The Transformation of Religious Orders in Central and Eastern Europe:Sociological Insights


AcknowledgementsNotesReferencesChanges in religious life since the 1970s in quantitative terms - situation in the CEE countries in the context of global transformationsIntroductionGlobal perspectiveEuropean perspectiveChanges in Central and Eastern European countriesChanges in the number of religious - explanatory hypothesesConclusionsReferencesClericalisation and the search for identity in Roman Catholic religious institutes in Poland at the turn of the 21st centuryBetween a religious brother and a priest: historical format and contemporary challengesInstitutional perspective on being a religious brother and a religious priestFrom unrest to decision - the situation of religious brothers in Poland since the 1960sCast study of a Cistercian community in JędrzejówConclusionNotesFemale religious congregations in Poland in the face of changes from Communism to the transformation period (1945-2000)IntroductionIn the Communist stateReligious life in the democratic stateConclusionNotesReferencesThe economy of Polish monasteries: Between the charismatic and routinisation stageMaterial and methodologyShort presentation of monasteries studiedCharacteristics of the economy of monasteries in PolandEconomy and monasticism: a general introductionThe specific situation of Polish monasteries in post-communist EuropeEconomy of Polish monasteries: factors of quotidianisationForms of economy and work in Polish monasteriesWork-prayer balance in monastic lifeAn economy based on pastoral activities: monastic religious goodsIdentifying economic products in Polish monasteries?Between the charismatic and routinisation stageA new orientation in monastic activities: return to the monasteryConclusionNotesReferencesThe reinvention of tradition: The moral economy of monastic life in the Czech RepublicIntroductionTheory: moral economy enlargedMethodology: research on the dialogical relationship between the monastic and other worldsThe outside world(s)The monastic worldsMonasteries: presentation of three selected placesBřevnov MonasteryBroumov MonasteryVenio Community (Komunita Venio)Regions of contactMonasteries as cultural heritageExcultured perception of monasteriesAdministration of cultural monuments as the starting point for new relationsBřevnov: the monastery as a public spaceVenio Community: administration of a cultural monument as a spiritual vocationMonastic economyInnovativenessPatrimonialism and stewardship of the regionSpirit of enterpriseInnovation of monastic values and spiritualitiesOpenness and humanity: a place for meetingMeditation and culture: a place for new spiritualitySummary: Is monasticism the means for a sustainable life?ConclusionNotesReferencesNew Monastic Communities in PolandIntroductionNew and traditional monasticism - a dialectical relationshipNMCs suffer from monasticism's lack of socialisationNMCs initiate ‘do-it-yourself experimentsNMCs create a terrain for theological, spiritual and political experimentation within monasticismNMCs advocate a new Catholic sensitivityThe Monastic Fraternity of Jerusalem from France to PolandInnovation, re-interpretation and rejection - sacred creativity in reinventing traditionInnovation - mixiteRe-interpretationRejection: being in osmosis with the worldNew Monastic Communities - struggling for innovation in PolandConclusionNotesReferencesThe presence of religious orders in Hungarian societyIntroductionMaterials and methodsResearch on the vocation of male and female members of religious orders in HungaryResearch methodsObstacles to full-scope planned researchesResultsSocial background of the members of religious ordersWhere were they from?Types of settlementParents' educational levelReligious' educational levelVocational choice and religiosity, family supportParental religiosityFamily acceptance of religious vocationSummary: the social background of members of religious ordersThe reality of religious communities todayAge cohortsChange of generation in governance and difficultiesConclusionReferencesOrthodox monasteries as pilgrimage sites in contemporary RussiaIntroductionMonasteries in contemporary RussiaMonasteries as multipurpose locationsPilgrimages to monasteries: forms and functionsMaterials and methodsDiscussionAcknowledgementsNotesReferences