The Degree of Dissemination of the Concept of a Cluster and a Cluster Organization

In order to assess the level of development and the degree of prevalence of the concepts of a cluster and a CO in the world, two databases, namely WoS and Scopus (Tab. 2.1 and 2.2), were scrutinized and reviewed in terms of their content. The selective research of the WoS database indicated scientific publications whose titles or topics related to “cluster” as the keyword, then the search was limited to full-text reviewed articles and book chapters. In the end, three subject areas were taken into consideration as a selective factor: Business, Management and Economics (Geography was also picked as an additional area because many works on the concept of clusters are published in this very field of science). A similar procedure was carried out with the Scopus database, yet the main search criteria were the title, abstract and the keywords; also different selective subject areas were chosen.

Having narrowed down the scope of search of scientific publications to the categories strictly relating to Business, Management and

Search criteria

Keyword

Cluster

Cluster

Cluster initiative

Cluster organization

Topic or title (all years)

953,692

494,912

73

216

Document types: article, book chapter

759,379

399,503

38

156

Categories: Business, Management, Economics

10,654

5,571

20

8

Categories: Business, Management, Economics, Geography

13,186

6,634

26

9

Cluster initiative

26

26

-

2

Cluster organization

9

9

2

-

Source: Authors’ own study based on the Web of Science Core Collection database (the figures quoted are as at March 21, 2020).

Search criteria

Keyword

Cluster

Cluster initiative

Cluster organization

Article title, Abstract, Keywords (all years)

864,353

206

353

Document types: article, book chapter

685,651

162

268

Subject area: Business, Management and Accounting; Economics, Econometrics and Finance

16,663

108

39

Subject area: Business, Management and Accounting; Economics, Econometrics and Finance; Social Sciences

41,634

145

67

Cluster initiative

473

-

24

Cluster organization

140

24

-

Source: Authors’ own study based on the Scopus database (the figures quoted are as at March 21, 2020).

Economics, ir was revealed that rhe WoS database provided more than 10.6 thousand publications on the cluster concept (and more than 5.5 thousand publications when the search was narrowed to the ones whose title or topic literally contained the word “cluster”). As far as the search in the Scopus database is concerned, even more publications on this subject were identified, i.e. over 16.6 thousand. Having added more categories, namely Geography (in the case of the WoS) and Social Sciences (in the case of Scopus), the pool of publications increased to almost 13.2 thousand (WoS) and over 41.6 thousand, respectively (Scopus). Taking into account the subject areas indicated in the WoS database, the biggest number of discourses on the cluster concept (6,634 works) was recorded in Economics - almost 2.5 thousand articles. The position of the other subjects in the ranking was Management (approximately 2.3 thousand works), Business (approximately 1.7 thousand works) and Geography (approximately 1.4 thousand works).

Analyzing the level of prevalence of the scientific papers on the discussed issues, it can be clearly seen that since the early 1990s (the publication of Porter’s first papers presenting the idea of a cluster), the number of publications in this area has been growing rapidly (especially in the recent years), reaching over 700 publications in 2019 (Fig. 2.1). When expanding the search of publications by removing the quotation marks in the keyword “cluster” (13,186), the search results of publications in 2019 reached 1.4 thousand.

A similar analysis was carried out to check the degree of prevalence of the concept of Cl and CO6 (Tab. 2.1 and 2.2). Using the key concept “Cl” and the other previously described search criteria, only 20 publications (in categories: Business, Management and Economics) and 26 publications (with extension to Geography) were selected in the WoS database. Having applied the key concept “cluster organization”, the number of selected works in both categories indicated above was 8 and 9, respectively. The Scopus database recorded slightly more publications in the analyzed area. In Management and Economics categories, 108 papers were identified with the key concept “cluster initiative” and 39 with the concept “cluster organization”. Having added Social Sciences as an additional category, the search results increased to 145 (Cl) and 67 (CO), respectively.

With regard to the results of the WoS database, it is worth indicating that the proportion of publications containing the key concept “cluster initiative” (26 publications) and “cluster organization” (9) towards publications concerning the subject or the title with the keyword “cluster” (6,634) is 0.39% and 0.14%, respectively. Almost the same results (0.35% and 0.16%) were obtained when taking into consideration the number of publications selected in the Scopus database (145 with the phrase “cluster initiative”, 67 with the key concept “cluster organization” and 41,634 for the word “cluster”). In addition, in order to find out how many scientific papers (out of the selected ones) on clusters relate to CIs and COs, additional key concepts “cluster initiative” and “cluster organization” were used. The obtained results appeared surprising (Tab. 2.1 and 2.2) - in the case of WoS this number was 26 (CIs) and 9 (COs), whereas the Scopus database provided the record of 473 (CIs) and 140 (COs) works.

The last analysis was conducted as to the field and the year of publication. The number of works concerning a cluster initiative/cluster organization in the selected subject areas was Economics - 12/3, Business - 7/4, Geography - 7/2 and Management - 3/2. The level of prevalence of scientific papers on the concept is very low and the number of such scientific papers amounts to individual pieces per each (of the analyzed) year (Fig. 2.2).

 
Source
< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >