Agricultural Waste: Threats and Technologies for Sustainable Management


Agricultural Waste: Sources, Implications, and Sustainable ManagementINTRODUCTIONWASTES PRODUCED DURING CULTIVATION ACTIVITIESLIVESTOCK WASTEAVAILABILITY OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT WASTEWASTE FROM AQUACULTUREAGRO INDUSTRIAL WASTEOW MANAGEMENTVERMICOMPOSTINGADSORBENTS IN THE ELIMINATION OF HEAVY METALSMANURE APPLICATIONMETHANE PRODUCTIONBIOFUEL PRODUCTIONCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESAgricultural Wastes and Its Applications in Plant-Soil SystemsINTRODUCTIONTYPE OF AGRICULTURAL WASTES (AWS)FORESTRY WASTEHORTICULTURE WASTEAGRONOMY WASTELIVESTOCK WASTEMANAGEMENT AND USES OF AGRICULTURAL WASTECONVENTIONAL APPROACHESCOMPOSTINGUSES AS FUELCROP RESIDUES (CR) BURNING ON FIELDMULCHINGBURIAL OF CROP RESIDUES (CR)USE AS BIOSORBENTBIOCHAR PRODUCTIONBIOFUEL PRODUCTION (WASTE TO ENERGY)IMPACTS OF AW ON THE SOIL-PLANT SYSTEMSUMMARYKEYWORDSREFERENCESImpact of Agriculture on Soil HealthINTRODUCTIONSOIL HEALTH AND ITS INDICATORSINDICATORSPHYSICO-CHEMICAL INDICATORSBIOLOGICAL INDICATORSHOW AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES EFFECT SOIL HEALTH?PROCESSES INVOLVED IN THE IMPACTTILLAGE EROSIONSOIL SALINIZATIONIMPACT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF TILLAGE ON SOIL HEALTHCROPPING PRACTICES AND THEIR IMPACT ON SOIL HEALTHSOIL HEALTH AND ORGANIC AMENDMENTSCASE STUDYCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESGlobal Scenario of Remediation Techniques to Combat Pesticide PollutionINTRODUCTIONGLOBAL ECOLOGICAL AND HEALTH HAZARDS OF PESTICIDESGLOBAL SCENARIO OF PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USAGEHISTORY OF PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USAGECURRENT GLOBAL SCENARIO OF PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USAGESCENARIO OF PESTICIDES PRODUCTION AND USAGE IN INDIASELECTION OF REMEDIATION TECHNIQUE THROUGH SCREENING APPROACHESGLOBAL SCENARIO OF PESTICIDE REMEDIATION TECHNIQUESPHYSICO-CHEMICAL REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIESBIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIESINTEGRATED REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIESNOVEL REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIESINDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE REMEDIATIONECONOMICS OF GLOBAL REMEDIATION SECTORRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATIONCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESWoodchip Bioreactors for Nitrate Removal in Agricultural Land DrainageINTRODUCTIONALTERNATIVE BIO-FILTER MEDIASOLID CARBON SOURCE USE FOR ENHANCED DENITRIFICATION TREATMENTPERFORMANCE FACTORSHYDRAULICS AND RETENTIONTEMPERATUREMICROBIOLOGYDESIGN OF BIOREACTORCONCLUSIONSKEYWORDSREFERENCESBiocontrol Agents in Organic AgricultureINTRODUCTIONBIO-CONTROL AGENTSPREDATORPARASITOIDPATHOGENSROLE OF VARIOUS ORGANISMS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PESTSBACTERIABACULOVIRUSESENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGINEMATODESMODE OF ACTION OF BIO CONTROL AGENTSANTIBIOSISHYPERPARASITISM/MYCOPARASITISMCOMPETITIONPRODUCTION OF LYTIC ENZYMESINDUCED SYSTEMIC RESISTANCE (ISR)CONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESThe Science of Vermicomposting for Sustainable DevelopmentINTRODUCTIONCONCEPT OF VERMICOMPOSTINGFAVORABLE CONDITIONS FOR AEROBIC