The Chemistry of Coordination Complexes and Transition Metals


Part–I: Coordination ChemistryHistory of ComplexesComplexesHistoryDifference Between Double Salts and Complex CompoundsAddition CompoundsIntroductionCoordination or Complex CompoundsCoordination SphereLigandsFormation of a ComplexCoordination Number (C.N.)Low Coordination NumbersFour Coordination ComplexesFive Coordinate GeometrySix Coordinate ComplexesDistortionHigh Coordination ComplexesEight Coordinate ComplexesBridging LigandsNon-ChelatesChelatesCorrect Empirical Formula of ComplexesPrecipitation MethodMolar Conductivity MethodEffective Atomic Number (EAN Rule)Blomstrand-Jorgensen Chain TheoryWerner’s Coordination TheoryIUPAC System of NomenclatureNomenclature of Coordination CompoundsGeneral RulesNaming the Metal IonNaming the LigandConfiguration SymbolsNaming the Inner ComplexesIsomerism and StereochemistryIsomerismStructural IsomerismCoordination Position IsomerismIonisation IsomerismCompoundHydrate IsomerismLinkage IsomerismLigand IsomerismPolymerisation IsomerismSpin IsomerismSummation IsomerismValence IsomerismDistortional IsomerismStereoisomerismBonding in ComplexesNature of Metal-Ligand BondLewis Acid-Base TheoryValence Bond Theory-Coordinate Octahedral ComplexesOuter Orbital ComplexesInner Orbital ComplexesLimitations of VBT (Valency Bond Theory)Crystal Field Theory (CFT)Magnitude of Δ0Effects of Crystal Field SplittingTetragonal Distortion or Jahn-Teller DistortionSquare PlanarTetrahedral ComplexesLigand Field Theory (LFT)Complex StabilityMolecular Orbital Theory (MOT)Bonding in [Fe(CN)6]4– ionPreparation and Isolation of ComplexesPreparationTrans EffectPreparation of Metal CarbonylsPreparation of Organometallic (Sandwich Compounds)Preparation of Transition Metal σ Bonded ComplexesIsolationStability of Complex IonIntroductionFactors Influencing StabilityKinetics or Inert and Labile ComplexesIntroductionEffective CollisionInert and Labile ComplexesClassifi cation of Inert and Labile Complexes on the Basis of Electrons in d OrbitalsInert and Labile Complexes on the Basis of CFSERoie of a Cataiysi (Kinetics)Substitution Reactions in ComplexesIntroductionMechanism of SubstitutionSubstitution in Non-Aqueous SolventsSubstitution When No Solvent Is UsedMechanisms of SubstitutionSelect TopicsCoordination Complexes and Biological SystemsIntroductionEssential MetalsCyanide and CO PoisoningHemoglobin the Oxygen CarrierTransport of OxygenOxygen CarriersMetal Ions Strong and Transportation in the Human SystemRole of Some Metals in the Human BodySeleniumBoronMolybdenumSodium Potassium EquilibriumSelectivityBehavior of Calcium And MagnesiumOther MetalloenzymesVanadium in Biological SystemsMetallo enzymes as acid catalystsPhosphate Storage and MusclesOxygen Binding and Oxygen EnzymesVitamis B12 or CyanocobalamineFood and Trace ElementsTrace Elements AbsorptionInhibitors in AbsorptionEnhancing the Effect of Absorption of Metals (even trace elements)Toxic Metal IonEnzymes InhibitionDetoxification by Metal Ion and ChelationMetal Complexes in the Cure of CancerUses and Applications of Coordination ComplexesIntroductionApplications of Metal ComplexesDye IndustryBiological EnzymesPolymer-Metal Complexes as CatalystsCatalytic Activities of Polymers-Metal ComplexApplication of Polymer-Metal Complexes as CatalystsOxidationHydrogenationHydrolysisHydroformylation of OlefinsInitiation of Radical PolymerisationAsymmetric Synthetic and Optical ResolutionTHE DECOMPOSITION OF H202Polymer-metal complexes as Heterogeneous Biologically Active CatalystsPorosity and Surface AreaExtent of Cross-LinkingSpacer GroupsCoordination Complex in Analytical ChemistryDetecting CationsGroup I CationsConfirmatory Test for Pb2+ IonsConfirmatory Test for Ag+ IonsConfirmatory Test for Mercury (1) ionGroup II CationsGroup reagentRole of HCl in Group II AnalysisGroup III CationsConfirmatory Test for Fe3+, Al3+, Cr3+Group IV cationsGroup ReagentConfirmatory TestsGroup V cationsGroup VI CationsZero Group CationsConfirmatory Test for NH4+ ionDetecting AnionsGroup I AnionsGroup of II AnionsConfirmatory Test for Cl– IonChromyl Chloride TestBr– and I–Test for NO3– IonTest for C2O42– IonGroup III AnionsSO42– Ion TestPO43– Ion TestBO33– Ion TestModern TechniquesQuantitative AnalysisQuantitative Vs. QualitativeExtraction of Metal from Complex OresHigh Temperature Chemical ReductionPhotographyArtificial SilkMetal Complexes in MedicinePlatinum Anticancer AgentsHydrolysisAttack on DNAMonofunctional AdductsDNA Base Recognition by Pt ComplexesBinding to Meta ThiamineMetallo Thionein and GlutathioneTargeting Via Transferring Receptor: Ruthenium and TitaniumGold Antipathetic DrugsBismuth Anticancer DrugsConclusionMetal Complexes as Drugs and Chemotherapeutic AgentsMetal Carbonyls and NitosylsIntroductionPreparation of Metal CarbonylsStructure