Motherhood after Incarceration: Community Reintegration for Mothers in the Criminal Legal System

Motherhood After IncarcerationSetting the Stage: Motherhood and IncarcerationPathways Into Criminal Behavior and Criminal Legal System Involvement for WomenMotherhood and ReintegrationNotesReferencesMother/Child Bonds and Changes Throughout the Incarceration ExperienceMaternal Responses to Incarceration: Criminal Legal System Stigma and Its Impact on Incarcerated MothersIncarceration and Self-Perceptions as MothersChildren’s Behavior and Mental Health During and After Maternal IncarcerationReunification of Mothers and Their Children: First Months after IncarcerationReentry Struggles: Added Complexity of MotherhoodMothering Without Custody of Children, Recognizing ChallengesConclusionsNoteReferencesPost-Incarceration Custody and Non-Custody of ChildrenCategorization of Maternal Custody Status Over TimePathways Into the Criminal Legal System and Their Impacts on (Re)gaining CustodyCriminal Legal System and Incarceration Experiences, Child Contact, and Custody Decision-MakingReentry Custody Processes: Mothers’ Decisions to Seek Custody and Procedures for Regaining CustodyDecision-Making Around not Regaining CustodyConclusionNoteReferencesParenting and Depressive Symptoms for Reentering MothersDepression and Parenting During ReentryExperiences of Mental Health Related to Parenting or Not Parenting During Early TransitionEmotional Well-Being and the Reentry Period: Quantitative and Qualitative DataConclusionReferencesSocial Supports and Social Strains During ReentrySocial Support Is Essential, but Accessing Can Come at a CostFamiliesBuilding Social Support With Adult ChildrenFriendsRomantic RelationshipsFathers of Their ChildrenParole and Probation OfficersConclusionReferencesMechanisms of Desistance and RecidivismCriminal Behavior and Criminal Legal System HistoryChild Custody Status and RecidivismFactors Influencing Desistance and RecidivismClues to How Reintegration Efforts Might Be Tailored to Meet the Needs of Formerly Incarcerated Mothers: Facilitating Hooks for ChangeConclusionReferencesIntersectionality, Motherhood, and ReintegrationNegotiating and Reconciling Relationships With Children After IncarcerationTheoretical Ties: Hooks for Change, Motherhood, and Redefining “Successful” ReentryAppendix: Research Methods
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