Facebook Data Breaker in Indonesia
In the year 2013, one of the researchers of Cambridge University, Aleksandr Kogan, created a quiz app called ‘thisisyourdigitallife.’ This app is used by more than 3 Lakh people who are interested to share their personal information. Also, some of the users share their friend’s data using this app (Ayuwuragil, 2018). After this, Facebook changed their data sharing policies and accessibility. According to the new policy, the developer of the app will have no access to any information from his/her friend. For that the friends of the user must have to download the app on his/her system.
After 2 years, Facebook got information from the media that Kogan has shared theses data to Cambridge Analytica by violating the principle of Facebook’s policies. For this issue, the platform removed this app from their environment. But the Cambridge Analytics did not delete all the data as they had promised before. At the later stage, Facebook took action against Cambridge Analytics and removed all these services. Later the Cambridge Analytics agreed to delete all these information and to be gone with forensic proof. But the misuse of information by Kogan is widely cited as the largest data theft. As per Facebook, the theft information had spread over more than 90 million people.
Expert Opinion Regarding the Data Leak Case
One of the experts in cyber security, Pradama Persadha, from the Security Research Institute of Cyber and Communication from Indonesia analysed the threats related to Facebook. He reveals that the data leakage involves more than 1 million social network users in Indonesia. This is due to low security platform set by the government of Indonesia. Facebook Indonesia is still searching threats related to data leak and promise to conduct internal audit before investigation was completed. This promise has previously been conveyed by representatives of Facebook Indonesia in a public meeting for an hour by the representatives on April 2016 (http://www.australiaplus.com/ indonesian/berita/fb-indonesia-dibareskrim/9674954). As a result, the house gives 1-month time to Facebook to submit its internal audit result. This result will be used to analyse the data theft issues suing potential hazards.
At the same time, he said discussing the matter with the Facebook manager in Indonesia would not have a significant impact on the settlement and follow-up in this case because Indonesia does not have the power to bargain with Facebook to follow the rules of Government. On the contrary, this point is the momentum for Indonesia to work for security principles on social media platform to protect user information and account. Same as China exemplifying Google to operate in their country and run all these using the microblogging platform Called Weibo. But the Indonesian Government admitted that there are still some security issues that exist. For now, the government is only trying to protect the user information from unauthorised access and data leak too.
NGO Comments on the Privacy Issues
According to the Chairman of Cyber Law Centre, Faculty of Law Padjadjaran University, stated that the protection of personal information regulation increases day by day. This leads to protect the information as well as increases the usage of Internet in Indonesia. It also enhances the sustainability of digital economy in future. The deputy director of ELSAM supports Sinta Dewi’s opinion citing the resources adapted by the UN General Assembly pointing to Article 19 of the Covenant on Civil and politics (Antara, 2018). The statement describes that the protection of people those who are use on-line platform and may in off-line mode.
By considering both these cases, UN encourages state members to revise the policies related to Internet. According to the professor Wahyudi Djafar, Facebook case in Indonesia needs some analysis through data engineering rather than in line with the protection of citizens based on the usage of Internet. If it persists, the same will be continued by affecting the preferences of the online social media users with the penalties of without the rights of individual citizens. Even if he asked the Parliament to create laws for the PDP in the 2018-2019 national legislation (Sahoo & Gupta, 2020), according to him, at the time of hearing, no one will be against the establishment of that Law, so there is no reason to postpone the house.
It is not the right to block Facebook application in Indonesia due to misuse of users by the third party for data theft according to the Institute for Policy Research and advocacy. It is better to identify which data are leak, what data have been transfer, and what exactly are the violation by audits with Government and Facebook. The main issue of blocking the services always depends on the government policy and regulation. If there is no right reason, then shutdown of the application is unnecessary, otherwise it violates the principle of Facebook application. In addition to the joint audit, the government of Indonesia processes one recovery mechanism against Facebook users who deviate to follow the rules. Compensation money is also charged to Facebook with updating terms and services.
It is a better practice by the user to alienation or misuse of data will not happen again in future. Some shot of education also provided by the Facebook to handle properly the account in future. By looking to the above cases, Elsam sees the importance of human rights on various development processes. Human rights are formulated in the form of legal instrument to protect public information. To protect people’s private rights, normative forms are important (Dahiya & Gupta, 2020). By this process, it ensures technological and machinery work along with artificial intelligence for various benefits of users like data collection, information exchange, and many more with protection.
It is concluded that the government of Indonesia has done various protective measures to protect user information in Facebook. The law implicitly provides privacy in a guaranteed manner. In the level of legislation, the legal regulation has not been properly outlined.
Government Undertook Measures
The Minister of Communication and Informatics of Indonesia said his cross care escorting the energy to hold Facebook accountable. Because, the ministerial staff says it may affect through Facebook accountable in upcoming election. The government of Indonesia had sent an explanation letter to Facebook regarding data theft and its prevention. The Government also suggested to stop using the applications related to Facebook application and all accessibilities. Same way, the company should not submit any information directly to the account owner to actively disable the content (Gupta, Sahoo, Chugh, Iota, & Shukla, 2020). If a user uses Facebook as an application, all the responsibilities of the user should be taken by Facebook. Regarding administrative sanction, the Ministry of communication and Informatics will take cares and while criminal activities are of concern, the police will take care.