Study Guide Questions
For questions 1—4, indicate whether the statement is true or false.
- 1 One of the major goals of strategic crime analysis is to assist in the identification and analysis of long-term problems, such as drug activity or auto theft.
- 2 Crime trends are long-term increases or decreases in crime.
- 3 Ron Clarke and John Eck define a crime problem as a recurring set of related harmful events in a community that members of the public expect the police to address.
- 4 Initially, strategic crime analysts use information from the public library as their data.
5 One of the two major goals of strategic crime analysis is to conduct studies to investigate or evaluate relevant responses and procedures as part of a problem-solving process.
a To find short-term solutions to short-term crime problems
b To investigate corruption within the police department
c To conduct studies to investigate or evaluate relevant responses and procedures as part of a problem-solving process
d To conduct studies to determine why there are so many poor drivers on the highways
6 The qualitative research methods specific to crime analysis include field research, content analysis, interviews, surveys, and
a Statistical analysis of data
b Talking to Supreme Court justices
d Focus groups
7 Although the SARA model is based on the problem-oriented policing
work of Herman Goldstein, the acronym SARA actually was developed by and in.
a Eck and Spelman in 1987
b Clarke and Eck in 1998
c James Q. Wilson and George Kelling in 1982
d Elliot and Spitzer in 1995
8 There are basically two kinds of reports that come from strategic crime analysts. One is publications that track and describe trends; the other is publications that
a Describe geopolitical crime mapping
b Analyze crime problems
c Are distributed to convenience stores
d Focus on the data provided in the Uniform Crime Reports
Bruce, C.W. (2008). Crime analysis publications. In S.L. Gwinn, C. Bruce,J.P. Cooper, and S.R. Hick (eds.), Exploring Crime Analysis: Reading on Essential Skills. Overland Park, KS: International Association of Crime Analysts, pp. 342—363.
Canter, P.R. (2000). Geographic information systems and crime analysis in Baltimore County, Maryland. In D. Weisburd and J.T McEwen (eds.), Crime Mapping and Crime Prevention. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 157—190.
Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. (2007). Understanding risky facilities. Retrieved from: https://popcenter.asu.edu/content/understanding-risky-facilities
Clarke, R.V., and Eck,J. (2003). Become a Problem Solving Crime Analyst: In 55 Small Steps. London: Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science. Retrieved from: https:// popcenter.asu.edu/sites/default/files/library/reading/PDFs/55stepsUK.pdf
Clarke, R.V., and Eck,J. (2005). Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers: In 60 Small Steps. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing.
Eck, J.E., and Spelman, W. (1987). Problem-oriented policing. Research in Brief. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from: www.ncjrs.gov/ pdtfilesl /Digitization/102371 NCJRS.pdf
Fritz, N.J., Baer, S., Helms, D, and Hick, S.R. (2008). Qualitative analysis. In S.L. Gwinn, C. Bruce, J.P. Cooper, and S.R. Hick (eds.), Exploring Crime Analysis: Reading on Essential Skills. Overland Park, KS: International Association of Crime Analysts, pp. 128—157.
Goldstein, H. (1979). Improving policing: A problem-oriented approach. Crime & Delinquency, 25(20): 236-243.
Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-Oriented Policing. New York: McGraw-Hill.
International Association of Crime Analysts. (2014). Definition and Types of Crime Analysis: Standards, Methods &Technology Methods. White Paper 2014-02. Overland Park, KS: International Association of Crime Analysts.
Maxfield, M.G., and Babbie, E. (1995). Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Peed, C.,Wilson, R.E., and Scalisi, N.J. (2008). Making smarter decisions: Connecting crime analysis with city officials. Police Chief, 75(f)). Available at: www. policechiefmagazine.org/ making-smarter-decisions-connecting-crime-analysis-with-city-officials/
Petersilia,J. (2011, October). Beyond the prison bubble. NIJJournal, 268.
Santos, R.B. (2013). Crime Analysis with Crime Mapping. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Schutt, R.K. (1999). Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research. 2nd ed.Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
Taylor, R.B., and Harrell, A.V. (1996). Physical Environment and Crime. National Institute of Justice Research Report. Retrieved from: www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/ physenv.pdf
Tewksbury, R. (2009). Qualitative versus quantitative methods: Understanding why qualitative methods are superior for criminology and criminal justice. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Criminology, 1(1): 38—58.