Problem Statement

To date, the present suburban rail service commuter in KLC appears to suffer from underutilization. According to the GKL/KV reports (2011), it has been identified that the main problem in using the public transport in the TPZ residential area is very poor accessibility [2]. This evidence is supported in the Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 which indicates that there are major deficiencies in terms of the pedestrian linkages and there is generally a lack of pedestrian amenities provided in the city center. In many places within the city center, the pedestrian linkage between the major roads and the rail infrastructure is disconnected even though it is physically close but virtually inaccessible [3]. Study undertaken has validated that transport facilities in Malaysia are still very poor due to improper planning and design and that less consideration is given to pedestrian and nonmotorized transportation [4].

In line with the government mission to increase the public transport modal share to 50 % by 2020, the study looks at the aspect of accessibility of people who live within 400 m from the rail commuter transit station in KLC. This study focuses on easy access and good connectivity to railway stations. It is regarded crucial as it is incorporated in the overall satisfaction of the rail journey [5].

Findings from a study in evaluating park and ride system in KLC have demonstrated that 83 % of the commuter rail users walk to the rail station. There is still however limited understanding with regard to measuring the rail pedestrian commuters' behavior and the quality of station access via walking [6]. It is noted that various attributes that consist of physical environment of the walking infrastructure, weather condition, and safety play important roles in rail pedestrian commuters' travel decision. This paper accordingly presents the following problem statement: To what extent is the relationship of the physical environment, weather condition, safety, and rail commuter level of service with the walkability of the pedestrian commuter rail to and from the transit stations?

It is hoped that with such findings, the initial results, using the instrument that has been developed, can further enhance the final main survey then on. These final findings can assist future transport engineers and planners in understanding ways to influence people to access rail transit station and then to improve public transport ridership and its modal share.

 
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