Ceramic and Specialty Electrolytes for Energy Storage Devices


AbbreviationsSolid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Performance Requirements and Ion Transportation Mechanism in Solid Polymer ElectrolytesIntroductionTheory of Polymers in Solid Polymer ElectrolytesIonic Conductivity and Ion Transfer Mechanism in Solid Polymer ElectrolytesEffect of Polymer Properties on Ionic Conductivity and Ion Transference NumberGlass Transition TemperatureDegree of CrystallinityCrystal Growth from the MeltCrystal Growth from SolutionConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesSolid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries Novel Lithium-Ion Conducting Ceramic Materials: Oxides (Perovskite, Anti-Perovskite) and Sulfide-Type Ion ConductorsIntroductionOxide-Type Lithium-Ion ConductorsPerovskite ConductorsAnti-Perovskite ConductorsSulfide-Type Lithium-Ion ConductorsLISICON and Thio-LISICONsLGPS FamilyArgyroditesOther New Thio-PhosphatesLayered SulfidesConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesSolid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries Novel Lithium-Ion Conducting Ceramic Materials: NASICON- and Garnet-Type Ionic ConductorsIntroductionInorganic Li-ion ConductorsGarnet-Type ConductorsLi-ion Diffusion Mechanism in Garnet-Type ConductorsConclusionsAcknowledgmentReferencesPolymer and Ceramic-Based Quasi-Solid Electrolytes for High Temperature Rechargeable Energy Storage DevicesIntroductionSingle-Phase to Dual-Phase ElectrolyteInorganic Quasi-Solid ElectrolytesSilica-Based Quasi-Solid-State ElectrolytesBentonite Clay-Based Quasi-Solid-State ElectrolytesHexagonal Boron Nitride-Based Quasi-Solid-State ElectrolytesBarium Titanate-Based Quasi-Solid-State ElectrolytesSiloxane-Based Quasi-Solid-State ElectrolytesConclusion and Future OutlookAcknowledgmentReferencesQuasi-Solid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion BatteriesIntroductionEssential Criteria for QSSEsIonic ConductivityElectrochemical WindowCationic Transport Number (t+)Chemical and Thermal StabilityPorosity and Electrolyte UptakeMechanical RobustnessInterface with Electrode MaterialsVarious Polymeric Host Used for the Quasi-Solid State ElectrolytesPEO-Based Quasi-Solid State ElectrolytesMechanism of Ionic Conductivity and Ion TransportSolubility of Salts in Polymer MatrixPlasticizer Containing PEO ElectrolytesEnhancement of Ionic Conductivity and Transport Number in PEO-Based ElectrolytesComposite ElectrolytePVdF-Based QSSEsPAN- and PMMA-Based QSSEsSingle Li-ion Conducting Polymer-Based QSSEsIonic Liquid-Based QSSEsSpecial Class of QSSEs for LIBsConclusion and Future OutlookAcknowledgementReferencesElectrolytes for High Temperature Lithium-Ion Batteries: Electric Vehicles and Heavy-Duty ApplicationsIntroduction: Background and Driving ForcesThe Role of ElectrolytesElectrolyte Composition of LIBsOrganic SolventsLithium SaltsPolymer ElectrolytesRTILsElectrolyte Reactions of the LIBsThermal Decomposition of ElectrolytesThermal Reactions of Electrolytes with Electrode SurfaceThermally Stable ElectrolytesConclusion: Electrolytes or LIBs on FireReferencesElectrolytes for Low-Temperature Lithium-Ion Batteries Operating in Freezing WeatherIntroductionElectrolytes for LIBsGPEs for Low-Temperature LIBsAdditives and Lithium Salts for Low-Temperature LIBsOrganic Solvents for Low-Temperature LIBsRoom-Temperature Ionic Liquids for Low-Temperature LIBsSEPARATORS FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE LIBsConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesElectrolytes for Magnesium-Ion Batteries: Next Generation Energy Storage Solutions for Powering Electric VehiclesIntroductionMg-ion