Table of Contents:

Funding

This work was supported by the Institut Francilien Recherche Innovation Societe under their Postdoctoral Fellowship programme and the exploratory project “ACIDES-Sud”.

Notes

  • 1 Basic research share in total public R&D expenditure between 2015 and 2020 was reduced to 15%. It was 34% in 2014 (11.8% in pure basic and 22.2% in strategic basic) (Ministry of Trade and Industry, 2009, 2016).
  • 2 Currently, the Singapore government gives up to 100% of tax deduction for “qualifying expenditure for eligible R&D activities in Singapore.” https://www. edb.gov.sg/en/why-singapore/business-friendly-environment.html.
  • 3 https://www.iras.gov.sg/irashome/Businesses/Companies/Learning-the-basics- of-Corporate-Income-Tax/Corporate-Tax-Rates--Corporate-Income-Tax- Rebates-and-Tax-Exemption-Schemes/.
  • 4 Singapore ranks 129 in the list of country’s corporate tax rate https://trading economics.com/country-list/corporate-tax-rate.
  • 5 Chicago Business Scholl, ESSEC, INSEAD Singapore, Sorbonne-Assas International Law School Singapore, and the representation of Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite in Singapore.
  • 6 https://www.nrf.gov.sg/programmes/corporate-laboratory@university-scheme and http://nus.edu.sg/research/research-capabilities.
  • 7 Rolls-Royce@NTU was established in July 2013 with a total funding of S$75 million for manpower with a target of 30 patents and 260 publications over a five-year period. The corporate laboratory was recently renewed with additional S$88 million and the NTU states that this is Rolls Royce’s largest collaboration with a university (Nanyang Technological University, 2019).
  • 8 https://www.edb.gov.sg/en/why-singapore/business-friendl3'-environment.html.
  • 9 There are no detailed figures on the proportion of public R&D monies that are received by type of enterprise. Thus, we cannot calculate the share of SMEs’ R&D expenditure that is actually funded by the Singaporean government.
  • 10 Privately owned start-up companies with a value of over USD 1 billion.
  • 11 Not every patent resulting from common research is co-owned by universities and companies. As previously mentioned, universities may receive one-time lump-sums when they resign property of research funded by private companies. Even though the information on the concerned amounts are not available, nothing in our interviews supports the idea that these lump-sums might be significantly important. Given also that universities receive matching grants from the public sector when private firms fund their research, we can reasonably assume that these lump-sum only partially compensate for the public investment in each public-private R&D project and that their existence does not change our main findings.

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Appendix

Table 12A. 1 NTU patents’ corporate co-owners (2000-17)

Corporation

Type

Ranking

Number of distinct documents

SINGAPORE TECH DYNAM PTE LTD

Local corporation

11

10

INSIGHTRA MEDICAL INC

Foreign corporation

11

10

YISSUM RES DEV CO

Foreign corporation

12

8

GLOBALFOUNDRIES SG PTE LTD

Local corporation

13

8

MENICON CO LTD

Foreign corporation

13

8

LOCKHEED CORP

Foreign corporation

15

6

ROBERT BOSCH SEA PTE LTD

Local corporation

16

5

HUAWEI

Foreign corporation

16

5

THALES SOLUTIONS ASIA PTE LTD

Local corporation

17

4

SUT SERAYA PTE LTD

Local corporation

17

4

BMW

Foreign corporation

17

4

SIEMENS PTE LTD

Foreign corporation

17

4

ACOUSTICAL TECH SG PTE LTD

Local corporation

18

3

LIGHTLAB SWEDEN AB

Foreign corporation

18

3

PURECHEM ONYX PTE LTD

Local corporation

19

2

GASHUB TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD

Local corporation

19

2

TECHNOLITE (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD

Local corporation

19

2

ST MICROELECTRONICS ASIA

Foreign corporation

19

2

DAIOH SHINYO CO LTD

Foreign corporation

19

1

PROGEN PTE LTD

Local corporation

20

1

INTERNAT SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCT

Local corporation

20

1

ADVANCED ELECTROACOUSTIC PTE LTD

Local corporation

20

1

DYESOL LTD

Foreign corporation

20

1

NINGBO SUNNY OPOTECH CO LTD

Foreign corporation

20

1

PEC LTD

Foreign corporation

20

1

SANTEN PHARMA CO LTD

Foreign corporation

20

1

Source: Authors’ compilation front Derwent Innovation.

Table 12A.2 NUS patents’ corporate co-owners (2000-17)

Corporation

Type

Ranking

Number of distinct documents

CHARTERED SEMICONDUCTOR MFG CO

Local corporation

5

28

BASF SE

Foreign corporation

7

24

STMICROELECTRONICS ASIA

Foreign corporation

19

8

GLOBALFOUNDRIES SG PTE LTD

Local corporation

20

7

HADASIT MED RES SERVICE

Foreign corporation

21

6

TEMASEK LIFE SCIENCES LAB LTD

Local corporation

21

6

IMECCORP

Foreign corporation

22

5

ISIS PHARMACEUTICALS INC

Foreign corporation

22

5

KINERGY PTE LTD

Local corporation

22

5

HUAWEI

Foreign corporation

23

4

MULTICLONAL THERAPEUTICS INC

Foreign corporation

23

4

OSTEOPORE KOREA CO LTD

Foreign corporation

25

3

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INC

Foreign corporation

24

3

AUCKLAND UNISERVICES LTD

Foreign corporation

24

3

IRIDEX CORP

Foreign corporation

24

3

Apple

Foreign corporation

24

3

HONEYWELL PTE LTD

Local corporation

24

3

OKI TECHNO CT PTE LTD

Foreign corporation

25

2

60 DEGREES PHARMACEUTICALS LLC

Foreign corporation

25

2

OSTEOPORE INTERNAT PTE LTD

Foreign corporation

25

2

ILLUMINA INC

Foreign corporation

25

2

IBM

Foreign corporation

25

2

MPORT PTE LTD

Foreign corporation

25

2

TOSHIBA CORP

Foreign corporation

25

2

HOPE TECHNIK PTE LTD

Local corporation

25

2

JURONG CONSULTANTS PTE LTD

Local corporation

25

2

CET TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD

Local corporation

25

2

ABB LUMMUS GLOBAL INC

Foreign corporation

26

1

(Continued)

Corporation

Type

Ranking

Number of distinct documents

GEN ELECTRIC

Foreign corporation

26

1

PGS GEOPHYSICAL AS

Foreign corporation

26

1

SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC

Foreign corporation

26

1

ALLIUM MEDICAL LTD

Foreign corporation

26

1

AMERICAN PRESIDENT LINES CO PTE LTD

Foreign corporation

26

1

KRATON POLYMERS US LLC

Foreign corporation

26

1

DAVOS LIFE SCIENCE PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

MUSTARD TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

TEO WAY YONG & SONS PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

MUVEE TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

WONG FONG ENGINEERING WORKS 1988 PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

ST ELECTRONICS INFO SOFTWARE S

Local corporation

26

1

CELLONICS INC PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

OFFSHORE TECHNOLOGY DEV PTE LTD

Local corporation

26

1

YONGNAM HOLDINGS LTD

Local corporation

26

1

Source: Authors’ compilation from Derwent Innovation.

 
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