Capitalism, Power and Innovation: Intellectual Monopoly Capitalism Uncovered


IntroductionBack to the future: Marx and Schumpeter legacy as a starting pointIntellectual monopoly capitalism as a new stage of global capitalismIntellectual monopoly capitalism is a global phenomenonIntellectual monopolies are capitalist plannersInnovation as a power relationshipSummarizing the content of this bookNotesReferencesIntellectual monopoly capitalismThe emergence of intellectual monopoly capitalismIntroductionIntangible assets, rents and the emergence of intellectual monopoly capitalismIntangible assets and intellectual rentsThe emergence of intellectual monopoliesUsing innovation to subordinate othersInnovation as a process under intellectual monopoly capitalism: knowledge predationPredation within the innovation processA taxonomy of subordinate firmsIntellectual monopolies sources of profitNotesReferencesKnowledge privatization and power relations in the knowledge commonsIntroductionIntellectual monopoly capitalism and the privatization of knowledgeKnowledge commons and open access to knowledgeHow intellectual monopolies profit from open access and knowledge commons. Illustrative experiencesKnowledge commons in the pharmaceutical innovation systemOpen source and the digital commonsFinal remarksNotesReferencesThe interplays of the United States, China and their intellectual monopoliesIntroductionContribution of the US and Chinese states to the emergence of intellectual monopoliesA marriage of convenience: the United States and big corporations since the Second World WarUS industrial cum science and technology policy since the Second World WarFriendly antitrust policy and taxing systemChina's innovation and industrial policiesHow intellectual monopolies contribute to reinforce core states hegemonyClashes of power between states and intellectual monopoliesFinal remarksNotesReferencesResearch universities: Between subordination and intellectual monopolyIntroductionThe academic intellectual monopoly and subordinate research-universitiesAcademic freedom and the definition of research agendas under intellectual monopoly capitalismAcademic labour commodificationEvaluation as a process that transforms academic labourA change in the benchmark from the average to the topHarmful consequences on academic labourFinal remarksNotesReferencesGlobal intellectual monopolies. Illustrative casesTechnological cooperation and competition among big pharmaceuticalsIntroductionInnovation conceived as an asymmetric social relationTechnological cooperation and competition between intellectual monopoliesMethodological approachMain findingsScientific publications’ co-authorshipPatents’ co-ownership analysisFunding sourcesFinal remarksNotesReferencesApple: from legal towards data-driven intellectual rentiershipIntroductionFurther conceptualizing intellectual monopolies: types of intangible rentsVertical natural monopoly intangible rentsIntangibles' legal monopoly rents and the innovation monopolyData-driven intellectual monopolyApple’s intellectual monopolyApple’s GVC through the lenses of vertical natural monopoly rentsApple's innovation monopoly rentsApple's corporate innovation systemApple's quest for data-driven innovation rentsApple’s interplay between intellectual and financial rentierismConcluding remarksNotesReferencesAmazon’s data-driven intellectual monopolyIntroductionThe limits of GVC and platforms to understand emerging industrial organization patternsIntellectual monopolies’ production and innovation networksAmazon’s data-driven intellectual monopolyAmazon’s innovation networksFactors reinforcing Amazon’s power as a data-driven intellectual monopolyAmazon’s political powerFinal remarksNotesReferencesAppendix: methodologyState Grid Corp: an intellectual monopoly relying on China’s innovation systemIntroductionHow to become an intellectual monopolyThe alignment of SGCC to China’s innovation and energy policiesMethodologySGCC: on the way to becoming a transnational intellectual monopolySGCC’s scientific publicationsSGCC’s patent portfolioFinal remarksNotesReferencesAppendixRentiership, predation and their implications for workersIntroductionThe interplay between rentiership, predation and capital accumulationThe growing importance of data-driven innovation rentsMarx on rents and Veblen on predationWhy is it useful to distinguish between rentiership and predation?Intellectual monopolies as financial rentiersThe effects of predation and rentiership on capital accumulationImplications for workersFinal remarksNotesReferencesEffects of intellectual monopoly capitalism on the peripheriesWhy we need new development policies under intellectual monopoly capitalismIntroductionPolicy recommendations for technological autonomy at the national and firm levelsInnovation studies: the state as the architect of the systemThe entrepreneurial stateGlobal value chains and catching-upShortfalls of innovation systems and GVC policy recommendationsNot an emerging but a structurally incomplete innovation systemFurther limitations to the entrepreneurial stateDowngrading and global poverty chainsIntellectual monopolies narrow windows of opportunityFinal remarks NotesReferencesSingapore’s innovation hub. A source of rents for intellectual monopoliesIntroductionKnowledge hubs: the case of SingaporeApproach and methodologyEmpirical findingsNUS and NTU patents and collaborations with industryStart-ups and university spin-offs in SingaporeDistribution of innovation rents in SingaporeDiscussion and concluding remarksFundingNotesReferencesAppendixPharmaceutical knowledge extractivism from a semi-peripheral universityIntroductionKnowledge extractivism from the peripheries under intellectual monopoly capitalismComplementing existing indicators for studying university’s technology transferKnowledge extractivism from the UBA’spharmacy research Indicators based on measuring universities’ economic return from university-industry collaborationsThe UBA’s contribution to global innovation networks assessed from an analysis of its scientific publicationsBlind knowledge transferUniversity-industry co-authorshipDiscussion and final remarksNotesReferencesTilting the scale against intellectual monopoly capitalismIntroductionA new (common) knowledge regimeContainment measures against data-driven intellectual monopoliesBeyond taking containment measures, an offensive step for the peripheriesLimiting all forms of extractivism*Knowledge extractivismData extractivismPlanning public production and innovation networksCounterbalancing intellectual monopoly capitalismFinal remarks on the role of social scientists and science in generalNotesReferences