Bioremediation Science From Theory to Practice: From Theory to Practice


Bioremediation: Concepts, Management, Strategies and ApplicationsIntroduction—Environmental degradation and approaches for environmental repairsConcept and categories of bioremediationIn situ and ex situ techniquesThe induction of the process of bioremediationGroups of microorganismsBacteriaAlgaeFungiChemical and biochemical pathways and processes of bioremediationFinal remarksReferencesBioremediation: Current Status, Prospects and ChallengesIntroductionBioremediation of solid wasteBioremediation of liquid wasteBioremediation of toxic gasesBioremediation of heavy metalBioremediation of radioactive wasteCurrent status and prospects of bioremediationBioremediation technologiesNew bioremediation methodologies for waste managementPhycoremediationMycoremediationRhizoremediation (Plant and microbe interaction)Emerging technologies in bioremediationGenoremediationElectro-assisted bioremediationChallenges of bioremediationLimitations of bioremediationToxic intermediates produced during the bioremediation processFailure of bioremediation processConclusionReferencesIntegrative Approaches for Understanding and Designing Strategies of BioremediationIntroductionBioremediation: characterization and conceptsContaminants’ characteristics, behavior, and their fatePrinciples of bioremediationFactors affecting bioremediationRole of plant roots and associated microbes to clean contaminated sitesBioremediation management strategies and applicationIn situ bioremediationNatural bioreinediationManaged or engineered bioremediationBioventingBioslurpingBiospargingPhytoremediationEx-situ bioremediatioiiBiopile-mediated bioremediationWindrowsBioreactor-mediated bioremediationLaiidfarmingAdvanced technique: Nano-bioremediationAdvantages and limitations of bioremediationAdvantages of bioremediationLimitations of bioremediationConclusion and future perspectivesAcknowledgmentsReferencesEcological Tools for Remediation of Soil PollutantsIntroductionTypes of soil pollutants and their characteristicsOrganic pollutants (OPs)Inorganic pollutants (IPs)Ecological tools used in remediation of soil pollutantsMicrobesMicrobial metabolism and soil pollutantsMicrobial remediationPlantsOrganic materialsRole of biotechnology in remediation of soil pollutantsIn situ bioremediationEx situ bioremediationImportance of biosurfactants for ecological remediation of soil pollutantsCase studyConclusionFuture prospectiveReferencesPhytoremediation: A Green Approach for the Restoration of Heavy Metal Contaminated SoilsIntroductionSoil contaminants’ types and statusImpact of soil contaminants on ecosystem and soil qualitySoil remediation techniquesPhytoremediationPhytodecontaminationPhytoextraction (Phytoaccumulation)Phytodecontamination processQuantification of efficiency ofphytoextractionRhizofiltrationPhytovolatilizationPhytostabilizationConclusionReferencesSoil Heavy Metal Pollution and its Bioremediation: An OverviewIntroductionSources of heavy metals in the environmentStatus of heavy metal pollutionBioremediationMechanisms of bioremediationPhytoremediationMechanism of Heavy Metal Hyperaccumulation in PlantsMechanism of hyperaccumulationHeavy metal uptakeBioactivation of rhizosphereMetal transportersRoot-shoot translocation of heavy metalsDetoxiflcation/sequestration of heavy metalsSequestration in shoot vacuolesDetoxification of heaty metalsSignificance of hyperaccumulationUse of transgenic plants as hyperaccumulatorsConclusions and future prospectsReferencesBiological Indicators for Monitoring Soil Quality under Different Land Use SystemsIntroductionImportance and characteristics of sensitive soil indicators in relation to soil quality and functionsImportance of soil indicatorsSensitive indicators of soil quality in relation to soil functionsApproaches for quantitative estimation of soil qualitySensitive indicators (physical, chemical and biological) of soil quality specific to objectives of experiments over the yearsImportant biological indicators sensitive to soil quality assessmentEarthworm species and populationAnts and termitesMetabolic substances (ergosterol andgiomalin)Microbial biomass carbon (MBC)Microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN)Potentially mineralizable NEnzyme activitiesSpecies and population of arthropodsSensitive biological indicators in different land use systems based on management goalsConclusionsReferencesAromatic Plants as a Tool for Phytoremediation of Salt Affected SoilsIntroductionSalt affected soilsSoil degradation processesPhytoremediation of salt affected soilsPhytoremediation mechanismsPartial pressure of CО2 in the root zoneProton release by plant rootsPhysical effects of rootsSalt removal by plant biomassImprovement of soil properties through phytoremediationAromatic plant species for phytoremediationPerspectivesReferencesMicrobial Mediated Biodegradation of Plastic Waste: An OverviewIntroductionCurrent status of plastic pollutionClassification of plastics based on biodegradabilityBio-based biodegradable plasticFossil-based biodegradable plasticsMechanism of plastic biodegradationMicrobes involved in plastic biodegradationPlastic degrading enzymes and their roleFactors affecting biodegradability of plasticPolymer characteristicsEnvironmental factorsConclusionReferencesAgrochemical Contamination of Soil: Recent Technology Innovations for BioremediationIntroductionImpact of pesticides and fertilizers on soilRemediation strategies of hazardous agrochemicalsBioremediation and its typesPrinciples of bioremediationApplication of soil biota in bioremediation of agrochemicalsMicrobial