Tourism, Land Grabs and Displacement: The Darker Side of the Feel-Good Industry


Purpose of the bookTourism-related land and resource grabbing within the global land grab debateTourism-related land grabbing and displacement in the ‘tourism and development’ and ‘critical tourism studies’ literaturesGlobal scope and local contexts for tourism-related land grabsResearch approach, case selection and analytical frameworkResearch approachCase selectionAnalytical frameworkStructure of the bookReferencesTourism-related land grabs: Actors, drivers and discoursesActors and driversDiscoursesConcluding remarksReferencesState-led tourism development, tourism zoning and customary land rightsForeignising paradise through state-led tourism development -the case of Cancun and La Riviera Maya, MexicoTourism zone development in the PhilippinesTourism enterprise zone development for the elite in Hacienda Looc, Batangas ProvinceTourism zoning and rights of Indigenous peoples on Boracay IslandConcessional tourism development: a Chinese mega-project in Koh Kong Province, CambodiaThe special economic zone of social market economy in Oecusse, Timor-LesteConcluding remarksReferencesCorporate resort development, residential tourism and resource grabbingResort tourism and resource grabbing in the Indonesian archipelagoLand grabbing and bay reclamation for tourism in BaliPrivatising beaches and constraining women’s access to resources in Nusa Tenggara TimurTourism enclaves and proliferation of land leases in the South Pacific - the case of VanuatuResidential tourism and transnational land investment in Central America and the Southern Indian OceanLand alienation through residential tourism in Costa RicaThe booming residential tourism industry and rising squatter communities in MauritiusConcluding remarksReferencesTourism expansion, land grabbing and resistance in post-disaster contextsPost-disaster livelihood displacement among Garifuna communities, HondurasPost-tsunami dispossession of Indigenous seafaring people in Phang Nga and Phuket, Southern ThailandThe Moken and post-disaster tourism in the Surin Islands Marine National ParkLand conflict resolution attempts with the Moklen in Baan TungwaRecognising customary land rights of the Urak Lawoi in Baan RawaiDisaster capitalism and tourism development in post-earthquake HaitiCorporate land grabs on Sicogon Island in the Wake of Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines)Concluding remarksReferencesTourism, dispossession and erasure in conflict zones and post-conflict contextsTourism, displacement and the military in Myanmar (Burma)Military-controlled tourism industry in post-conflict Sri LankaMilitary securitisation of domestic tourism in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of BangladeshTouristification, displacement and erasure in Jerusalem amidst the Israeli-Palestinian ConflictConcluding remarksReferencesWildlife tourism, fortress conservation and green grabbingProtected areas and displacement of Indigenous and forestdependent peoples: a brief historic perspectiveTourism-driven evictions from state and privately managed protected areas in Eastern and Southern AfricaSafari tourism and hunting concessions in TanzaniaTransnational sovereignty grabbing and evictions from the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park for wildlife conservation and tourism, Mozambique and South AfricaTiger conservation and tourism in India: precarious livelihoods at the human-wildlife interfaceConservation through militarisation, tourism and eviction in Tayrona National Park, ColombiaConcluding remarksReferencesCultural heritage tourism: Beautification, gentrification, evictionCultural heritage preservation, border securitisation and eco-cultural tourism in Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere ReserveEco-cultural heritage tourism, involuntary resettlement and livelihood restrictions in ChinaHeritage preservation, land grabbing and resettlement in the Angkor Archaeological Park, CambodiaGentrification in urban heritage sites: global overview and examples from South AmericaThe case of La Boca, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaThe case of Cuzco, PeruConcluding remarksReferencesThe displacement effects of sports mega-events and large-scale tourism infrastructure developmentSports mega-events: the darker side of the global spectacleThe 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa: rendering poverty invisible by demolishing and upgrading informal settlementsThe 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Rio Olympics in Brazil: exclusion games, forced evictions and state-led gentrificationOpening the gates for mass tourism: airport constructions in India and LaosControversial greenfield airport development in Goa, IndiaAirport expansion and resettlement in Luang Prahang, Lao PDR: the problematic involvement of national and multilateral development banksLarge-scale tourism infrastructure development: the contentious case of the Mayan Train megaproject in Southern MexicoConcluding RemarksReferencesTourism-related land grabs: Mechanisms, practices, impacts and resistanceMechanismsPrivatisationFinancialisationManagement and manipulation of crisesState redistributionsPractices and impacts of tourism-related land grabsEvictionCase study CharacteristicsEnclosureExtractionCase study CharacteristicsErasureResistanceConcluding remarksReferencesInstruments and guidelines for land governance and protection from dispossession and displacement: Potential applications in the field of tourismTourism-related land grabs and international human rights lawThe right to property, adequate housing and protection from displacementRight to food, water and sanitationThe ILO’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples ConventionThe UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)The FAO’s Voluntary Guidelines and their implications for tourism-related land grabsThe UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and their relevance to land acquisitions by the tourism industryEnvironmental and social safeguards of international financial institutions and their relevance for tourism-induced displacement and resettlementEquator Principles: holding the corporate financial sector accountable to tourism-related land rights infringements?Concluding remarksReferencesSummary of the main argumentsTransformations of the tourism sector in a post-pandemic eraFuture research agendas in the field of tourism-related land grabs and displacementReferences