Materials for Energy

Halide Perovskite PhotovoltaicsSolar Energy and PhotovoltaicsHalide Perovskite MaterialsStructure of Halide Perovskite MaterialsOptical Property and Bandgap Tunability of Halide Perovskite MaterialsOptoelectronic Property of Halide Perovskite MaterialsStability of Halide PerovskitesIntrinsic Thermal Stability of Halide Perovskite MaterialsPhase Stability of FAPbI[sub(3)] PerovskitePhase Stability of All-Inorganic CsPbI[sub(3)] PerovskiteSummaryReferencesCarbon Nanomaterials for Flexible Energy Storage DevicesOverview of Flexible Energy Storage DevicesFlexible SupercapacitorsMechanism and Advancement of SupercapacitorsElectrodesCarbon MaterialsConducting PolymersTransition Metal OxidesFlexible Wire-Shaped SupercapacitorsWire-Shaped Supercapacitors in a Parallel StructureWire-Shaped Supercapacitors in a Twisted StructureWire-Shaped Supercapacitors in a Coaxial StructureApplicationsSupercapacitor TextilesFlexible MicrosupercapacitorsFlexible BatteriesMechanism and Development of BatteriesElectrodesCarbon NanotubeGrapheneCarbon Paper/Carbon ClothConfigurationFlexible Planar BatteriesFlexible Wire-Shaped BatteriesApplicationTextile BatteriesMultifunctional BatteriesIntegrated Energy DeviceSummary and OutlookReferencesTriboelectric Materials for NanoenergyIntroductionNanoenergyTriboelectric NanogeneratorBasic Working ModelsTheory BasisMaterial SourcesThe Development of Materials for TENGsDielectric-to-Dielectric Device StructureThe Working Principle of Dielectric-to-Dielectric DeviceThe Advantages of Dielectric-to-Dielectric DeviceDevelopment of Dielectric-to-Dielectric Paired Materials for TENGsDielectric-to-Conductor Device StructureThe Working Principle of Dielectric-to-Conductor DeviceThe Advantages of Dielectric-to-Conductor DeviceDevelopment of Dielectric-to-Conductor Paired Materials for TENGsSemiconductor Device StructureThe Role of Semiconductor for TENGsSemiconductor-to-Dielectric DeviceSemiconductor-to-Conductor DeviceThe Output Enhancement Mechanism in TENGsSelection of Paired MaterialsEnhancement in Effective ContactModification of Material CompositionControl of Environmental ConditionsDesigns of Hybrid CellsRecent Advancement of TENGs for NanoenergyMicro/Nano Power SourceSelf-Powered SensorsBlue EnergyChallenge and PerspectiveReferenceslll-N Ultraviolet Light Emitters for Energy-Saving ApplicationsIntroductionMOCVD Growth of GaN Templates for (Near) Ultraviolet LEDsMOCVD Growth of AlN Template for Deep-UV LEDsRole of Alternating High and Low V/III Ratios on AlN CrystallinityEffect of Nanopatterned Sapphire Substrate on AlN CharacteristicsEffect of Defect Density of AlN Template on Deep-UV LEDsSummary and PerspectiveReferencesIn-situ Growth of Spherical Graphene Films on Cemented Carbide for Spatial Sensor MatrixIntroductionSpace Sensors and SGFResearch Summary of SGFPerformance AdvantagePreparation MethodPreparation of SGF by Metal CatalysisGrowth Mechanism of Graphene by Metal CatalysisSelection of the Carbon SourceThe Catalytic MetalSynthesis of SGF on Cemented CarbideExperimental ProcedureExperimental EquipmentPreparation ProcessCharacterization of the SamplesIn situ Growth of Graphene on Cemented Carbide SurfaceAnnealing vs. Graphene StructureInfluence of Annealing TemperatureAction Mechanism of Si Atoms in Co-Catalyzed Graphene GenerationControlled Preparation of Graphene Defects and Number of Layers by C2H2 Gas Flow RateC2H2 Gas Flow vs. Atomic Content of FilmsC2H2 Gas Flow Rate vs. Phase of Interfacial LayerC2H2 Gas Flow Rate vs. Layers and Lattice Defects of GrapheneC2H2 Gas Flow vs. Graphene MorphologyReaction Mechanism of Co-Catalyzed SGF GrowthSummary and PerspectivesReferencesMembrane Materials for Vanadium Redox Flow BatteryIntroductionWorking Principle of RFBWorking PrincipleMembrane RequirementMembrane CharacterizationMembrane Materials for VRFBPerfluorinated Sulfonic Acid MembranesIn-situ Sol-Gel ModificationSurface ModificationSolution RecastingOther Modification MethodsPartially Fluorinated MembranesNon-Fluorinated MembranesPoly(ether ether ketone) Based MembranePolybenzimidazole-Based MembranePolyimide-Based MembraneOther Hydrocarbon MembranesPorous MembranesSolvent-Template MethodPhase Inversion MethodSummary and PerspectivesReferencesThin-Film Solid Oxide Fuel CellsIntroductionBrief Introduction to SOFCsFuel Cell LossesTF-SOFCsDefinition of TF-SOFCsDevelopment of TF-SOFCsSilicon-Based TF-SOFCsPorous Substrates with Nanoscale Surface PoresScaling Up and System Level WorkNano Thin-Film Electrolyte Materials