Britain and Its Neighbours: Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Medieval and Early Modern Europe


FiguresMapsTablesContributorsAcknowledgementsNotesWayland the Smith and the Massacre of the Innocents: Pagan-Christian 'amalgamation' on the Anglo-Saxon Franks CasketThe front side of Franks Casket - Wayland's Revenge and the Adoration of the MagiHow can Jesus be linked to Wayland?The Massacre of the InnocentsWayland, the Anglo-Saxon HerodNotesThe permeating presence of practices: Northwest English and Manx ecclesiastical sites with Viking-Age furnished burials and sculpturePrying apart practicesConsidering the contextStudying the stoneExtrapolating from the evidenceConclusions and contemplationsNotesBetween continental models, a Christian message, and a Scandinavian audience: Early examples of the image of 'Christ trampling the Beasts' in the British IslesIntroduction: images of Christ and the BeastsContinental links: occidental models and British imagesScandinavian links: pagan mythology and Christian messagesInternational links: influences and imports from across the seasNotesSilver threads: How Scandinavian Scotland connected with a wider economic worldEconomic anthropologySilver and market commerce in Scandinavian ScotlandSilver: commodity money for a long-distance ageMarket currencies: the Baltic and Southern Scandinavian ModelTransfer to Ireland and BritainMarket economy in Scandinavian ScotlandConclusionsNotesThe problem of Manx: Norse linguistic evidence for the survival of Manx Gaelic in the Scandinavian periodIntroductionSurvival or extinction, and the limits to place-name evidenceHistorical linguistic evidence: beyond the place-namesLinguistic theories: extinction or survival?Pre-occlusion: Kenneth Jackson's fugitive unexploded dLoanwords and their semanticsConclusionAppendix: Old Norse loanwords in ManxNotesLegal custom and Lex Castrensis?: Using law and literature to navigate the North-Sea neighbourhood in the late Viking AgeIntroductionLex Castrensis and establishing Knútr's international legal legacyKnútr's approach to Viking-Age problemsLex Castrensis: a fictionalised solution to a factual Viking-Age problem?Knútr's punitive attitude and a case for legal exchange in the late Viking AgeLiterary approaches to the customary law of the late Viking AgeNotesRing-fencing the gardinum?: European romance to British reality of the thirteenth-century Caernarfon Castle garden and parkIntroductionCaernarfon Castle: Queen's GateRing-fencing the medieval garden definition?The garden below Queen's GateEleanor de Castile's gardens: European romance to British realityThe 'Little Park' below Queen's GateQueen's Gate and an elite processional wayConclusionNotesAlbany and the poets: John Stuart, Duke of Albany, and the transfer of ideas between Scotland and the continent, 1509-1536Pierre Gringore's Abus du Monde for James IV, c.1509Macé de Villebresme's Epistres du Turc and the fortifications at Dunbar, 1515-1523Bremond Domat, genealogy, and military ambition in the Hague Manuscript, 1518Domat, the Liber Pluscardensis, and the Sainte Chapelle at Vic-le-Comte, 1519-1529A sketch by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and a eulogy by Desmontiers, c.1525-1538Blood and vellum: Albany's promotion of the Boulogne and d'Auvergne lineageConclusionNotesAnglo-Swiss relations in the seventeenth century: Religion, refuge, and reliefNotesFashioning an expanding English world: Commerce, curiosities, and coastal profiles from Edward Barlow's 1668 voyage to Italian port citiesEnglish shipping to the Mediterranean and Italian shores, 1660sEdward Barlow: an eyewitness to historyEdward Barlow's 1668-1669 Mediterranean cruiseConclusionNotes'England is not a kingdom located on the Moon': Use and usefulness of English knowledge in early modern Swedish agricultural literatureIntroductionTranslation as appropriationJacob Serenius and The English Husbandman and Shepherd (1727)The kingdom not located on the moon: calendar and climateThe confusing case of the colon symbol: units of measurementsThings not useful other than in England? Knowledge and statusReinerus Broocman and A Complete Book of Swedish Husbandry (1736)Broocman, Serenius, and the problem of measurementsSeaweed and clay: from England to Sweden through EuropeThe usefulness of English agricultural knowledge in Swedish books of husbandry and agricultureEpilogueNotesAn honoured guest: The 1764 journeys across Piedmont of Prince Edward, Duke of York and AlbanyIntroductionReading the reports: Prince Edward's journeys and stays in PiedmontThe first journey (10 February-7 March 1764)The second journey (10-27 July 1764)Prince Edward in Piedmont: a case studyA critical interpretation of Prince Edward's journeys: strategies of appearance and 'Shortcut-Diplomacy' between Britain and Italy in the second half of the eighteenth centuryNotesFurther Reading
 
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