Requirements of AI

• Games—AI plays an important role in the system in talking about the need

for a wide range of possible roles in strategy games based on deep understanding, for example chess, river crossing, and N-queens problems.

• Natural language processing—Interact with machines that interpret natural

language in human terms.

Requirements of AI. (Adapted from Introduction to Artificial Intelligence— Selvamanikkam, 2018.)

FIGURE 12.4 Requirements of AI. (Adapted from Introduction to Artificial Intelligence— Selvamanikkam, 2018.)

  • • Expert systems—Users with explanations and guidance are created by a computer or software.
  • • Vision systems—Systems recognize and explain machine vision sources and identify them.
  • • Speech recognition—Most Al-based speech recognition systems can hear and communicate in sentences and interpret the words people speak to them. Siri and Google assistant are two examples.
  • • Handwriting recognition—The handwriting recognition app scans the text written on a paper and recognizes and converts the letter types into editable text.
  • • Intelligent robotics—Robotics can perform human instructions.

Opportunities of AI in Education

The new challenges of the knowledge age warrant a drastic reform from the university in its traditional educational canons. The models focused on artificial intelligence promise a very substantial improvement in education for all the different levels, with an unparalleled qualitative shift: to provide students with an objective personalization of their learning according to their needs (Ocana-Fernandez, 2019). Artificial intelligence can have a significant impact on our educational future. There are growing suppliers of technologies that are launching AI solutions to improve new-age learning. Generally, the transformation of our institutional system comes from the private sector, but innovations also trickle into important school districts within states.

At the same time, AI education can get more accessible and inclusive. Various tutoring programs, i.e., learning applications with a skill-based curriculum, are being developed around the globe. Such Al-enabled platforms will add eyes to the global classrooms. It will empower not only students but teachers to upgrade to current trends as well.

  • • Artificial intelligence has opened up a wide range of possibilities and prospects throughout the world and across different sectors including the higher education industry.
  • • Artificial intelligence not only has the potential to enhance learning effectiveness amongst students, but also reduces and optimizes the cost of access to education. It can be utilized to leverage its impact both in learning and in teaching.
  • • Artificial intelligence can be leveraged to customize the personal experience of a learner by customizing the content, automated evaluations, admission and on-boarding process, and personalized content delivery (Chatterjee, 2018)
  • • Artificial intelligence can serve as a tool to overcome the challenges faced in the segment of admissions, student engagement, and placements. Al-enabled chatbots can be conveniently used to address the common queries faced by the students, which would prevent the students in waiting in long queues to reach out to the admission counselors. The chatbot can be configured to answer questions about financial assistance, scholarship, hostel facilities, and placement opportunities, and the service is provided 24/7.
  • • Similarly, it can be leveraged in placements by campuses, too, in screening the potential candidates and eliminating any human bias that may be there.

It would help in tapping the right applicant as per the requirements of different companies.

• These days when the college students are more comfortable with using artificial intelligence, mobile technologies, and social media applications, it would also enhance their engagement and learning as they can have access to learning sessions and videos at a time that is convenient to them.

Requirements of Shifts in Education

Artificial intelligence is reaching the education system. The use of artificial intelligence will make certain tasks easier. Using artificial intelligence, for example, grading can be done fast and easily (Lynch, 2018). As artificial intelligence (AI) technology evolves and joins different industries, it might enable colleges and universities to pursue an adaptive, rigorous, and individualized student experience. AI could potentially lead to a less expensive and more responsive approach to higher education by enhancing student outcomes and helping institutions scale up education quality. While artificial intelligence and education might seem like a futuristic invention, it is present in today’s life and education systems. We can make life easier

Shifts in education. (Author’s compilation.)

FIGURE 12.5 Shifts in education. (Author’s compilation.)

for both the students and teachers with the help of artificial intelligence. Education through artificial intelligence offers an incentive for any pupil to pursue professional education and individualizes learning (Lynch, 2018).

Artificial intelligence is required in the field of education to create the following parameters that might be advantageous for the students:

  • 1. Paperless classroom.
  • 2. Lifelong learning.
  • 3. Personalized learning.
  • 4. Learning analytics.
  • 5. Collaborative learning.
  • 6. Robot teachers.
  • 7. Adaptive e-textbooks.
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