Explaining the predictive capacity of the logistic regression model
The given logistic regression is run in two steps. The initial step can be called the beginning block or Step 0 or Block 0. It is considered as a nonmodel and it only gives the value of the constant. Block 0 or the initial step output is for a model that includes only the intercept (which is taken as constant). It includes no predictors and just the intercept. The final step, or Step 1, includes all the predictors/independent variables (Table 6.2).
Table 6.3 describes the variables for the intercept (constant) for binary logistic in Step 0 (initial step).
Under the variables in the equation, we see that the intercept (only) model is in (odds) = 369. If we exponentiate both sides of this expression, we find that our predicted odds [Exp(B)] = 1.446. That is, the predicted odds of deciding the WTP monthly premium for green insurance are 1.446.
Table 6.2 Classification table for binary logistic in Step 0 (initial step)
Classification Table^{0} ^{b} 

Observed 
Predicted 

WTP premium for green insurance on monthly basis 
Percentage correct 

No 
Yes 

Step 0 
WTP 
No 
0 
368 
0.0 
Yes 
0 
532 
100.0 

Overall percentage 
59.1 
’ Constant is included in the model.
^{b}The cut value is. S00.Source: Primary survey
Table 6.3 Variables in the equation
В 
S.E. 
Wald 
df 
^{s}'i■ 
Exp(B) 

Step 0 
Constant 
0.369 
0.068 
29.548 
1 
0.000 
1.446 
Source: Primary survey
Variables not in the equation
Table 6.4 Variables not in the equation
Variables 
Score 
df 
^{s}'i 

Step 0 
AGE 
366.959 
1 
0.000 
GENDER 
48.860 
1 
0.000 

EDUCATION 
664.433 
1 
0.000 

MARRIAGE 
50.286 
1 
0.000 

FAMILY TYPE 
388.936 
1 
0.000 

NOFM 
365.071 
1 
0.000 

OWN HOUSE 
120.714 
1 
0.000 

FAMILY INCOME 
31 1.185 
1 
0.000 

NOEMF 
12.131 
1 
0.000 

EPYA 
526.823 
1 
0.000 

DYA 
424.690 
1 
0.000 

DISEFREQ 
2.339 
1 
0.126 

HOSPITALTY 
42.679 
1 
0.000 

ICGB 
626.394 
1 
0.000 

WTPBID 
15.873 
1 
0.000 

Overall Statistics 
763.1 13 
15 
0.000 
Source: Primary survey
Step 1 (model) omnibus tests of model coefficient is the final step which includes all variables together in the study
Table 6.5 shows Step 1 (model) omnibus tests of model coefficient
Block 1: Method = Enter
Now at the Block 1 (final step) output, SPSS has added the variables as a predictor. The omnibus tests of model coefficients give us a chisquare of 1,150.585, significant beyond the.001 level.
The given logistic regression is run in two steps (Table 6.5). The initial step, called Step 0, includes no predictors and just the intercept. The final step, called Step 1, includes all the predictors/independent variables. As we move from the initial step to the final step, which includes all variables, predictive accuracy moves from 59.1 per cent in the initial step (Step 0) to 99.1 per cent accuracy in the final step (Step 1), when the full regression model is applied to the data. This 40 per cent jump represents a major improvement in the predictive capability of the model. The best level of predictability is now 99.1 per cent. Therefore, there is an improvement of 40 percentage points in the predictive capacity by using the logistic regression model (Table 6.6).
Table 6.5 Omnibus tests of model coefficients
Chisquare 
Df 
% 

Step 1 
Step 
1,150.585 
15 
0.000 
Block 
1,150.585 
15 
0.000 

Model 
1,150.585 
15 
0.000 
Source: Primary survey
Table 6.6 Classification table for binary logistic WTP for green insurance
Observed 
Predicted 

WTP 
Percentage correct 

No 
Yes 

Step 1 
WTP 
No 
366 
2 
99.5 
Yes 
6 
526 
98.9 

Overall percentage 
99.1 
a.The cut value is. S00 Source: Primary survey
Table b.l Model summary of binary logistic regression
Model summary 

Step 
2 Log likelihood 
Cox & Snell R Square 
Nagelkerke R Square 
1 
67.028^{a} 
.722 
.973 
^{1} Estimation terminated at iteration number I I because parameter estimates changed by less than .001.
Source: Primary survey
Model summary of the binary logistic model result
The result shows that the 2 Log Likelihood statistic measures how poorly the model predicts the decisions. The smaller the statistic, the better the model. In this model, we see that the 2 Log Likelihood statistic is 67.028, which is quite satisfactory.
The Cox 8c Snell R square can be interpreted like R square in a multiple regression; its maximum value is .75. In the given model, Cox 8c Snell R square is .722, which is acceptable for the model.
The value of Nagelkerke R square is on a scale of 01. This value can reach a maximum of 1 and is an indication that the regression model constructed has added a major contribution to the prediction of WTP for green insurance or not. Here, the Nagelkerke R square figure for the 'goodness of fit' of the model is good at .973; this suggests that the model is strong and it improves the level of predictability of the given model. In the study, the given binary model the value of Nagelkerke R square is .973, which implies that 97 per cent of the variability in dependent variable WTP for green insurance is explained by the independent variables.