The Impact of Higher Education Ranking Systems on Universities

‘Lies, damned lies and statistics’IntroductionControversy and criticismThe positive side of HERSThe case for consumersThe impact of rankings on global higher educationThe impact of rankings on universitiesRanking and the notion of world-classSummaryoutlineReferencesThe context for the development of higher education ranking systems (HERS)IntroductionConsumerism, narcissism, technology and communicationGlobalisationInternationalisationIncreasing internationalisation of higher educationQuality assurance and consistencyMarketisation and privatisation of higher educationAcademic life before HERSThe rise of private institutionsThe expensive business of higher educationSummaryReferencesThe history and development of global rankingsIntroductionThe early origins of HERSHigher education ranking systems (HERS)The Shanghai Jiao Tong rankings or ARWUThe arrival of the Big ThreeThe proliferation and diversification of HERSIREG approvedSummaryReferencesAssessing the Big Three higher education ranking systems: Broad issues and ARWU detailIntroductionA broad critique of ranking methodologyTechnical issues with citation databasesCriticising ranking methodsHigher Education Policy InstituteSelecting appropriate methodology'Shanghai’s academic rankings of world universities (ARWU)ARWU methodologyTransparencyNobel Prizes and Field Medals as indicators of quality in education and staffHighly' cited researchers as an indicator of staff quality'Citation databases as indicators of research outputThe per-capita performance indicatorSummaryReferencesAssessing the Big Three higher education ranking systems: Broad issues and QS WUR detailIntroductionThe QS World University Rankings (WUR)QS WUR methodologyAcademic and employer reputation indicatorsRecent amendments to the QS reputation indicatorsThe QS faculty student ratio indicatorThe QS citations per faculty indicatorAmendments to the citations per faculty' indicatorThe QS international students and international staff indicatorSummaryReferencesAssessing the Big Three higher education ranking systems: Broad issues and THE WUR detailIntroductionThe THE World University Rankings (WUR)THE WUR methodologyThe academic reputation survey as part of both teaching and research pillarsRecent amendments to the THE Academic Reputation SurveyThe citation indicator as part of the research influence pillarRecent amendments to the THE citation indicator methodologyThe THE international students, staff and faculty pillarComparison of the Big Three (ARWU, QS WUR, THE WUR) methodologiesContemporary research on the Big Three HERS and their rankingsSummaryReferencesThe global higher education arenaIntroductionDifferent types of institutionWorld-class universitiesThe influence of rankings and establishing world-class universitiesChanges in institutional structure and cultureSimilarities in institutional responses to rankingThe power of mediaThe influence of rankings on policyManipulating the methodologies and ‘gaming’SummaryReferencesRankings, politics, geography and the global knowledge economyIntroductionThe push and pull of the global knowledge economyThe rise of East Asia as an international knowledge networkThe push: academic mobilityThe diversification of the global research landscapeMore pull: implications emanating from contemporary' changes to governance structures in the US and EuropeBrexitStudent mobilityInternational research collaborationThe Trump administrationBudget issues for higher educationDeclines in international students to the USNew migration policies in AustraliaPost ‘Brexit’ and Trump opportunitiesThe geography of rankingsDeveloping nations in the rankings discourseSummaryReferencesHigher education ranking systems: The good, the bad and the uglyIntroductionHigher education expansion and the influence of HERSNational rankingsGlobal rankings attract global attentionSimilarities between the Big ThreeDifferences between the Big ThreeNo such thing as bad publicityIt is an ill wind...SummaryThe good the bad and the uglyLies, damned lies and rankings?References
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