Appendix 1: Interview list

Interview no.

Job title

Year

1.

Australian Epic artist manager

2018

2.

Australian Emerging artist manager

2018

3.

Australian Emerging artist manager

2018

4.

Australian Breakthrough artist manager

2017

5.

Australian Emerging artist manager

2018

6.

Australian Epic artist manager

2019

7.

Australian Emerging artist agent

2018

8.

Australian Breakthrough artist manager

2018

9.

Australian Established artist manager

2017

10.

Australian Established artist manager

2018

11.

Australian Epic artist manager

2019

12.

United Kingdom artist management body administrator

2017

13.

Australian Established artist manager

2018

14.

Australian Established artist manager

2018

15.

United States SXSW representative

2016

16.

Australian export administrator

2018

17.

Australian export administrator

2009

18.

Australian management advocacy organisation administrator

2018

19.

Brazilian export administrator

2016

20.

Australian export administrator

2018

21.

Australian national funding body administrator

2018

22.

Australian copyright body administrator

2018

23.

United Kingdom export administrator

2016

24.

United Kingdom export administrator

2017

25.

United Kingdom arts administrator

2017

26.

French export administrator

2017

27.

French government cultural administrator

2017

28.

South Korean export administrator

2016

29.

Canadian exports administrator

2017

30.

Swedish copyright body administrator

2017

31.

Swedish export administrator

2017

32.

Canadian national funding body administrator

2017

33.

Canadian music organisation administrator

2017

34.

Australian Emerging artist

2018

Appendix 2: Australian music industry exports survey

You are invited to participate in the research project identified as "The economic and cultural value of Australian music exports” which is being conducted by Professors Richard Vella and Stephen Chen from the University of Newcastle and Associate Professor Shane Homan from Monash University. This project has been funded by The Australian Research Council: LP150100709.

Why is the research being done?

The research investigates the nature and characteristics of Australian music exports within the context of globalisation and digitisation. It will identify and analyse how globalisation and digitisation are affecting the contexts and processes involved in the creation of a music export’s cultural value and economic value. The purpose of the research is to map:

The nature and assess the economic and cultural contribution of the Australian music export industry;

The role of the different participants in the Australian music industry value chain. Who can participate in the research?

You are invited to participate because your name has been provided by the Australia Council for the Arts or Sounds Australia as someone who is involved with the production or distribution of Australian music. You do not need to have export experience. We are also interested in responses from people who have not exported in order to understand why some people do not export. Please note that you are ineligible to participate if you are not involved with any part of the Australian music industry either nationally or internationally.

What would you be asked to do?

If you agree to participate, you will be asked to complete an online survey which asks about:

Services you provide;

Your employment status;

The number of your employees;

Your earnings and expenses from music activities in Australia and overseas;

Any financial support you have received for your musical activities;

Your attendance at international showcase events;

Your education;

Any awards you have received for your musical activities;

Your music and your audience (if you are an artist).

What choice do you have?

Participation in this research is entirely your choice. Only those people who give their informed consent will be included in the project. Whether or not you decide to participate, your decision will not disadvantage you. If you do decide to participate, you may withdraw from the project at any time prior to publication of the research.

How much time will it take?

The survey should take about 20-30 minutes to complete, depending on how many jobs/roles you have. You may also need to spend some time collecting the necessary information prior to completing the survey.

What are the risks and benefits of participating?

The survey findings will help policy makers in setting policies and funding for- exporting in the Australian music industry as well as improve understanding of the process of exporting Australian music. As a token of our appreciation, you will receive a 20% discount voucher to use in Levi’s stores in Australia.

Your name will also be entered in a prize draw for:

Levi’s® Retail Voucher to the value of $1,000 (redeemable at any Levi’s® mainline retail store nationally);

  • 2 x domestic return flights Eastern Seaboard (Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide);
  • 2 nights’ accommodation at any TFE Hotel, https://www.tfehotels.com/;
  • 2 badges to BIGSOUND 2017 Conference;

Terms and conditions apply (link to terms and conditions).

You will be asked for your name and email. This information is only used to make sure no answers are counted twice and to contact you in the event you win the prize draw for participating in the survey. Your personal information will never be shared with any third party. The survey responses will be aggregated and you will not be identified in any publications so there are no anticipated risks to you personally associated with participating in this research. However, if you have any concerns, you may withdraw from the project at any time prior to publication of the research.

How will your privacy be protected?

The collected data will be stored securely (on a password-protected computer/in a locked filing cabinet) in the Chief Investigator's office. Data will be retained for a minimum of five years as per University of Newcastle requirements.

How will the information collected be used?

