Therapeutic activities refer to carefully selected and targeted activities aimed at helping people with physical, mental, social adaptability, and emotional disorders. These activities enable patients to recover, develop, and maintain an appropriate lifestyle that can reflect their own values, improve their quality of life, and bring satisfaction physically and mentally.
- 1) To enhance the sense of independence and build confidence, activities such as painting, calligraphy, clay sculpture, weaving, origami, mosaic, etc., may be used.
- 2) To boost the sense of accomplishment and satisfaction, activities such as woodworking, pottery making, painting, calligraphy, weaving, origami, mosaic, and other operations that can produce physical objects may be used.
- 3) To adjust emotions and divert attention, activities such as playing music, board games, card games, or video games as well as painting, calligraphy, clay sculpture, weaving, origami, mosaic, etc., may be used.
- 4) To regulate emotions and promote psychological balance, cathartic activities such as woodworking, hammering, paper-cutting, and clay sculpture allow patients to vent out negative emotions and promote psychological balance.
- 5) To improve cognitive and perceptual functions, activities such as playing music, board games, card games, and electronic games as well as painting and calligraphy can improve patients’ attention, problemsolving, and execution ability (mainly for elderly COVID-19 patients).
- 1) To enhance labor skills, activities such as carpentry, metalworking, typing, handicraft making, gardening, etc., can be used.
- 2) To improve occupational adaptability, collective activities such as board games, card games, and ball games can enhance the sense of competition and cooperation, promote interpersonal communication, improve the relationship between colleagues, thus improving occupational adaptability.
- 3) To boost patients’ confidence in re-employment, making products through therapeutic activities such as carpentry, pottery, clay modeling, painting, calligraphy, weaving, origami, mosaic, and art crafting may be used.
- 1) To improve social contact and relationships, activities such as gardening and playing board games, card games, and music may be used.
- 2) To promote social reintegration, productive, competitive, and recreational activities can help patients adapt to the social environment and return to society sooner.
Main Techniques and Methods for Psychological Rehabilitation of COVID-19 Patients
Supportive therapy can help patients express their emotional and cognitive problems, remove doubts, improve their mood, correct bad behaviors, and boost their confidence to overcome the disease, thus promoting the process of physical and mental recovery.
Hie main methods of supportive therapy are as follows:
- 1) Guiding and encouraging patients to express their emotions: First, establish a good doctor-patient relationship through conversation, care, and understanding so that patients are willing to express their deep feelings. For patients who are not good at expressing themselves, doctors can guide them or demonstrate ways they can express themselves. If the patient makes emotional reactions, the therapist should show tolerance and understanding and give timely affirmations and strengthening. Patients’ expression of psychological requirements and emotions play an important role in easing emotions.
- 2) Explanation: This helps patients to ease excessive worries, establish confidence, and strengthen cooperation. It also helps create good psychological conditions for treatment and encourage patients to cooperate with the treatment to the maximum extent. Different explanation methods and techniques should be applied to different patients according to the nature and regularity of the diseases. For some patients, doctors keep their existing psychological problems confidential for the time being, so as to avoid aggravating the psychological burden of patients and make patients feel at ease to receive treatment actively. In addition, doctors can also give some patients a scientific explanation to establish their confidence to overcome the disease.
- 3) Encouraging and comforting: COVID-19 patients tend to have extreme psychological reactions, such as showing fear, worry, anxiety, depression, pessimism, despair, or even attempting to commit suicide. Especially when the treatment effect is not obvious, patients may have greater emotional fluctuations. Therefore, the treatment personnel should give timely enthusiastic and pertinent encouragement as well as comfort according to patients’ psychological problems and characteristics, so that they can cheer them up and boost their confidence.
- 4) Guaranteeing: Ensure that patients can accept examination and treatment results, so as to boost their confidence in overcoming the disease. However, doctors can only give patients a neutral or limited guarantee under practical conditions, in order to relieve patients’ pressure and enhance their confidence. Unrealistic guarantees are forbidden.
- 5) Improving the environment: This mainly refers to improving the interpersonal environment related to patients. On the one hand, medical staff should help patients eliminate the adverse factors in interpersonal relationship. On the other hand, they should help add some new and beneficial factors. In addition, doctors should seek mental support from patients’ family members and relatives and ensure that they are able to communicate effectively.
Supportive therapy is a therapeutic method for COVID-19 patients. It can help patients relieve their depressed emotions or concerns about the rehabilitation of COVID-19. It can also enhance their confidence in pulmonary rehabilitation treatment, improve their interpersonal relationships, and establish a positive and reasonably therapeutic doctor-patient relationship.