Questions for Discussion

  • 1 What role would a crime analyst likely play in a terrorist situation such as the Boston Marathon bombing? If you were a crime analyst on duty that day in Boston, how would you see your role?
  • 2 Can crime be eliminated completely? Why or why not?

Important Terms

Intelligence: Data available to, collected by, or disseminated through the tactical crime analyst.

Intelligence analysis: Continually evaluating and analyzing data in order to provide the most useful possible information to police officers.

Real-time crime center (RTCC): Room in which the tactical crime analyst has at his or her disposal a bank of computers and extensive websites and data banks that allow access to and analysis of intelligence in order to provide practical and useful on-the-spot information to police officers in the field.

SARA: Model that was developed by Professor Herman Goldstein at the University ofWisconsin—Madison to enhance the problemsolving approach to policing. SARA is an acronym that stands for scanning, analysis, response, and assessment.

Tactical crime analyst: Trained analyst whose job it is to analyze crime and criminal events or offenses in order to provide practical intelligence to police officers, the police command, or the public.

Study Guide Questions

1 It was President Lyndon B. Johnson who appointed the:

a Presidents Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice

b Wickersham Commission

c Chicago Crime Commission

d Warren Commission

2 According to the Gallup, Inc. public opinion polls going back many years, a majority of Americans believe that crime:

a Is decreasing

b Always stays about the same

c Is increasing

d Is bloodier and more violent than ever

3 The history of humankind demonstrates that when people live together in societies, there is a need for more:

a Police officers on the street

b Drug agencies

c Rules and laws

d Real-time crime centers

4 Intelligence is the available to, collected by, or disseminated

through the tactical crime analyst.

a Secrets

b Higher IQ

c Inside information

d Data

5 The tactical crime analyst is the trained analyst whose job it is to:

a Assign police officers to a beat

b Analyze crime and criminal offenses

c Assess the reasons why criminals offend

d Accurately predict the next bank robbery

References

Barger, M. (1980). Crime: The unsolved problem. Foundation for Economic Education. Retrieved from: https://fee.org/articles/crime-the-unsolved-problem/

Beccaria, C. (1963). On Crimes and Punishments (trans. H. Paolucci). Englewood Clifts, NJ: The Library of Liberal Arts (originally published in 1764).

City-Data.com. (2019). Crime rate in Orlando, Florida. Retrieved from: www.city-data.com/crime/crime-Orlando-Florida.html

Farrington, K. (2000). History of Punishment and Torture: A Journey through the Dark Side of Justice. London: Hamlyn.

Friedman, L.(1993). Crime and Punishment in American History. New York: Basic Books.

Gargarin, M. (2002). Antiphon the Athenian: Oratory, Law and Justice in the Age of the Sophists. Austin: University ofTexas Press.

Greene, H.T., and Gabbidon, S.L. (Eds.). (2009). Encyclopedia of Race and Crime. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hunter, G. (2015, January 4). Detroit less violent in 2014, police data show. The Detroit News. Retrieved from: www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/metro-detroit/2015/01/03/violent-crimes-decline-detroit/21237927/

Johnson, L.B. (1966, September 29). Statement by the president at a meeting with a group of governors on problems of crime and law enforcement. Retrieved from: www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/statement-the-president-meeting-with-group-governors-problems-crime-and-law-enforcement

MacDonald, C., and Hunter, G. (2018, September 24). Detroit ranks as 2nd most violent big city. The Detroit News. Retrieved from: www.detroitnews.com/story/ news/2018/09/24/detroit-second-most-violent-city-fbi/1408465002/

McCarthy, J. (2014). Most Americans still see crime up over last year. Gallup Poll.

Retrieved from: https://news.gallup.com/poll/179546/americans-crime-last-year.aspx

National Drug Control Policy. (2014). A drug policy for the 21st century. Available at www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/drugpolicyreform

NOLA.com and Times-Picayune. (2013, May 18). Crime experts question NOPD stats that paint New Orleans as a safe city with a murder problem. Retrieved from: www.nola.com/crime/index.ssf/2013/05/new_orleans_crime_stats_analys.html

Oliver, W.M., and Hilgenberg, J.F. (2006). A History of Crime and Criminal Justice in America. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Presidents Commission on Law Enforcement. (1967). The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

Press Office: City of New York. (2014). De Blasio administration launches $130 million plan to reduce crime, reduce number of people with behavioral and mental health issues behind bars. Retrieved from: wwwl.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/537-14/de-blasio-administration-launches-130-million-plan-reduce-crime-reduce-number-people-with

Sacco, V, and Kennedy, L. (1996). The Criminal Event. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Sacco,V., and Kennedy, L. (2010).The criminal event perspective. In F.T. Cullen and P. Wilcox (eds.), Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 799-801.

Shelden, R.G. (2001). Controlling the Dangerous Classes: A Critical Introduction to the History of Criminal Justice. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

TribLive. (2016). Gallup survey: 7 in 10 Americans believe crime increased from previous year. Retrieved from: https://archive.triblive.com/news/gallup-survey-7-in-10-americans-believe-crime-increased-from-previous-year/

Yochelson, S., and Samenow, S.E. (1976). The Criminal Personality: Vol. 1: A Profile for Change. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aarons, Inc.

 
Source
< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >