Administrative Crime Analysis
1 What is administrative crime analysis?
a Definition of administrative crime analysis
b Focus of administrative crime analysis
c Differences from strategic crime analysis and tactical crime analysis
2 What administrative crime analysts do
a Data analyzed
b Reports produced
3 Administrative crime analysis and its methods
a Quantitative methods
b Qualitative methods
4 Administrative crime analysis process
a Data and analyzing research
5 Administrative crime analysis and its reports
a Types of reports
b How reports are disseminated
a End result of administrative crime analysis
Learning Objectives for Chapter 15
- 1 Understand administrative crime analysis
- 2 Be able to differentiate administrative crime analysis from strategic crime analysis and from tactical crime analysis
- 3 Learn the various ways in which data are analyzed in administrative crime analysis
- 4 Know the audience for administrative crime analysis reports
The largest difference between administrative crime analysis and the other types of crime analysis is that administrative crime analysis focuses on the presentation of information rather than pattern identification, statistical analysis, or evaluation. The creation of a crime bulletin for departmental use only is an example of administrative crime analysis.This crime bulletin would likely identify a problematic offender the agency is trying to capture, and would provide incident information as well as contact information for the lead investigator or analyst working the case.
Providing information to citizens about a crime spree in a local neighborhood is another example of a task an administrative crime analyst would partake in.
(Stevenson, 2013, pp. 34—35)
Administrative crime analysis is different from the previous types of crime analysis—tactical crime analysis and strategic crime analysis—that we have discussed so far. By definition, administrative crime analysis is the presentation of interesting findings of crime research and analysis based on legal, political, and practical concerns to inform audiences within the police administration, the city government or the city council, as well as citizens.
Therefore, the major difference from those types of crime analysis previously discussed is that administrative crime analysis refers to presentations of findings rather than to statistical analysis or research. Administrative crime analysis is not about solving crimes or determining crime trends. Instead, it is more about the decision of what information to present and how to do so. Often, the type of information that is presented represents the “tip of the iceberg” of all the work and analysis that has previously been done (Santos, 2013). For example, in administrative crime analysis, an executive summary of a report might be presented, rather than a full report.
Why Is It Called Administrative Crime Analysis?
Administrative crime analysis is so named because it is analysis directed toward the administrative needs of the police department, its government, and its community (International Association of Crime Analysts, 2014). As a type of crime analysis, it can include a wide variety of techniques and products, used and produced both regularly and on request. These techniques and products include statistics, data printouts, maps, and charts. They also include workload calculations by area and shift, officer activity reports, responses to media requests, statistics provided for grant applications, reports to community groups, and cost-benefit analyses of police programs. However, as you will learn in Chapter 16, some of the later reports may fall into a fourth category of crime analysis, often called operations crime analysis or police operations crime analysis (International Association of Crime Analysts, 2014).
Are there Areas of Administrative Crime Analysis that Have Little to Do with Analysis?
The brief answer to this question is yes. Administrative crime analysis, while a valid and valuable category of crime analysis, exists to support a police agency’s efforts in planning, community relations, and funding, among many other areas (International Association of Crime Analysts, 2014). The reality of the profession of crime analyst is that analysts often do many things unrelated to analysis. Processes and techniques of administrative crime analysis include:
- • Districting and redistricting analysis
- • Patrol staffing analysis
- • Cost-benefit analysis
- • Resource deployment for special events (International Association of Crime Analysts, 2014)