisms.


  • 1. Empower partners to utilize the online mapping portal and maps. TPL to offer mapping portal training sessions.
  • 2. Present the Greenprint at relevant forums, such as the Hawai‘i Conservation Conference.
  • 3. TPL to present Greenprint findings to governmental entities, commissions, and other conservation partners such as the City and County of Honolulu, Clean Water and Natural Land Commission, State Legacy Land Conservation Commission, and the Board of Land and Natural Resources Chair.
  • 4. TPL to brief relevant agencies/commissions on how to use the maps through training sessions.
  • 5. TPL and ОНА to meet periodically to discuss ways to continue to implement the Greenprint.
  • 6. Continue to develop and maintain healthy relationships with the owners and managers of threatened, privately owned land and resources, and identify willing landowners for voluntary fee simple acquisition or conservation easements.
  • 7. Continue to consult with practitioners and cultural leaders regarding the conservation of lands identified on the Greenprint Cultural and Historic places map.
  • 8. Educate and seek more buy-in from political/government leaders regarding Greenprint and voluntary land conservation tools.
  • 9. Offer technical support to community groups so they can use and/or refine Greenprint maps for their communities.
  • 10. Be prepared to respond flexibly to community land conservation initiatives, such as submitting letters of support for appropriate projects that will advance Greenprint goals.

Raise Awareness

Continue to conduct outreach to stakeholders and the public to raise awareness of the Greenprint; the importance of conservation to preserving our unique local heritage on O[1]ahu; and ensure proactive community action related to the value and need to protect and revitalize critical agricultural, cultural, historic, natural, and recreational lands and places.

  • 2. Engage specific communities and landowners where there are known land conservation and water protection struggles to educate and determine whether voluntary land conservation is an option.
  • 3. Offer tours of the most threatened areas/sites where permitted by landowner.
  • 4. Use social media to disseminate information related to the Olahu Greenprint.
  • 5. Spread the word about what individuals can do to assist in the implementation of the Greenprint including donating or presenting the Greenprint to community groups.
  • 6. Where feasible, take maps to communities (such as individual ahupua’a or moku) to empower individuals and communities. The Greenprint at this scale may assist when communities review development plans, sustainable community plans, etc. Through this effort each community can collaborate around important lands for protection.

Increase Funding

  • 1. Actively encourage city, county, and state legislature to increase funding for conservation.
  • 2. TPL to discuss funding resources to leverage with relevant smaller organizations.
  • 3. Discuss and determine appropriate methods for financing conservation projects in the mapped priority areas. These methods may include:

a. Local family and community foundation grants

b. Local and state dedicated conservation funds (state and county)

c. Federal grants

d. Other sources

e. Tax benefits of voluntary conservation of land

In addition to driving strategic and expanded conservation efforts throughout the island, the Greenprint can inspire residents to get more involved in local decision making about lands, join their local land trust, visit protected lands more often, or volunteer their time to help steward existing conserved land.


In light of the development pressures facing the island today, this Greenprint comes at an important turning point for the island. The people of Olahu have spoken, and this Greenprint can express their collective desire to protect culturally, historically, or environmentally sensitive areas; increase awareness about resources in need of protection; and strengthen the special relationship residents have with these island landscapes.


1 This text was adapted from an original report authored by: Kelley Hart, Director of Planning, Conservation Vision, The Trust for Public Land; Bob Heuer, Associate GIS Director, The Trust for Public Land; Sherri Hiraoka, Senior Planner, Townscape, Inc.; Lea Hong, Hawaiian Islands State Director, The Trust for Public Land; Katherine Jones, Program Manager, Conservation Vision, The Trust for Public Land; Laura Kaakua, Native Lands Project Manager, The Trust for Public Land; Koa Kaulukukui, Pohaku Kihi, Kanawai

Pili Nohona a me Na Pono ‘Oiwi Counsel for Environmental Law and Native Rights, Office of Hawaiian Affairs; Mitchel Hannon, GIS Program Manager, The Trust for Public Land; Kaimo Muhlestein, 'Aho Kuahui Pu’ulu Huliamahi Community Outreach Coordinator, Office of Hawaiian Affairs; Kamoa Quitevas, Land, Ka Рои Какой Noi'i ‘Ike Kupuna, Paia Kane, Land Culture and History Research Manager, Office of Hawaiian Affairs; Steve Rafferty, Project Manager, The Trust for Public Land; Leslie Uptain, State Director of Philanthropy, Hawai'i, The Trust for Public Land.

  • 2 The Trust for Public Land (TPL) and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (ОНА) gratefully acknowledge the individuals and organizations that contributed their time, energy, and ideas toward the creation of the Greenprint for O'ahu. Approximately 1200 people visited the Greenprint booths at SpeakOuts, more than 900 people completed the Greenprint survey, and more than 25 people participated in interviews. Those who attended the Island Leadership Team meetings supervised and guided the Greenprint. The Technical Advisory Team provided scientific and technical expertise to assist the Island Leadership Team in development of the Greenprint.
  • 3 The Trust for Public Land gratefully acknowledges the following supporters for their generous contributions to this project: Atherton Larnily Foundation, Harold K.L. Castle Loundation, Marisla Lund of the Hawaii Community Foundation, The Office of Hawaiian Affairs.
  • 4 Note: in the North Shore Greenprint, this value was called “Protect Natural Habitats for Plants and Animals.”


Anthony, Stephen S., Charles D. Hunt, Jr., Anne M.D. Brasher, Lisa D. Miller, and Michael S. Tomlinson 2004. “Water Quality on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1999-2001—Circular 1239”: 2.

Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, Research and Economic Analysis Division 2012. "Population and Economic Projections for the State of Hawaii to 2040”: 1. Accessed January 22, 2020, 02/2040-long-range-forecast.pdf.

Hart, Kelley, Bob Heuer, Sherri Hiraoka, Lea Hong, Katherine Jones, Laura Kaakua, Koa Kaulukukui, Pohaku Kihi, Kanawai Pili Nohona a me Na Pono ‘Oiwi, Mitchel Hannon, Kaimo Muhlestein, ‘Aho Kuahui Pu’ulu Huliamahi, Kamoa Quitevas, Ka Рои Какой Noi'i ‘Ike Kupuna, Paia Kane, Steve Rafferty, and Leslie Uptain. 2015. “Linding Balance between Development and Conservation I The O’ahu Greenprint”: 8. default/files/files_upload/OGPR_WEB_PRF3_FINAL.pdf.

Homer, C., J. Dewitz, L. Yang, S. Jin, P. Danielson, G. Xian, J. Coulston, N. Herold, J. Wickham, and K. Megown 2015. “Completion of the 2011 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States—representing a decade of land cover change information, Photogram metric Engineering and Remote Sensing,” Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD, 81: 345-353. - nlcd2011.

Office of Planning—Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism, in cooperation with the Department of Agriculture, State of Hawaii 2012. “Increased Food Security and Food Self-Sufficiency Strategy”: ii. INCREASED_FOOD_SECURITY_AND_FOOD_SELF_SUFFICIENCY_STRATEGY.pdf.

11 Native Land

  • [1] Develop and deliver outreach toolkit around the Greenprint. The toolkit couldinclude: a. Powerpoint presentation or video; b. Information about the benefits of land conservation, available tools forpreserving critical lands, and tax incentives for private landowners; c. Information about the work of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, The Trust forPublic Land, and the role of voluntary land conservation on O1ahu; and d. Information about projects completed with willing landowners.
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