Urban Green Space, Health Economics and Air Pollution in Delhi:How to Save Delhi?

Sustainable development goals and citiesResearch methodology and data analysisReferencesUrban green spacesUrban green spaces: Concept and significanceIntroductionTypology of urban green areaGreen spaces of DelhiTerms associated with urban green spacesUrban agricultureUrban parksWhy green spaces are necessary in cities and urban areas?Ecological benefitsSocial and health benefitsSocial benefitsEconomic benefitsHow much green space do we need?Amount of green spaces in world citiesAmount of green spaces in Indian citiesWhere should green spaces be located?Green city: examining the conceptIs Delhi a green city?ReferencesGreen spaces of Delhi: A journey from past to presentIntroductionThe early periodMughal green spacesBritish green spacesDeforestation of the ridgeEfforts to re-greening the ridge, 1883–1909Post-independence development of green spacesThe second master plan, 1981–2001Master Plan Delhi 2001Policies and lawsIdentifying present green spacesHow green is the green space in Delhi?ReferencesLevel and extent of air pollution in DelhiIntroductionGases in the atmosphere and their effectsGases and their ill effects on floraSources of pollution in Delhi and its satellite townsVehicular pollutionIndustrial pollutionConstruction activitiesPower generationSolid wasteTemperature and heat stressSpatial variation of heat stress and air pollution in DelhiHeat stressAir pollutionReferencesHealth challenges in DelhiIntroductionLife expectancy and infant mortality rateEnvironmental and lifestyle diseasesHealth challenges: A surveyPresence of diseasesType of diseasesVisit to doctorsPreventive healthcare optionsGoing green for health: People’s perceptionEcosystem servicesLevel of environmental awarenessLinear regression analysis for preference of EFPHealth satisfaction levelReferencesHealthcare management: Investment and expenditureHealthcare in India: Availability and affordabilityHealthcare providersHealthcare investment and expenditure by the governmentCentre–state share in total public expenditure on health in IndiaInternational comparison of healthcare financingOut-of-pocket expenditure on healthHealthcare financing schemes in IndiaHealth insurance in IndiaHealthcare in DelhiHealthcare management in Delhi: A primary surveyChoice of hospitals for healthcare services in DelhiFamily income and choice of hospitalLevel of education and choice of hospitalExpenditure on preventive or curative healthcare in DelhiWillingness to pay for health insurance in DelhiFamily size and willingness to payOccurrence of diseases and willingness to payEducational level and willingness to pay for health insuranceFamily income and willingness to payConclusionReferencesGreen health insurance for urban areas: Willingness to payIntroductionWillingness to pay – MethodologyContingent valuation methodContingent valuation surveyPrimary survey of DelhiBidding formatDescription of variablesStatistical analysisStatistical analysis II: Binary logistic regressionExplaining the predictive capacity of the logistic regression modelVariables not in the equationStep 1 (model) omnibus tests of model coefficient is the final step which includes all variables together in the studyModel summary of the binary logistic model resultDeterminants for participating in the green insurance scheme: Binary logistic regression approachDerivation of demand curve for given BIDS for WTP for green insuranceStatistical analysis part II: Multiple regression analysisModel specificationDerivation of demand curve for the amount respondents are willing to pay for green insuranceConclusionReferencesGreen spaces: Green belts to kitchen gardensAfforestation all aroundVertical green wallsGreen–blue moundsGreen indoor spacesTree transplantationGreen mobilityGreen energyRecycling agricultural wasteInnovations in urban farming and terrace gardensGreen buildingsWater harvestingCloud seeding for artificial rainCarbon engineeringGreen health insuranceGreen certificationGreen mind and green marketGreen taxGreen tax in IndiaReferences
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