The collected data may be presented in academic publications or conferences. Non-identifiable data may be also be shared with other parties to encourage scientific scrutiny and to contribute to further research and public knowledge, or as required by law. You can access a summary of the results of the research by visiting our website at http://www.newcastle.edu.au/research-and- innovation/centre/ education-arts/cecar/about-us.

What do you need to do to participate?

Please read this Information Statement and be sure you understand its contents before you consent to participate. If there is anything you do not understand, or you have questions, please contact the researcher. If you would like to participate, please click the button below to continue to the survey.

Further information

If you would like further information please contact:

Professor Stephen Chen, Professor of International Business, Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia, T: +61(0) 2 49216680, Email: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Or

Tracy Redhead, Senior Research Assistant, School of Creative Arts, Faculty of Education & Arts, Email: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Complaints about this research

This project has been approved by the University’s Human Research Ethics Coimnittee, Approval No. H-2016-0070.

Should you have concerns about your rights as a participant in this research, or you have a complaint about the manner in which the research is conducted, it may be given to the researcher, or, if an independent person is preferred, to the Human Research Ethics Officer. Research Office, The Chancellery, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia, telephone (02) 49216333, email This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Question block 1

Please enter your name below. This information is only used to make sure no answers are counted twice. Your personal information will never be shared with any third party.

Please enter your email address. This information is only used to make sure no answers are counted twice. Your personal information will never be shared with any third party.

Q1 What is your age group?

<16(1)

  • 16-20 (2)
  • 21-30 (3)
  • 31-40 (4)
  • 41-50 (5)
  • 51-60 (6)
  • 61-70 (7)

>70 (8)

Prefer not to say (9)

Q2 What sex are you?

Male (1)

Female (2)

Transgender(3)

Prefer not to say (4)

Q3 Which state do you live in?

ACT (1)

NSW (2)

VIC (3)

QLD (4)

SA (5)

NT (6)

TAS (7)

WA (8)

Overseas (9)

Q4 What is the highest level of education you have completed?

High school certificate (1)

TAFE diploma (2)

Bachelor degree (3)

Master degree (4)

PhD or equivalent (5)

Q5 How many years of music education have you received from the following? Please enter 0 if none.

TAFE (1)

University (2)

Private (3)

Other (4)

Q6 Have you received any financial support from the following? If yes, please

enter amount.

Before 2000 (1)

2001- 2005 (2)

2006- 2010 (3)

2011- 2015 (4)

2016(5)

Australia Council for the Arts (1)

Federal Arts Funding (2)

APRA-AMCOS (3)

State government (4)

Local government (5)

Other grant (6)

Family and friends (7)

Personal loan (8)

Q7 How many international showcase events have you attended? (Enter 0 if none.)

Q8 Did you earn any income in the tax year 2015-2016 in any of the following jobs/roles? Tick all applicable boxes.

Musician (1)

Manager (2)

Record label (3)

Music publisher (4)

Music producer (5)

Music production services (6)

Music promoter/booking agent (7)

Other music-related job/role (8)

Non-music related job/role (9)

Question block 2 musician

Q9 How many years have you been working professionally as a musician, songwriter, DJ or composer?

Q10 What best describes your work as a musician/performer/composer/so ngwriter/DJ?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Casual (3)

Contractor (4)

Other (5)

Q11 How much did you earn as a musician/performer/composer/songwriter/D J in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q12 What percentage of the above income came from the following (should add to 100%)?

_Royalties (1)

_Digital recordings (2)

_Live performances (3)

_Sponsorships and brand endorsements (4)

_Merchandising (5)

_Synchronisation (6)

_Physical recordings (7)

_Session fees (8)

_Other (9)

Q13 How much did you spend in the tax year 2015-2016 as a musician, performer, composer, songwriter or DJ?

Q14 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries (not including yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Promotion and marketing (3)

_Recording (4)

_Other (5)

Q15 How many people did you employ in the tax year in 2015-2016? Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q16 Please list any sendees that you have provided/received as a musician, performer, composer, songwriter or DJ without financial payment.

Q17 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses as a musician, performer, composer, songwriter or DJ outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to Q24.

Q18 How much income did you earn outside of Australia as a musician, performer, composer, songwriter or DJ in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q19 What percentage of the above income outside of Australia came from the following sources (should add to 100%)?

_Royalties (1)

_Digital recordings (2)

_Live performances (3)

_Sponsorship and brand endorsements (4)

_Merchandising (5)

_Synchronisation (6)

_Physical recordings (7)

_Session fees (8)

_Other (9)

Q20 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q21 How much did you spend outside of Australia as a musician, performer, composer, songwriter or DJ in the tax year 2015-2016 (in AUD)?

