The Humanitarian Fix: Navigating Civilian Protection in Contemporary Wars

Humanitarian protection in war: the official storyMandated humanitarian agencies and protectionINGOs and protectionProtection and non-state armed actorsNon-state armed actors and restraintBehind the official storyMethods and conceptsThe ethnographic perspectiveTheoretical frameworksA critical view of humanitarian protectionHow this story unfoldsNotesReferencesI: Critical history and theoretical frameworkA contested history of humanitarian protectionThe discourse of war and the stateHumanitarian protection and the stateHumanitarian protection in warThe laws of warUniversalityA critique of universalityConclusion: protection in contemporary warsNotesReferencesReframing humanitarian protectionIntroduction: protection through the lens of anthropologyFraming development ethnographies theoreticallyAgency and negotiationActor-oriented approachMultiple narrativesDevelopment actors and their unifying narrativeNetworks of actorsPolicy as unifying narrativeDevelopment brokersA new development frameworkFrom development to humanitarianism, policy to legal frameworksHumanitarian protection as a network of actorsDifferent actors, different motivationsThe unifying protection narrativeFoundations of the unifying protection narrativeThe unifying narrative and new warsMaintaining the networkHumanitarian brokers, translators and travellersWho is the broker?The return of the brokerBrokers of humanitarianismTravellersTranslatorsConclusion: Towards an ethnography of humanitarian protectionNotesReferencesII: An ethnography of humanitarian protectionIntermediaries and the humanitarian networkIntroductionHumanitarians as intermediaries and disseminatorsRelief and accessDissemination and promotionHumanitarian spaceRepresentations of humanitarian spaceThe humanitarian networkCompeting agendas and emerging culturesProtection frameworks and the official responseConclusionNotesReferencesHumanitarian brokers and translatorsIntroductionRelational actorsRelational thinkingRelational thinking and the humanitarian fixBuilding and maintaining relationshipsRelationships and trustKnowledge brokersSharing knowledgeKnowledge chains and local agentsKnowledge and the local fixHumanitarian translatorsTranslating the global to the localTranslation tacticsThe official and unofficial scriptsConclusion: brokers, translators and the humanitarian fixNotesReferencesHumanitarian travellers and local fixersIntroductionThe global centre and the local fieldHumanitarians and the global centreHumanitarians and the fieldComplicating this discursive fieldThe systematic effects of the centre/field relationshipHumanitarian travellersTravel and neutralityTravel and knowledgeInformal knowledgeThe problems of humanitarian transienceThe double bind of humanitarian mobilityThe local fixerUnderstanding the local humanitarian intermediaryConclusionNotesReferencesConclusionHow does protection work in contemporary wars?Humanitarian space and its network of actorsProtection frameworks as a discourseHumanitarian intermediariesContemporary wars and the disruptions to the discourseHumanitarian brokers and translatorsHumanitarian travellersThe local humanitarian fixerThe humanitarian fixMoral transactionPublic and hidden scriptsDecolonising protectionDirections for further researchApplied implicationsPeopleNetworksKnowledgeIn closingReferences
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