and Deposition MethodsElectrolyteOxygen Ion Conductor for TF-SOFCsProton Conducting Electrolyte for TF-SOFCsCathode and Cathode Interlayer in TF-SOFCsAnodeDeposition Method for TF-SOFC ComponentsElectrolyteSupporting SubstratesFree-Standing MEA ConfigurationSilicon WafersGlass CeramicPorous-Substrate-Supported MEAAnodic Aluminum OxideConventional Ni–YSZ Supporting SubstrateOther Porous SubstratesScaling-Up of the Single Cells on MembraneEnlarging the Lateral Dimension of Free- Standing MembranesD Corrugated Electrolyte MembraneLarge Membrane Arrays with Mechanical Supporting LayerIssues of Thin-Film StressResidual StressThermal StressMembrane BucklingConclusions and PerspectivesReferencesIn-Situ Mechanistic Study of Two-Dimensional Energy Materials by Well- Defined Electrochemical On-Chip ApproachIntroductionOverview of the Development of 2D Materials in Electrochemical Conversion or Storage DevicesOn-Chip Electrochemical ApproachDroplet Confined Electrochemical ReactorOn-Chip Polymer Confined MicroreactorFundamental Studies on the Physicochemical ParametersConclusionsAcknowledgmentReferencesPhase Change Materials for Thermal Energy StorageIntroductionResearch Directions for PCM-Based TESThermal Conductivity Enhancement of PCMsNumerical Simulation Study Related to Latent Heat StorageThermal Analysis of PCMsTheoretical ModelDifferential Scanning Calorimetry TestExperimental Setup and Procedures of DSCResults and DiscussionT-history Method ExperimentExperimental Setup and Procedure of T-history MethodT-history Analysis for Reference Material: KNO[sub(3)]On-Site Design and Operation Criteria of the PCMsDesign of PCM-Based TES UnitPCM Selection CriteriaPerformance of PCM-Based TES TankNumerical Studies of the PCM-Based TES ApplicationsDesign of PCM-Based TES Tank in 2D and 3D DomainsMesh Generation and Independency StudyAnalysis Procedure and Results of Numerical SimulationsPerformance Enhancement Studies for the PCM-Based TES TankEffect of Fin Location on the PCM PerformanceEffect of Double-Fin Integration with Various ArrangementsEffect of Angled Double Fins on the PCM PerformanceFeasibility Assessments of PCMs in Thermal Energy StorageEconomic Analysis of PCM-Integrated Combined Energy SystemsThermoeconomic Analysis of PCM-Integrated Combined Energy SystemsSustainability Analysis of PCM-Integrated Combined Energy SystemsSummaryReferencesStrategies for Performance Improvement of Organic Solar CellsIntroductionPrologueWorking Mechanism of OSCsDevice Structure of OSCsOSC Preparation ProcessThe Parameters of OSCsLocalized Surface Plasmon ResonancePlasmonic EffectPlasmonic in Active LayerPlasmonic in Charge Transport LayerPlasmonic as ElectrodesInterface EngineeringElectron Transport LayerHole Transport LayerTernary Solar CellsCharge TransferEnergy TransferParallel Working MechanismAlloy ModelOpportunities and ChallengesReferencesSurface Passivation Materials for High-Efficiency Silicon Solar CellsIntroductionPrologueDevice StructureConventional StructurePassivated Emitter and Rear Contact StructureAtomic Layer DepositionSpatial Atomic Layer DepositionThermal Atomic Layer DepositionPlasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer DepositionPassivation Thin FilmsMechanism and AdvancementAluminum Oxide Thin FilmsHafnium Oxide Thin FilmsFabrication of Passivation Thin FilmsEffect of Surface MorphologyEffect of Post-Annealing Ambient TemperatureAluminum OxideHafnium OxideSolar Cell ApplicationsParametersDevice StructurePerformanceSummary and OutlookReferencesOrganic Solar CellIntroductionClassification of OSCsWorking Principles of OSCsPhoton Absorption and Exciton GenerationExciton Diffusion and DissociationTransport of Free Charge Carriers (Electron and Hole)Key Parameters of OSCsDonor and Acceptor MaterialsPolymersSmall Organic MoleculesFullerene and Non-Fullerene AcceptorsFullerene MaterialsNFA ITIC and Its DerivativesNFA Y6 and Its DerivativesReferencesHigh-Performance Electrolytes for BatteriesIntroductionAdvances in Electrolytes for LIBsDevelopment of Electrolytes for LIBsInorganic Solid Electrolytes (ISEs)Solid Polymer Electrolytes (SPEs)Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Composite ElectrolytesAdvances in Electrolytes for SOFCTypical Electrolytes for SOFCDeposition of YSZ Thin-Film ElectrolytesMicrostructure of YSZ Thin FilmsElectrical Properties of YSZ Thin FilmsHigh-Performance New-Type Electrolytes for SOFCConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferences
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