Q22 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Promotion and marketing (3)

_Recording (4)

_Other (5)

Q23 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q24 Please list any awards you have won for your music (e.g. ARIA) with dates (multiple entries possible).

Q25 How many weeks in the last year have your songs been in the top foreign charts (e.g. Billboard 200)? (Please specify chart and times.) (Multiple entries possible.)

Q26 How many times in the last year has your music been played on the following online streaming services?

YouTube views (1)

Spotify streams (2)

Apple music streams (3)

Pandora spins (4)

Other streaming (5)

Q27 Which best describes your music (select one only)?

Alternative (1)

Blues (2)

Classical (3)

Countiy (4)

Electronic dance (5)

Folk/roots (6)

Hip hop (7)

Jazz (8)

Metal (9)

Pop (10)

RnB (11)

Rock (12)

Soul(13)

World (14)

Other (15)

Question block 3 music manager

Q28 How many years have you been working as a music manager?

Q29 What best describes the time you work as a music manager?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Casual (3)

Contractor (4)

Other (5)

Q30 How much did you earn as a music manager in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q31 How much did you spend in the tax year 2015-2016 in your music management business?

Q32 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q33 How many people did you employ in your music management business in the tax year 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q34 Please list services you have provided/received as a music manager without financial payment.

Q35 Did you earn any income or incur expenses in your music management business outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to Q41.

Q36 How much income did you earn outside of Australia in your music management business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q37 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign countiy (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q38 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your music management business in the tax year 2015-2016 (in AUD)?

Q39 What percentages of the above expenses outside Australia were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q40 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q41 How many music acts do you manage?

Q42 What type of acts do you manage?

Artists (1)

Songwriters (2)

Producers (3)

Musicians (4)

Other (5)

Q43 Which best describes the music of the artists you manage?

Alternative (1)

Blues (2)

Classical (3)

Countiy (4)

Electronic dance (5)

Folk/roots (6)

Hip hop (7)

Jazz (8)

Metal (9)

Pop (10)

RnB (11)

Soul(12)

World (13)

Other (14)

Question block 4 record label

Q44 How many years has your record label been operating?

Q45 How much did you earn from your record label in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q46 What percentages of your record label income came from the following sources?

_Physical formats (1)

_Online and mobile downloads (2)

_Subscriptions (3)

_Public performance and broadcast (4)

_Synchronisation (5)

_Digital exploitation of audio-visual content (6)

_Merchandising (7)

_Other (8)

Q47 How much did you spend in total in the tax year 2015-2016 in your record label business?

Q48 What percentages of the above expenses were for the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other goods and services (3)

Q49 How many people did you employ in your record label business in the tax year 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q50 Please list sendees you have provided/received as a record label without financial payment.

Q51 Do you have international co-label partnerships? If yes, please list.

Q52 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses in your record label business outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block.

Q53 How much income did you earn outside of Australia in your record label business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q54 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q55 What percentages of the above income outside of Australia came from the following sources?

_Physical formats (1)

_Online and mobile downloads (2)

_Subscriptions (3)

_Public performance and broadcast (4)

_Synchronisation (5)

_Digital exploitation of audio-visual content (6)

_Merchandising (7)

_Other (8)

Q56 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your record label business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Q57 What percentages of the above expenses outside of Australia were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q58 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Question block 5 music publishing

Q59 How many years has your music publishing business been in operation? Q60 How much did you earn from music publishing in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q61 What percentages of your income as a music publisher came from the following?

_Royalties and rights (1)

_Mechanical royalties (2)

_Direct licensing (3)

_Other (4)

Q62 How much did you spend in the tax year 2015-2016 in your music publishing business?

Q63 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q64 Please list sendees you have provided/received as a music publisher without financial payment.

Q65 How many people did you employ in your music publishing business in the tax year 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q66 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses in your music publishing business outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block.

Q67 How much income did you earn outside of Australia from your music publishing business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q68 What are the top thr ee countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q69 What percentages of the above income came from the following sources outside of Australia?

_Royalties and rights payments from APRA, music publishers and

labels (1)

_Mechanical royalties (2)

_Direct licensing (3)

_Other source (4)

Q70 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your music publishing business in the tax year 2015-2016 (in AUD)?

Q71 What percentages of the above expenses outside of Australia were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q72 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in your music publishing business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Question block 6 music producer

Q73 How many years have you worked as a music producer?

Q74 How much time do you work as a music producer?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Casual (3)

Contractor (4)

Other (5)

Q75 How much did you earn from your activities as a music producer in the tax

year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q76 What percentages of your income as a music producer came from the following sources?