COMPOSTINGNUTRITIONAL FACTORPARTICLE SIZEENVIRONMENTAL FACTORSTEMPERATUREpHMOISTURE CONTENTAERATION RATESNUTRITIOUS FOODACTIVE ORGANISMSRAPID COMPOSTING METHODSPHOSPHOSULPHONITRO COMPOSTEFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM BASED PRODUCTION PROCESSTHE TECHNIQUE OF COMPOSTINGCOMPOST AND ITS PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICSSUBSTANCES THAT COULD BE COMPOSTEDMARKETS FOR COMPOSTUSESCO-COMPOSTINGVERMICOMPOSTINGMETHODS OF VERMICOMPOSTINGRESOURCES REQUIRED FOR THE PROCESS OF VERMICOMPOSTINGCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESConsolidation of Green Chemistry into Biorefineries: A Pavement for Green and Sustainable ProductsINTRODUCTIONINTEGRATED FARM-BASED BIOREFINERY (IFBBR)INTEGRATED SCHEME FOR GREEN BIOMASS EXPLOITATIONFUNDAMENTAL TECHNOLOGY AND YIELD OUT OF A GREEN BIO-REFINERYOUTLOOK OF IFBBRKEYWORDSREFERENCESMicrobial Interventions and Biochemistry Pathways for Degradation of Agricultural WasteINTRODUCTIONAEROBIC DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDSANAEROBIC DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDSMIXED DEGRADATION OF POLLUTANTS FROM PERSISTENT ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL WASTECATABOLIC PATHWAYS (CATABOLISM OR ENERGY METABOLISM)ANABOLIC PATHWAYS (ANABOLISM OR METABOLISM OF ASSIMILATION OR BIOSYNTHESIS)PARTICULARITIES SPECIFIC TO MICROBIAL METABOLISMDECONTAMINATION BY THE BIODEGRADATION OF SOIL ORGANIC SUBSTANCES IN THE CARBON CYCLEDECOMPOSITION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS INTO SOILMICROFLORA OF ORGANIC MATTER DECOMPOSITIONBIOCHEMISTRY OF DECOMPOSITION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ADDED TO SOILCELLULOSE DECOMPOSITIONHEMICELLULOSES DECOMPOSITIONDEPOLYMERIZATION OF PECTIC SUBSTANCES UNDER THE ACTION OF LYSESSTARCH DECOMPOSITIONDECOMPOSITION OF VEGETAL GUMSDECOMPOSITION OF CHITINLIGNIN DECOMPOSITIONLIPID DECOMPOSITIONDECOMPOSITION OF ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONSDECOMPOSITION OF AROMATIC HYDROCARBONSDECOMPOSITION OF PHENOLS, AROMATIC ACIDSPESTICIDES DECOMPOSITIONTHE NITROGEN CYCLESBIOCHEMISTRY OF PROTEIN DECOMPOSITIONDECOMPOSITION OF NITROGEN-CONTAINING LIPIDSDECOMPOSITION OF NITROGEN CARBOHYDRATEDECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM CYANAMIDEDECOMPOSITION OF ALKALOIDSAMMONIA TRANSFORMATIONSBIODEGRADATION OF ORGANIC WASTE AND RESIDUES: THE ISSUE OF DIOXINSTHE IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE BIODEGRADATION (STABILIZATION) OF ORGANIC WASTE AND RESIDUES IN AGRICULTUREMICROBIOLOGY OF BIODEGRADATIONTHE MAIN METABOLIC PATHWAYS FOR THE DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC WASTEBIOCHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MATTER DEGRADATIONPRIMARY WASTE TRANSFORMATIONS: MOBILIZATION (DEGRADATION, DECOMPOSITION) OF THE SUBSTRATESECONDARY TRANSFORMATION OF WASTEBIOMASS TRANSFORMATIONSCONTROLLED BIODEGRADATION OF ORGANIC WASTEBIOTECHNOLOGY FOR COMPOSTINGBIOTECHNOLOGY OF COMPOSTING IN THE HOUSEHOLD SYSTEMCONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONSKEYWORDSREFERENCESValues of BiofertilizersINTRODUCTIONBIOFERTILIZER: THE NEED OF THE HOUR IN AGRICULTURECLASSIFICATION OF BIOFERTILIZERSAPPLICATION OF BIOFERTILIZERS TO THE CROPSVALUES OF BIOFERTILIZERSCOST-EFFECTIVE AND EASY APPLICATION TECHNIQUESBIOFERTILIZERS ENHANCE 15-35% YIELDBIOFERTILIZERS PROVIDE NITROGEN AND