Religion in Los Angeles: Religious Activism, Innovation, and Diversity in the Global City


The California dreamThe Southern California imaginaryThe lay of the landNotesSection I: ThenRivers of living water: Radical social behaviors and religious innovations on Azusa Street, 1906-1909Complicating the "Black Root" of Azusa StreetThe multiethnic environment of Los AngelesThe holy spirit as a mechanism of inclusionDangerous fanaticismsSocial transgressionsThe liminality of the revival momentNotesFunding fundamentalism: Lyman Stewart, hard financing and the creation of the Bible Institute of Los AngelesFounding an empire of oil and religion, 1900-1913Los Angeles, the city of business values and the Bible, 1913-1919Lyman Stewart's legacy, 1920-1923NotesInternational guru as local swami: Paramhansa Yogananda and the religious culture of Southern CaliforniaThe making of Swami YoganandaSouthern California as a spiritual frontierMarketing yoga religion in the nation's image capitalSouthern California's spiritual landscapesConclusionNotesBorderlands believers: Migrant laborers and the growth of Latino Pentecostalism from Los AngelesRoots of Mexican Pentecostalism: Los AngelesThe binational branch: Mexico's borderlandsTransplanting a movement: The Imperial ValleyGrafting new branches: The Central ValleyConclusion: Pruning the narrative?NotesReligion and the civic landscape: The case of the Los Angeles County Committee for Church and Community CooperationThe distance yet to be traveled: Reverend J. Raymond Henderson and the African American civil rights struggle, 1941-1963The making of a respectable Black pastorHenderson's militant approach to civil rights in wartime Los AngelesAnticommunism and Henderson's tenuous respectabilityHenderson as a "Home Front Hero" in the fight for civil rightsThe limits of Henderson's respectable militancyNotesThe Pentecost Moment: Los Angeles as global Christian space in the late twentieth centuryIntroductionChanging neighborhoods as global Christian spacesInterfaith dialog: Global encounters in local spacesMaking global space in Catholic parishesConclusion"The Flying Nun" and "The Painting Nun": Gender, conflict, and representation in 1960s Los AngelesThe nuns and their churchThe nuns and their cityThe nuns and the cardinalConclusionNotesTheosophy and the realization of Southern California's divine destinyForming, practicing, and disputing Theosophical truthsSeeking the sixth Root Race in Southern CaliforniaCapitalizing on natureTheosophy in the public eyeConclusionNotesSection II: NowRedeeming the city: Los Angeles in the social imagination of an urban social ministryIntroductionThe significance of placeGeographic locationMaterial formInterpretations of Los AngelesConclusionNotesExpanding "Never Again": Jewish Angelenos respond to genocideIntroductionLos Angeles JewryHarnessing the interests of cosmopolitan parochialsRelational while individualisticConclusionNotesJustice activism and Latino spiritualities: Los Angeles as a post-colonial border spaceSouthern California seen through a post-colonial lensThe creation of the borderLayered border spiritualitiesThe United Farmworkers and the veneration of the Lady of GuadalupeThe presence of indigenous spiritualities within the Chicano/a MovementThe 1980s Sanctuary Movement's embrace of liberation theologyIndigenous spiritualities among young immigrant rights activistsConcluding commentsNotesSustaining borderlands traditions in a Latinx Pentecostal ChurchEarly borderlands ProtestantismShaped by the borderlandsLa Gran Cosecha SobrenaturalBorderlands Protestantism in Santa AnaEchoes from the borderlandsConverging transnationalismsNotesAum Shalom: Jews, gurus, and religious hybridity in the City of AngelsIntroductionA brief history of Jews in Los Angeles"Go West!": Locating an epicenter of religious hybridityJews among gurusThe hybridity, creativity, and peril of outsider identificationConclusionNotesKorean megachurches in the Greater Los Angeles areaThe phenomenon of Korean Protestantism and American influenceKorean immigration to Los AngelesThe ecology of the Korean megachurches in the Greater Los Angeles areaA comparison of Korean megachurches in Seoul and Los AngelesConcluding remarksNotesJapanese Americans and the birth - and rebirth - of Buddhism in the City of AngelsPlanting the seeds of Shin BuddhismThe crucible of World War IIRebuilding Buddhism in post-war Los AngelesCivil rights and Buddhist modernityNew faces for old teachingsConclusionNotesThe legacy of religious diversity in Los Angeles and Southern CaliforniaIntroductionDividing up CaliforniaDiversityAnglo Evangelicals in Southern CaliforniaDemographic differencesReligious dimensionsDenomination and congregationBehaviorsOrthodox religious beliefPutting geography in context: A multivariate analysisBehaviorsGod and BibleSocial attitudesHeaven, Hell, religion, and evolutionSummary and conclusionNotes