and Bonding in CarbonylsCoordinate Mononuclear Metal CarbonylsApplying EAN Rule to [Ni(CO)4] ComplexIron Pentacarbonyl [Fe(CO)5]Physical CharacteristicsStructure and Bonding in [M(CO)5]Physical CharacteristicsPolynuclear Metal CarbonylsDimanganese decacarbonyl [Mn2(CO)10]Diironnonacarbonyl [Fe2(CO)9]Dicobalt Octacarbonyl [Co2(CO)8]Tetranuclear Metal Carbonyls [M4(CO)12]OrganometallicsIntroductionDefinitionClassificationNomenclatureSynthesis Of Organometallic CompoundsSynthesis of Sandwich CompoundsSynthesis of Alkene ComplexesPreparation of Zeise’s SaltSynthesis of Alkyne ComplexesAllyl ComplexesMetal-Benzenoid ComplexesCarbenes and Alkylidene ComplexesCarbene and Alkalidyne ComplexesCarbene CompoundsPhysical CharacteristicsChemical CharacteristicsImportant Organometallic Compoundsphysical CharacteristicsChemical CharacteristicsOrganometallic Compounds of BerylliumPropertiesOrganometalliic Compounds of MgGroup 3 or Group 13 ElementsMetal-Alkene Complexes of π-Bonded OrganometallicsPreparationPhysical CharacteristicsBonding and StructureBonding in [PtCl3(C2H4)]–Sandwich Organometallics or MetallocenesPreparation of MetallocenesPhysical CharacteristicsHydrogenationMolecular Orbital Theory (MOT)Part–II: Transition Metal ChemistryGeneral Characteristics of d-block ElementsIntroductionPlacement in the Periodic TableElectronic ConfigurationSecond Transition Series (4d-series)Third Transition Series or 5d-seriesFourth Transition Series or 6d-seriesElectronic Configuration of Transition Metal IonsAtomic and Ionic RadiiMetallic BehaviourAtomic Volume and DensityMelting and Boiling PointsVariable Oxidation StatesIonisation EnergiesReducing ActionColour of Transition Metal IonsMagnetic PropertiesDiamagnetismFerromagnetismAntiferromagnetismComplex Formation TendencyStability of Complex CompoundsCatalytic PropertyInterstitial CompoundAlloy FormationReactivityGroup Study of Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Transition ElementsScandium GroupPhysical CharacteristicsOccurrenceAtomic SizeChemical CharacteristicsElectronic ConfigurationOxidation StatesHalidesComplexesTitanium GroupIntroductionPhysical CharacteristicsElectronic ConfigurationOxidation StatesExtraction of MetalsPhysical ConstantsAtomic SizeChemical CharacteristicsReactivity and PassivityBehaviour of Ti Group Compounds in Different Oxidation StatesHalidesOrganometallic CompoundsVanadium GroupIntroductionPhysical CharacteristicsOccurrence and ExtractionElectronic Configuration and Oxidation StatesAtomic SizeGraded General PropertiesCompounds of V, Nb and TaHalidesOxidesVanadatesOrganometallic CompoundsChromium GroupIntroductionPhysical CharacteristicsAbundance, Occurrence and ExtractionElectronic Configuration and Oxidation StatesOxidation StatesGeneral ChracteristicsCompounds in (+6) StateChromium Trioxide or Chromic AnhydrideHalidesZero, (–I) and (–II) State CompoundsChromates, Molybdates and TungstatesTungsten BronzesThe Manganese GroupElectronic Configuration and Oxidation StatesOccurrence and UsesOxidation StatesGeneral CharacteristicsMn(III) Oxidation State CompoundsMn(lll) Complexes+IV Oxidation State Compounds+V State Compounds+Vl State Compounds+VII State CompoundsBiological UseThe Iron GroupElectronic Structures and Oxidation StatesOccurrence and ExtractionSteel ManufactureBessemer ProcessCommon Oxidation StatesGeneral CharacteristicsLow Oxidation State Compounds[Fe(CO)5]+11 Oxidation State CompoundsOxidesHalidesComplexesTest for NO3– or NO2–Compounds with Oxidation State (III)OxidesHalidesComplexesCyclopentadienyl CompoundsBioinorganic Chemistry of IronThe Cobalt GroupThe Nickel GroupGeneral PropertiesThe Copper Group of Coinage MetalsGeneral PropertiesCompounds in (+l) Oxidation StateUse of Ag Compounds in PhotographyCompounds with (+II) Oxidation StateCompounds in (+III) Oxidation StatesCompounds in (+V) StateBiological Use of CopperThe Zinc GroupIntroductionOccurrenceExtractionUses of Zinc, Cadmium and MercuryImportant and Common Oxidation StatesIonic Size and Some Physical PropertiesGeneral CharacteristicsOxidesComplexesMercury (+1) CompoundsOrganometallic CompoundsBiological Role of ZnToxic Nature of Cd and HgInner Transition or f-block Elements: The LanthanidesIntroductionThe Electronic ConfigurationAbundance and IsotopesExtractionLanthanide ContractionProperties of (+III) CompoundsCompounds with (+IV) Oxidation StateCompounds of (+II) Oxidation StateSolubilityColour and SpectraMagnetic MomentCoordination ComplexesThe ActinidesIntroductionElectronic ConfigurationImportant Oxidation StatesOccurrencePreparation of Transuranium ElementsGeneral CharacteristicsThorium, Protactinium and UranuimChemical CharacteristicsNeptunium, Plutonuim and AmericiumCompleting and Extending the Periodic Table and Its SeriesBibliophile
 
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