How Blockchain Solutions Can Address Health Care Challenges

Because of its inherent transparency and security features, blockchain technologycan reimagine every aspect of health care services, including drug traceability, the accessibility of medical services, insurance processing, payment and settlement, and medical financial services.

TABLE 13.1

Blockchain Application in Health Care Systems

Blockehain Application in Medical Devices Supply Chain

  • • Unique identifiers for clinical devices or resources on the blockehain.
  • • Autonomous observing and preventive upkeep of clinical devices.
  • • Secure tracking and management of medeical devices and medical assets with unique identifiers on the blockehain.
  • • Encryption and permanent storage of device-generated health data with access control and smart contact highlights.

Blockehain for Health Care Insurance

  • • Automating claims, the executives to dispose of non-value-producing procedures and mediators.
  • • Automating endorsing, strategy protection, and other BIR exercises.
  • • Improving petitioner and recipient KYC process.

Blockehain for Electronic Health Care Records

  • • Longitudinal Electronic Health Records (EHRs).
  • • Improving health data trade across different human sendees suppliers.
  • • Ensuring information consistency and security.

Blockehain for Drug Supply Chain

  • • Automating the serialization and geo-labeling process across value chain exercises, for example, creation, improvement, and testing by manufacturing offices.
  • • Improving track-and-follow frameworks and guarantee consistence with US FDA. EU FMD.
  • • Checking drug duplication.

Blockehain for Clinical Trials

  • • Clinical exploration and information sharing.
  • • Managing IP and RandD resource exchanges on the blockehain.

Blockchain is a dispersed framework that records shared exchanges, tracks progressions across systems, and stores and trades information for cryptographies. Blockchain innovation can possibly change health insurance, putting the patient at the center of the human services biological system and upgrading the security, protection, honesty, and interoperability of health information. This innovation will offer another, more successful and secure model for health data trades (HIE) as shown in Table 13.1 [39].

Blockchain Implementation Frameworks

Blockchain Development Platform and APIs

As a part of the Blockchain V2.0 protocol projects, several blockchain developer platform and project companies offer various tools and APIs, to facilitate blockchain application development. Blockchain offers a variety of APIs specific to the type of application, which are discussed in the following sections and shown in Figure 13.4.

Receive Payments API: Version 2 of this interface has been accessible since January 1,2016. This is the least complex path for an organization or business to start to acknowledge mechanized installments in Bitcoin. The API depends on HTTP GET demands and is accountable for making a solitary location for every client and for each receipt given in each Bitcoin exchange, a fundamental condition for good praxis.

Blockchain Wallet API: Since January 1, 2016, to utilize this API, it has been important to introduce a nearby worker to deal with the virtual wallet. The specialized strategy utilized depends on HTTP POST or GET calls. The procedure for

Blockchain APIs

FIGURE 13.4 Blockchain APIs. [This figure shows the Blockchain Development Platform and APIs, such as blockchain Data API, Charts and Statistics API, Web Socket API[s], Exchange Rates API, Query API. JSON RPC API. blockchain Wallet API, and Receive Payment APIs.]

making a virtual wallet is known as create_wallet from this url: http://localhost:3000/ programming interface/v2/make. Every wallet is related to a secret key with a base length of 10 characters, a validation code for the API, a private code for every client, the organizer where the wallet is made, and an email address.

JSON RPC API: Since March 2016, the general suggestion for Bitcoin clients is to utilize the new Blockchain Wallet API, despite the fact that the interface dependent on RPC calls keeps on being perfect with the old Bitcoin RPC, to communicate with virtual monetary forms. It may very well be introduced and utilized from libraries in various programming dialects: linguistic structure, for example. Python, Ruby, PHP, Node.js, and .NET.

Blockchain Data API: This can be utilized to counsel the information on the exchanges and activities inside the blockchain in JSON design.

Inquiry API: Plain content API for questioning blockchain information.

WebSocket API: This application programming interface gives software engineers access to continuous notices on exchanges and squares.

Trade Rates API: This deals with the data on Bitcoin trade rates and universal monetary forms continuously and in JSON.

Graphs and Statistics API: The Blockchain Charts and Statistics API gives a straightforward interface to automatically collaborate with the graphs and insights shown on

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