International Society in the Early Twentieth Century Asia-Pacific: Imperial Rivalries, International

I: Understanding trans-Pacific interactions: The liberal inter-imperial order in the “Pacific” region, 1920–1960The terminology of the region: The “Pacific” region and the “Asia-Pacific” regionBeyond the national-international binary: Inter-imperialism and inter- colonialismBeing “liberal” in the age of empires: The liberal inter-imperial orderConcluding thoughtsThe Institute of Pacific Relations (1925–61): Non-Western origins of IR studyThe Institute of Pacific Relations: Asia-Pacific origins of IRPacific: A new arena for peace distinguished from “old” EuropeCritical examination of Western-centric concept of “peace”Conflicts over nationalismConclusionNotesManchukuo’s quest for “recognition” and the Institute of Pacific RelationsWhy was the IPR selected? The structure and membership of the IPR and Japanese expectation of CanadaInfluence of the transformation of the British Dominions on the Japanese concepts of recognition of ManchukuoCanadian reaction and Manchukuo in 1934ConclusionNotesThe cultural exchange programs in the prewar period as cultural borderlands: The Japan-America Student Conference and the Philippines-Japan Student ConferenceThe Japan-America Student Conference in the prewar periodNisei and the Japan-America Student ConferenceThe Philippines-Japan Student Conference in the prewar periodThe continuity of the prewar student conference to the postwar periodConclusionNotesII: The regeneration of international society in the Asia-Pacific: Toward the postwar yearsWesternization narratives re-examined: Through the eyes of Edwin O. Reischauer and John K. FairbankThe war’s impact on intellectualsEdwin O. Reischauer and John K. Fairbank: the history' of modernity of East AsiaConclusionNotesWilliam R. Castle and his Japanese connections: Focusing on the period after he left the State DepartmentThe Japanese Embassy and Castle after he left the State DepartmentAn example of Japanese who visited Castle: Nomura KichisaburôAn example of Japanese who visited Castle: Suma YakichiroConclusionNotesJapanese Americanists’ visions of the Asia-Pacific order: From the prewar to the postwar yearsThe “apostles of the Nitobe sect” as Japanese AmericanistsThe prewar yearsThe postwar yearsConclusionNotesSSRC’s Committee on Comparative Politics and the struggle to construct a general theory of political modernization using the Japanese model: Scholarly endeavors of Robert E. WardMethodological debate and inquiry into political modernization of JapanThe Japan-Turkey Conference on political modernizationStudies in political culture—Japan’s caseThe Conference on the Allied Occupations of Japan and Germany and Ward’s view on the American occupation of JapanConclusionNotesEpilogue
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