Data Theft in Indonesia: A Case Study on Facebook


The fundamental rights known as right to privacy should be protected. Ironically, this is consciously carried publicly in online social network. Currently, Facebook is the largest social media with more than 2.5 billion users and they store their private information in Facebook server. In April 2018, more than 1 million data of Facebook users were stolen in Indonesia through other parties. The owner of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, admitted that the Facebook data of Indonesian user had been stolen by the users of other parties for their benefit. For this issue, the Indonesian Government circulated a warning letter to the Facebook owner and required clarification regarding those cases. It also shows how the Government’s seriousness for the protection of personal information of its citizen is still a question. The Government of Indonesia took a bold step to protect their citizens’ account information by using the protection rights of International Instrument and Indonesian legal Instruments on the protection of private rights. This section would give a proper explanation about what the Government of Indonesia should do to take a hold of this situation. To protect the public information socialisation is required towards Indonesian society should be done from the bottom to top level.


Year after year, the information technology has spread far and wide in Indonesia. The harmony between the information technology and media has resulted in a growing variety of social services virtually. The use of social platform and Internet in various fields makes things easier. One of the legal issues which sometimes occur is the protection of user’s rights by a user on his or her privacy (Asih Antika, 2018). The right to privacy refers to the rights used by a professional to protect their rights. Some of the researchers or experts express this understanding of the right to privacy. The way of communication between people and the forwarded content must be through some guidelines. The extent of privacy coverage usually makes the number of privacy setting at different levels.

The international legal instrument, freedom of privacy, is recognised as a basic right to every users of the Internet. All these provisions are a part of Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). These declarations have provided legal power to its user to protect user information. All these are present in Articles 3 and 17 of UDHR. All these protections are based on the two classes of protection - first, civil and political rights and second, protection of economy, cultural, and social rights. This is also called ECOSOC. One of the best rules of law and its obligation is one of the positive movements of its citizens. Peoples maintained all these rules regularly. This was done so that the citizens of Indonesia do not feel anxious that their personal data might be used or knowrn to other users that he does not desire (Prosser, 2012). For an example, the personal data of Indonesian user utilised by Cambridge Analytica to reach 87 million people on social network platform called Facebook. The incident of data theft took place from the Facebook Corporation and one of the applications called ‘thisisyourdigitallife.’ At a survey, it came into picture that more than 748 users have installed the same application from 2013 to 2015. By this application, more than 1 million people got affected and lost their information. More than 1.26% people got affected through this incidence according to Facebook analysis.

The various rules like Regulation 20 and Article 17 are outlined in a ministerial regulation. In this rule it is mentioned that the personal data can also be used for the protection of the user’s personal information in an electronic way (Yusuf, 2018). The owner of the account, who is only allowed to access the privacy of his data, has a right to lodge a complaint in order to settle a private information. Though the rule imposed in Indonesia for protecting a user’s personal information is not sufficient, it is highly essential to create and impose the personal data protection law in Indonesia to protect user’s information and account in Facebook or in another social network platform.

Based on the previous concern, the first issue to be described in this chapter is the extension of rules and regulations in Indonesia to protect the user’s account and information. Next we explain how the Indonesian Government take certain policies and steps to provide privacy and data-pro- tection mechanisms.

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