China’s Soft Power and Higher Education in South Asia:Rationale, Strategies, and Implications

IntroductionChina and South AsiaNature of China’s Engagement with South AsiaInternationalization of Higher EducationThe Deng EraFrom the Late 1990s to the Present EraSoft Power and Higher EducationChina’s Soft Power and Higher EducationSouth Asia in the Existing Literature: Filling the GapsNotesReferencesHigher Education as a Terrain of Soft Power: China’s Goals and Motivations in NepalIntroductionThe India FactorThe Tibet IssueEducational Soft Power ModelEducation as a Nation-Branding ResourceEducation as a Conduit of Culture and ValuesEducation as a Tool for Achieving Foreign Policy GoalsConclusionNotesReferencesChina’s Academic Charm for Nepalese Students?IntroductionAcademic ExperiencesCompulsion and ConvenienceUnfavorable Perceptions of China’s Education ProgramsLimitations of Medical ProgramsAppreciation for Social Sciences ProgramsConnection with Institutional IntegrationConclusionNotesReferencesHigher Education as a Conduit of China’s Values and CultureIntroductionExperiences Studying at the Confucius InstituteLearning OutcomesKnowledge about China and the Mao-Led RevolutionExperiences of Nepalese Students in ChinaPositive Social ExperiencesDark Spots in Social ExperiencesFamiliarity with Chinese CultureViews on the Chinese Political SystemConclusionNoteReferencesNepalese Students and China’s Foreign Policy: Perceptions and EngagementIntroductionSurvey Results: Responses of Social Sciences and Medical Students/AlumniInterview FindingsPerception of the Beit and Road InitiativeChina’s ContributionThe Impact of Course ContentThe Arniko SocietyConclusionNotesReferencesChina’s Rising Geointellect?IntroductionModalitiesEducational ArchitectureAlliancesInbound Mobility of Students and ScholarsCAS Overseas Centers and Overseas CampusesKnowledge Production, Advancement, and DisseminationDiscourse Power and Thought LeadershipImpact beyond KnowledgeChallenges and LimitationsNotesReferencesChina’s Geointellect in South Asia: The Road Ahead?IntroductionChiua-Sri Lanka Research CollaborationCAS Overseas CentersInbound Mobility of Students and ScholarsKnowledge Production through CoauthorshipsInterpreting China’s CollaborationsConclusionNotesReferencesIntroduction