bioremediationPhytoremediationAnimal remediationLimitations of bioremediationConclusionReferencesBioremediation of Pesticides with Microbes: Methods, Techniques and PracticesIntroduction: Pesticides in the environmentBioconcentration, bioaccumulation and biomagnification of pesticideEnvironmental remediation of pesticidesChemical and physical remedial techniquesMicrobial degradation of pesticidesPesticide degradation strategies by microbesBiochemical mechanisms in microbial degradation of pesticidesMicrobial enzymes in pesticide degradationMicrobial biodegradation methodsIn situ microbial degradationEx situ microbial degradationAerobic and Anaerobic microbial degradationMicrobial bioremediation techniques and practices (some case studies, commercial products)Biotechnological intervention in microbial remediationGenetically modified microorganism (GMO) for pesticide bioremediationMetagenomics and metaproteomics approach for evaluation of pesticide bioremediationPossibilities, practical hindrance and future directionConclusionReferencesCompost-assisted Bioremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic HydrocarbonsIntroductionSources of PAHsInteractions of PAHBioremediation process in soilBioremediation of PAHs through compostingConclusionsReferencesPetroleum Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Soils: Scaling Up Bioremediation Strategies from the Laboratory to the FieldIntroductionBioremediationPhytoremediationBioaugmentationBiostimulationLaboratory-scale experiments dominate research on bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soilsBioremediation studies of PHC-contaminated soils at field scale: current state of the artConclusions and final remarksReferencesHeavy Metal Pollution in Agricultural Soils: Consequences and Bioremediation ApproachesIntroductionНеалу metals, sources of contamination in soils and effects on plantsBioremediation methods of heavy metal contaminated soilsPlant mediated, microbial and microbial-assistedphytoremediationPhytoextractionPhytostabilityPhytovolatilizationLimitations and prospects in bioremediation approachesConclusionsReferencesArsenic Toxicity in Water-Soil-Plant System: An Alarming Scenario and Possibility of BioremediationIntroductionOrigin of arsenic contamination in soil and aquatic environmentGeogenic originAnthropogenic and biogenic originGuideline value of maximum arsenic contaminationArsenic distribution in the worldEntry of arsenic in the food chainBioremediation of arsenic toxicity in water-soil-plant systemPhytoremediationMicrobial bioremediation of arsenicFuture perspective and conclusionReferencesBioremediation of Fluoride and Nitrate Contamination in Soil and GroundwaterIntroductionContamination of F~ in the Asian countriesIndian scenario of fluoride and nitrate contaminationSources of fluoride contaminationSources of nitrate contaminationRemediation technologies available for fluoride and nitrate removalBioremediation processes of fluoride removalBioadsorbents for defluoridationBioremediation processes of nitrate removalChallenges and future perspectiveConclusionReferencesSoil Degradation in Mediterranean Region and Olive Mill WastesIntroductionSoil protectionSoil degradationSoil degradation in Mediterranean regionDecline of organic matterUse of olive mill wastes to reduce soil degradationConclusionReferencesMembrane Bioreactor for Perchlorate TreatmentIntroductionMembrane bioreactorPrinciples of MBRTypes of MBRPressure-driven MBRIon exchange MBRGas-transfer MBRPerchlorate treatment by MBRIon exchange MBREffect of membrane permselectivityEffect of biofilm formationEffect of carbon source limitationEffect of co-existing nitratesEffect of nutrient limitationH2-based gas transfer MBfRMethane (CH4-based MBfRLimitations of MBR for perchlorate removalConclusion and future perspectivesAcknowledgmentReferencesNanobioremediation Technologies for Clean EnvironmentIntroductionNanobioremediationNanoparticlesNanobioremediation in pollution controlNano-adsorbentNanocatalystNanofiltrationNanosensorsWhy nanosensors?Challenges of nanobioremediationEco-friendly nanomaterialsConclusionsReferencesBiochar—An Imperative Amendment for Soil and EnvironmentIntroductionProductionBiochar compositionSourcesAmendment of soil and environment through biocharWaste managementSoil management. Improvement in soil fertility’Remediation of heavy metal pollutionCarbon sequestrationMitigation of climate changeConclusionReferencesEndophytic Microorganisms from Synanthropic Plants—A New Promising Tool for BioremediationIntroductionBioremediation—the right way for contamination removalEndophytic microorganismsSynanthropic plantsEndophytes from ruderal plants against environment pollutionUrtica dioica L.Lolium perenne L.Chelidonium majus L.Endophytes in phytoremediationEndophytes as a source of biosurfactantsEndophytes as plant growth-promoting agentsConclusionsReferencesBioremediation of Chlorinated Organic Pollutants in Anaerobic SedimentsIntroductionMicrobial degradation of chlorinated compoundsTerminal electron acceptors and electron donors during degradationMechanism of anaerobic degradation: dechlorination or dehalorespirationDegradation in sulphate reducing conditionsDegradation in niethanogenic conditionsConclusionsReferencesBioremediation of Wastewater by Sulphate Reducing BacteriaIntroductionEcological significance of SRBSRB in domestic wastew ater treatmentSRB in industrial wastewater treatmentHeavy metal remediation by SRBBioremediation of chlorinated organic compoundsFuture applications: energy recovery as a dual advantageConclusionsReferences
 
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