Battery ChemistryElectrolytes for Mg-ion BatteriesLiquid Electrolytes with Inorganic Salts for Mg-ion BatteriesOrganic/Inorganic Halo-Salt-Based Electrolytes for Mg-ion BatteriesPolymer Electrolytes for Mg-ion BatteriesSolid Polymer Electrolytes for Mg-Ion BatteriesGel Polymer Electrolytes for Mg-Ion BatteriesPolymer Composite Electrolytes for Mg-Ion BatteriesRoom-Temperature Ionic Liquid-Based Electrolytes for Mg-ion BatteriesConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesAqueous Electrolytes for Lithium- and Sodium-Ion BatteriesIntroductionWhy Aqueous Electrolytes for Alkaline Metal-Ion Batteries?Cost EffectiveSafety ConcernsIonic ConductivityRate CapabilityAqueous Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries (ARLIB)Electrode Materials for ARLIBsDesign and Structure of Electrode Materials for ARLIBsAqueous Electrolytes for ARLIBsEffect of Dissolved Oxygen and Additives in ElectrolytesEffect of Concentration of Electrolytes“Water in Salt” Properties in Aqueous ElectrolytesAqueous Gel Polymer Electrolytes for ARLIBsAqueous Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries (ARNIBs)Electrode Material for ARNIBsAqueous Electrolytes for ARNIBsHigh Concentration Aqueous Electrolytes for ARNIBsOther Factors of Aqueous Electrolytes Affect the Electrochemical Properties of ARNIBsChallenges and Further Perspectives of ARLIBs/ARNIBsElectrolyte Decomposition with H2 and O2 EvolutionEvolution of H2 and 02 from Electrolyte DecompositionDissolution of Electrode Material in Aqueous ElectrolytesCoinsertion of H+ with Guest IonsConclusion and Future OutlookAcknowledgmentReferencesTransparent Electrolytes: A Promising Pathway for Transparent Energy Storage Devices in Next Generation OptoelectronicsIntroductionTransparent Electrolyte for Li+-ion BatteriesTSSEs for SupercapacitorsIL-Based Transparent ElectrolytesTransparent Electrolytes for Fuel CellsConclusions and PerspectivesAcknowledgmentsReferencesRecent Advances in Non-Platinum-Based Cathode Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel CellsIntroductionWorking Principles of DMFCsORR MechanismSynthesis Techniques of Non-Pt-Based Cathode Catalysts for DMFCElectrochemical DepositionChemical ReductionHydrothermal/Solvothermal MethodSol-Gel MethodMicrowave-Assisted SynthesisTemplate-Guided SynthesisNon-Pt Cathode ElectrocatalystsTransition Metal-Based ElectrocatalystsMetal Oxide-Based ElectrocatalystsTransition Metal-Nitrogen (M-Nx) Macrocycle-Based ElectrocatalystsMetal-Free Nanocarbon-Based ElectrocatalystConclusion and Future OutlookReferencesPlatinum-Free Anode Electrocatalysts for Methanol Oxidation in Direct Methanol Fuel CellsIntroductionMethanol Oxidation Reaction (MOR) MechanismPt-Free Anode ElectrocatalystsPalladium-Based ElectrocatalystNickel-Based ElectrocatalystsRhodium-Based ElectrocatalystsOther Metal-Based ElectrocatalystsConducting Polymer-Based ElectrocatalystsGraphene-Based Nanohybrid (rGO/PEDOT:PSS/MnO2) ElectrocatalystConclusion and Future ProspectsReferencesIonic Liquid-Based Electrolytes for Supercapacitor ApplicationsIntroductionNeed of Gel- and Ionic-Liquid-Based Electrolytes in SCsImportance of GPEs and Ionic-Liquid-Based Electrolytes in Commercial ApplicationsGPEsStatus of Research on Polymer Electrolytes in IndiaUsage of Ionic-Liquid Electrolytes and GPEs in the Construction of SC DevicesMicroanalytical Characterization Techniques Used for Interface Analysis of Electrode and ElectrolyteMorphological and Surface CharacterizationElectrochemical Characterization Techniques (Half-Cell Studies)The Way ForwardConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferences
 
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