Understanding Society and Natural Resources

Overview of BookI The Status of IntegrationA Vision of the Future of Science: Reintegrating of the Study of Humans and the Rest of NatureThe Role of Envisioning in Creating the FutureConsilience Among All the SciencesReestablishing the Balance Between Synthesis and AnalysisA Pragmatic Modeling PhilosophyA Multiscale Approach to ScienceAggregationHierarchy TheoryFractals and ChaosResolution and PredictabilityCultural and Biological Co-evolutionCultural vs. Genetic EvolutionEvolutionary CriteriaCreating a Shared Vision of a Desirable and Sustainable FutureConclusionsReferencesMillennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere (MAHB): Integrating Social Science and the Humanities into Solving Sustainability ChallengesIntroductionDealing with Scientific Silos and UncertaintiesSolving These ChallengesMillennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere (MAHB)MAHB's Mission and StructureMAHB's Research ApproachA Research Agenda for and from MAHBSocio-cultural Change for SustainabilityPopulation and SustainabilityEnvironmental Governance for SustainabilityInequity and SustainabilityConcluding ReflectionsReferencesII Topics in IntegrationScience During Crisis: The Application of Interdisciplinary and Strategic Science During Major Environmental CrisesIntroductionScience During Crisis: Two ExamplesDeepwater Horizon Oil SpillHurricane SandyExamples of Social Science During Environmental Crisis EventsDistinctive Characteristics of Science During Environmental CrisesThe Importance of Coupled Human-Natural SystemsThe Challenge of Collaboration and Interdisciplinary TeamsThe Importance of Uncertainties and LimitationsThe Value of Cascading Consequences and Assessing ImpactsThe Need for Sense of PlaceThe Demands of Communicating Science During CrisisA Modest Research AgendaConclusionReferencesWho's Afraid of Thomas Malthus?IntroductionClassical MalthusianismThe Logical Structure of MalthusianismWhy Malthus Was WrongWhy Malthus May Still Turn Out to Be RightScience IntegrationSimple Neo-Malthusian TheoriesEnvironmental Neo-MalthusianismClimate-Based Neo-MalthusianismEnergy-Based Neo-MalthusianismCritique of Simple Neo-MalthusianismComplex Neo-Malthusian TheoriesLimits to GrowthEco-scarcity TheoryCritique of Eco-scarcity TheoryClimate-Based Eco-scarcityThe Future in the PastScience IntegrationCivilizational Neo-MalthusianismThe Role of Social ScienceConclusionPostscriptReferencesA Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Social-Ecological Models of Emerging Infectious DiseasesIntroductionIntegrating Social Science Theories Relevant to Development TransitionsAnthropogenic and Ecological Determinants of HPAI in Southeast AsiaDeveloping and Testing the FrameworkLessons Learned About Social Science IntegrationConclusionReferencesStudying Power with the Social-Ecological System FrameworkIntroductionIncorporating Power Within The SES FrameworkOverview of the SES FrameworkOperationalizing Research on the Role of Power in Social-Ecological SystemsAnalyzing Power Within The SES FrameworkInstitutional PowerElinor Ostrom's Definition of PowerSteven Lukes's Three Faces of PowerDouglass North and the Institutional MatrixDiscussionConclusions: An Interdisciplinary Agenda for the Study of Power in SESsReferencesConsiderations in Representing Human Individuals in Social-Ecological ModelsPurposeImpetus for Change Emanating from Ecological SciencesA Need for Greater Inclusion of the Individual in Ecosystem ModelsHuman Thought as Dynamic and AdaptiveDual Adaptive Systems in HumansThe Individual in a Multi-level ContextHierarchies Within the IndividualThe Individual-Group HierarchyInstitutional and Structural FactorsMutually Constructed Nature of Human Thought and the Social and Natural EnvironmentConclusionReferencesIII Methodological Advances for Facilitating Social Science IntegrationThe Representation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change Research and ModellingIntroduction: Land Change and Spatial ModelsThe Representation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change ModelsConceptual models of human-environment interactions in land scienceDifferent Perspectives and Research ApproachesUsing Social Science Case-Studies to Help Parameterize Land Change ModelsRepresentation of Human-Environment Interactions in Land Change ModelsLand Change Models as a Platform for Social Science IntegrationReferencesSimulation as an Approach to Social-Ecological Integration, with an Emphasis on Agent-Based ModelingIntroductionUtilities of SimulationsIntegrated ModelingEcological and Social ModelsIntegrated Modeling with StakeholdersAgent-Based ModelingExamplesIntegrated Assessments with SAVANNA and DECUMABalinese Water Temple NetworksWet Season Versus Dry Season Livestock DispersalSummary and ConclusionsReferencesInter-disciplinary Analysis of Climate Change and Society: A Network ApproachIntroductionStructure, Function and Power in Social NetworksAction Networks and Discourse NetworksCulture as Context in Social Network AnalysisDiscourse Networks Around Climate ChangePolicy Networks Around Climate ChangeConclusionReferencesDesigning Social Learning Systems for Integrating Social Sciences into Policy Processes: Some Experiences of Water ManagingIntroductionFraming Choices in Environmental Policy SituationsIntegration and SystemsDesigning Social Learning Systems for Social Science IntegrationCase Studies of Designing Social Learning SystemsIntegrating Environment Agency Catchment Science into PolicyCreating Water Sensitive Cities in AustraliaSocial Learning for Ecosystem Services in Lake Baiyangdian, ChinaConstraints and Opportunities for Social Learning for IntegrationConcluding Comments and Implications for Future Integrated Policy-MakingReferences
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