Green Approaches in Other Sectors
For environmentally liable and ecologically responsible decisions and lifestyles, we need to pursue the green ways in all the possible sectors such as health and agriculture. Going green helps to guard the environment and sustain its natural resources for both present and future generations.
3.4.1 Green Healthcare
Green healthcare means to adapt the practices and techniques in our healthcare which are environmental-friendly. Healthcare is the chief concern of every individual; thus, it is necessary to provide the best and the utmost quality care to patients. But healthcare is also one of the major contributors to waste, even though the enthusiasm for “going green” less considerable information is available to the medical fraternity. The medical community has a huge chance to put into practice the green and efficient ways in healthcare, e.g., in the field of surgery green practices such as operating theatre waste deduction, environmentally preferable purchasing, reusing single-use medical equipment, management of energy consumption and management of pharmaceutical wastes. Using different green practices, public health and sustainability can be improved.
3.4.2 Green Agriculture
We need to make farming a sustainable farming, principally, which means using strong modern framework and sustainability concepts to improve agricultural technique. Things such as weed, pest management, organic fertilizers and seeds need to be dealt in a green way. Going green in farming and agriculture is the need of an hour in modern times. Owing to the increasing threat of climate change, the agricultural sector across the globe has been badly affected which in turn affects the global economic state, climatic changes are caused by human practices; thus, we need to look for such practices which will have the minimal effect on the environment. Different techniques need to be used in our agriculture system. “Green care” implies to the use of agricultural farms for boosting mental and physical health of human beings. Farmers definitely need a proper scientific origins for green services, progress of health policies and economical systems that make these services a predictable income (Braastad, 2015).
3.4.3 Green Internet of Things
A newly trending concept is the Internet of Things (IoT) which connects billions and trillions of devices with each other. Green IoT has abundant number of expertise and research areas enabling universal connectivity over the global physical objects. The four major technologies that enable IoT are radio-frequency identification (RFID), optical tags and quick response codes, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and wireless sensor network. Green IoT promotes lower power consumption than IoT and makes the environment safer and greener. The life cycle contains green design, manufacturing in green ways, green utilization of available resources and green disposal of the wastes with a negligible impact on the environment (Sadiku et al., 2018).
Due the remarkable development in the field of IoT, the way of working and living has completely changed. Even though the abundant benefits of IoT are improving the society, but IoT also consumes a large amount of energy, leaving toxic pollution and e-waste in the environment. Thus, increasing the benefits of IoT and reducing the harms have become the chief concern. Green IoT is viewed as the future of IoT that is environmentally-friendly. For achieving that, it is compulsory to put a lot of measures to trim down carbon emission rates, consume less resource and persuade proficient techniques for energy usage. The machines, communications, network sensors, clouds and most importantly the internet should be energy efficient and focus on reducing carbon emission rates.
3.4.4 Green Marketing
Selling or marketing the products that are environmentally safe refers to green marketing. Nowadays, the firms and various organizations are using the trend of green as a means for gaining the profit and shielding the environment. To protect the environment and the health of the living beings, the firms and customers have now started to challenge eco-friendly products. Thus, as an element of social sense of right and wrong, the firms have slowly and gradually applied green marketing practices for marketing various products. Since modern day people are way too much concerned about the environment, many firms and industries are using green marketing to amplify their competitive advantages. The companies strictly need to abide by the consumers’ requirements. Consumers nowadays are happily eager to pay more money for a better and greener life style. Thus, it can be concluded that green marketing is off course not only the way to make the environment safe but also a smart marketing approach (Fuiyeng& Yazdanifard, 2015).
3.4.5 Green Economy
“Green economy or green growth,” the latest trend in global environmental governance, was first introduced by a group of top environmental economists in pioneering 1989 report in the United Kingdom, titled Blueprint for a Green Economy (UN, 2012).
Green economy is related to ecological economics but has more focus on applied part. It attempts to achieve sustainable development without demeaning the environment. It can be defined as the economy that intends to minimize the environmental threats and ecological insufficiencies. According to UNEP Green Economy Report,
that to be green, an economy needs to be efficient and fair. Fairness means knowing
global as well as the country level equity dimensions, mainly in assuring a just changeover to an economy that is less-carbon, resource proficient, and socially inclusive.
3.4.6 Green Industry
Green industrial policy or GIP refers to the strategic policy of the government that aims to speed up the growth and development of green industries to shift towards a low-carbon emissions and resource efficiency. A specific challenge faced by GIP is integration of economic and environmental concerns. It also deals with the disinclination of industries to spend in green development.
For improving the poverty issues, creating employments and enhancing the living standards, developing countries require to focus on escalating their industrial sector. But at present, numerous countries are facing severe environmental dilapidation and resource exhaustion, which threaten the chances of sustainable economic growth. Green industry not only encourages the sustainable patterns of production as well as consumption but also provides model that are resource and energy proficient and non-polluting and safe, and release low-carbon emissions and wastes. Green industry plan wraps the greening of industries. The greening of industries also contributes to poverty lessening, promoting energy security, health and safety, jobs, and reducing costs through increased productivity.
3.4.7 Green Architecture
Sustainability is the common interest of numerous disciplines in modern times. The concept of green architecture or sustainable architecture refers to constructing building in such a way that reduces the hazardous effects of construction on human health and the environment. The “green” architect tries to maintain the air and water quality by selecting eco-friendly construction materials and practices.
Green architecture means environment-friendly architecture having various characteristics such as
- 1. Energy-efficient lighting and appliances
- 2. A ventilation system planned and designed for proficient heating and cooling
- 3. Water-saving fixtures
- 4. Minimal or no damage to the natural habitat
- 5. Alternate power sources
- 6. Non-toxic materials
- 7. Efficient use of space.
Green architecture has environmental, social as well as economic benefits. It helps in one of the major concerns of modern times that is pollution reduction and promotes natural resources conservation, and also reduces the amount of money that has to be used on water and energy, and green buildings are meant to be striking and beautiful, thus causing only negligible sprain on the local infrastructure (Ragheb et al., 2016).