_Payments from artists/musicians (1)

_Payments from record companies (2)

_Royalties and rights payments (3)

_Royalties as eligible studio produce (4)

_Renting out your studio (5)

_Soundtrack/j ingle work (6)

_Voiceover work (7)

Q77 How much did you spend in the tax year 2015-2016 as a music producer? Q78 What percentages of your expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Question block 7 music production

Q79 How many people did you employ in your music production business in 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q80 Please list services you have provided/received as a music producer without financial payment.

Q81 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses as a music producer outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block.

Q82 How much income did you earn outside of Australia in your music production business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q83 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q84 What percentages of the above income outside of Australia came from the following sources?

_Payments from artists/musicians for services as a music producer

(1)

_Payments from record companies for services as a music producer

(2)

_Royalties and rights payments (3)

_Royalties as eligible studio producer/performer (4)

_Renting out your studio (5)

_Soundtrack/j ingle work (6)

_Voiceover work (7)

_Other (8)

Q85 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your music production business in the tax year 2015-2016 (in AUD)?

Q86 What percentages of the above expenses were for the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q87 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in your music production business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q88 How many years has your music production services business been operating?

Q89 How much time do you work in music production services?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Casual (3)

Contractor (4)

Other (5)

Q90 How much did you earn from your activities in music production services in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q91 What percentages of the above income came from the following sources?

_Payments from artists/musicians for music production services (1)

_Payments from record companies (2)

_Payments from venues and/or festivals (3)

_Renting out your studio (4)

_Renting out equipment (5)

_Repair and equipment maintenance (6)

_Other (7)

Q92 How much did you spend in total in the tax year 2015-2016 in your music production services business?

Q93 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q94 How many people did you employ in your music production business in 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q95 Please list sendees you have provided/received in your music production sendees business without financial payment.

Q96 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses outside of Australia in your music production services business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block.

Q97 How much income outside of Australia did you earn in your music production seivices business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)? Q98 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q99 What percentages of the above income outside of Australia came from the following sources?

_Payments from artists/musicians (1)

_Payments from record companies (2)

_Payments from venues and/or festivals (3)

_Renting out your studio (4)

_Repair and equipment maintenance (5)

_Other (6)

Q100 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your music production services business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Q101 What percentages of the above expenses outside of Australia were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q102 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in your music production seivices business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Question block 8 music promoter/booking agent

Q103 How many years have you been working as a music promoter/booking agent?

Q104 How much time do you work as a music promoter/booking agent? Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Casual (3)

Contractor (4)

Other (5)

Q105 How much did you earn from your activities as a music promoter/booking agent in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q106 What percentages of the above income came from the following sources?

_Ticket sales (1)

_Sponsorship (2)

_Other (3)

Q107 How much did you spend on your activities as a music promoter/booking agent in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q108 What percentages of the above expenses were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q109 Please list services you have provided/received as a music promoter without financial payment.

Q110 How many people did you employ in your music promotion/booking agency business in 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q111 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses as a music promoter/booking agent outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block

Q112 How much income did you earn outside of Australia from your music promotion/booking agency business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q113 What are the top three countries from which you earned the above income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign countiy (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q114 What percentages of the above income came from the following sources outside of Australia?

_Ticket sales (1)

_Sponsorship fees (2)

_Other (3)

Q115 How much did you spend in total outside of Australia in your music pro- motion/booking agency business in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q116 What percentages of the above expenses outside of Australia were on the following items?

_Wages and salaries of staff (other than yourself) (1)

_Travel (2)

_Other (3)

Q117 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in your music pro- motion/booking agency business in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Question block 9 other music-related job

Q118 What is your other music-related job or role?

Q119 How many years have you been working in this job or role?

Q120 How much did you earn from your activities in this job/role in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

Q121 How much did you spend in this job/role in the tax year 2015-2016? Q122 How many people did you employ in this job/role in 2015-2016? Please enter 0 if none.

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Q123 Please list services you have provided/received in this role without financial payment.

Q124 Did you earn any income or incur any expenses outside of Australia from this job/role in the tax year 2015-2016?

Yes (1)

No (2)

If no is selected, then skip to end of block.

Q125 How much income outside of Australia did you earn from this other job/ role in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax (in AUD)?

Q126 What are the top three countries from which you earned this income outside of Australia?

Top-earning foreign country (1)

Second highest earning foreign country (2)

Third highest earning foreign country (3)

Q127 How much did you spend in this job/role outside of Australia in the tax year 2015-2016 (in AUD)?

Q128 How many people did you employ outside of Australia in this job/role in the tax year 2015-2016?

Full-time (1)

Part-time (2)

Question block 10 Non-music related employment

Q129 How much did you earn from non-music related employment in the tax year 2015-2016 before tax?

End of survey

Q130 That’s the end of the survey! Are you interested in entering the prize draw? Yes (1)

No (2)

 
Source
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