GROWTH HORMONES TO THE PLANTSBIOFERTILIZERS ENHANCE SOIL FERTILITY AND ARE POLLUTION FREEANTIBIOTIC SECRETION AND PESTICIDEBIOFERTILIZERS IMPROVE THE CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SOILBIOFERTILIZERS ENHANCE PRODUCTION DURING POOR IRRIGATIONBIOFERTILIZERS ARE ECO-FRIENDLYCONSTRAINTS IN BIOFERTILIZER PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTSSTRAINS FOR PRODUCTIONTECHNICAL PERSONNELQUALITY PRODUCTION UNITSQUALITY OF CARRIER MATERIALINOCULANT QUALITYINOCULANT SHELF-LIFEINFRASTRUCTURAL CONSTRAINTSFINANCIAL CONSTRAINTSPHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUESQUALITY CONSTRAINTS AND HUMAN RESOURCESCOMPETENCE OF THE STAFFEDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING IN BIOFERTILIZERSPRODUCTION TECHNIQUESQUALITY SPECIFICATIONS AND QUICK QUALITY CONTROL METHODSREGULATIONTIPS TO GET GOOD RESPONSE TO BIOFERTILIZER APPLICATIONPRECAUTIONS TO TAKE WHILE USING BIOFERTILIZERSADVANTAGES OF USING BIOFERTILIZERSCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESAlternatives to Synthetic FertilizersINTRODUCTIONBIOCHARCOMPOSTMANURESEGGSHELLSWOOD ASHGREEN MANURINGBAGASSESLURRYPRESS MUDBIOFERTILIZERSMULCHINGSTRAWMULCHWOOD CHIPSBIOSOLIDSBONE MEALCOTTONSEED MEALALFALFA PELLETSFISH EMULSIONSBAT GUANOCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESMushroom Cultivation Technology for Conversion of Agro-Industrial Wastes into Useful ProductsINTRODUCTIONBENEFICIAL EXPRESSIONS OF MUSHROOM CULTIVATION ON THE AGRO INDUSTRIAL WASTESRESTORATION OF DAMAGED ENVIRONMENTBIODEGRADATIONBIOSORPTIONCONCLUSIONKEYWORDSREFERENCESAn Essay on Some Biotechnological Interventions in Agricultural Waste ManagementINTRODUCTIONAGRICULTURAL WASTE MANAGEMENTAPPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF WASTEAGRICULTURAL WASTE AS A RAW MATERIAL FOR CONVERSION OF ENERGYTHERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSIONCOMBUSTIONGASIFICATIONPYROLYSISBIOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF AGRICULTURAL BIOMASSPRETREATMENTHYDROLYSISFERMENTATIONBIOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE VIA ANAEROBIC DIGESTION (AD)AGRICULTURAL BIOMASS AS AN OPTIMIZED CARBON SOURCESOLID STATE FERMENTATION (SSF)SUBMERGED FERMENTATION (SMF)PRODUCTION OF XYLOOLIGOSACCHRIDES (XOS) FROM AGRICULTURAL WASTECONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONSACKNOWLEDGMENTKEYWORDSREFERENCESBioremediation Technologies for the Management of Agricultural WasteINTRODUCTIONBIOREMEDIATIONTECHNOLOGIES INVOLVED IN BIOREMEDIATIONIN SITU BIOREMEDIATION (ISB)ACCELERATED "IN-SITU" BIOREMEDIATIONADVANTAGES OF ACCELERATED IN SITU BIOREMEDIATION (ISB)RESTRICTIONS OF ACCELERATED IN-SITU BIOREMEDIATIONENHANCED BIOREMEDIATION (EB)MONITORED NATURAL ATTENUATION (INTRINSIC BIOREMEDIATION)MONITORED NATURAL ATTENUATIONBIOAERATIONPHYTOREMEDIATIONRHIZODEGRADATIONPHYTOEXTRACTIONPHYTODEGRADATIONPHYTOSTABILIZATIONPHYTOVOLATILIZATIONPRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF BIOREMEDIATIONBIOREMEDIATION AS A BUSINESSEXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF BIOREMEDIATIONTECHNOLOGIES FOR SOIL TREATMENT BY BIOREMEDIATIONBIOVENTILATIONBIOAUGMENTATIONSOIL PHYTOREMEDIATIONSOIL BIOTECHNOLOGIES FOR BIOREMEDIATIONBIOPILESCOMPOSTINGCULTIVATION OF THE LANDCONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONSKEYWORDSREFERENCES
 
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